Seems to work for me (up to make install at least).
sudo apt-get install libxml2-dev
tar xjvf libbluray-0.6.0.tar.bz2
./configure --prefix="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" --bindir="$HOME/ffmpeg_build/bin" --disable-shared
I do not own a blu-ray player so I could not test.
$ cd ffmpeg
PATH="$PATH:$HOME/bin" PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$HOME/ffmpeg_build/lib/pkgconfig" ./configure \
Update: Nevermind. I was building in and pointing to unclean and incorrect directories causing it to link to the wrong (shared) libbluray libraries. It's been a long time since I've used Ubuntu and forgot how much of a slob I was in my VM. I ran out of time now, so I'll have to take a look later.