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Thread: HOWTO: NFS Server/Client

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    Join Date
    Apr 2006

    HOWTO: NFS Server/Client

    Why NFS?

    I simply wanted to experiment with NFS, and couldn't seem to find the documentation here on the forums. I found using NFS just as easy if not easier than using Samba for sharing between a few of my Unix based systems. In order to share a folder it only required a single line in a configuration file under /etc/exports, and a single line under /etc/fstab on the client to mount the share on each client at boot.

    I mostly edited and moved things around from these guides to make a more complete single guide to getting this working using Ubuntu. (for client configuration) (for mounting using fstab)
    <removed dead link> (contains more info about NFS)

    Install NFS Server Support
    at the terminal type
    sudo apt-get install nfs-kernel-server nfs-common portmap
    When configuring portmap do =not= bind loopback. If you do you can either edit /etc/default/portmap by hand or run:
    sudo dpkg-reconfigure portmap
    sudo /etc/init.d/portmap restart

    Editing /etc/exports
    the /etc/exports file is used for creating a share on the NFS server

    invoke your favorite text editor or
    sudo vi /etc/exports

    Here are some quick examples of what you could add to your /etc/exports

    For Full Read Write Permissions allowing any computer from through

    • /files,no_root_squash,async)

    Or for Read Only from a single machine

    • /files (ro,async)

    save this file and then in a terminal type
    sudo /etc/init.d/nfs-kernel-server restart

    Also aftter making changes to /etc/exports in a terminal you must type
    sudo exportfs -a

    Install NFS client support
    sudo apt-get install portmap nfs-common

    Mounting manually
    Example to mount to /files. In this example is the name of the server containing the nfs share, and files is the name of the share on the nfs server

    The mount point /files must first exist on the client machine.
    cd /
    sudo mkdir files

    to mount the share from a terminal type

    sudo mount /files

    Note you may need to restart above services:
    sudo /etc/init.d/portmap restart
    sudo /etc/init.d/nfs-common restart

    Mounting at boot using /etc/fstab
    Invoke the text editor using your favorite editor, or
    gksudo gedit /etc/fstab

    In this example my /etc/fstab was like this:
    • /files nfs rsize=8192,wsize=8192,timeo=14,intr

    You could copy and paste my line, and change “”, and “/files” to match your server name:share name, and the name of the mount point you created.
    It is a good idea to test this before a reboot in case a mistake was made.
    mount /files
    in a terminal, and the mount point /files will be mounted from the server.
    Last edited by dmizer; August 6th, 2009 at 12:10 AM. Reason: removed dead link


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