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Thread: Most reliable way to copy lots of directories and files.

  1. #1
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    Most reliable way to copy lots of directories and files.

    Ubuntu 22.04. Newbie here. I've got lots of files and directories on an external USB C connected HDD. About 1TB of files and directories. They all reside in one directory on the HDD.

    I want to copy them to an empty directory on my main drive (in my /home directory). What is the most reliable way to do this?

    So far I've explored using the cp command and GRsync. Which one do you think is more reliable? Reliable means it can reliably copy lots of files and directories over a USB C connection.

    Better options?

    My internal drive is a 2TB nvme.

    I have no NAS and no RAID and no home network. ONLY one single AMD laptop. And a stack of external HDDs used for backups.

    I'm a newbie so won't use rsync.
    Last edited by Advait; January 17th, 2024 at 11:15 AM.
    MSI Bravo 15 AMD Ryzen 7 4800H 15.6" 40GB A4DDR-212IN, 2TB nvme (Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Gnome) and 500GB nvme (also Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Gnome as a backup)

    Here, There and Everywhere.

  2. #2
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    Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy Jellyfish

    Re: Most reliable way to copy lots of directories and files.

    Perhaps add LuckyBackup GUI .. but rsync is in the engine room.
    Don't forget to try "dry run" option which simulates, before committing.
    You can also see the command line which LuckyBackup compiles.
    You can also create multiple profiles for incremental workflow.

  3. #3
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    Xubuntu 24.04 Noble Numbat

    Re: Most reliable way to copy lots of directories and files.

    Quote Originally Posted by Advait View Post
    <snip>
    I'm a newbie so won't use rsync.
    Is this because you are a new user and don't like the command-line and using terminal commands?
    It's not nearly as difficult as you may be thinking and could be very useful in many other situations.
    However why not have a look at grsync which is a simply GUI for rsync and may make you life easier, at least to begin with!

  4. #4
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    Re: Most reliable way to copy lots of directories and files.

    I think I found the solution. I'm using the FreeFileSync GUI app. It took a few minutes to figure out how to set the FFS restore parameters, but I did a small test and it worked good. I’m now restoring my user files from the external drive back to my internal drive. And the FreeFileSync GUI is pretty good. Great for a newbie like me!
    MSI Bravo 15 AMD Ryzen 7 4800H 15.6" 40GB A4DDR-212IN, 2TB nvme (Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Gnome) and 500GB nvme (also Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Gnome as a backup)

    Here, There and Everywhere.

  5. #5
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    Re: Most reliable way to copy lots of directories and files.

    Quote Originally Posted by ajgreeny View Post
    Is this because you are a new user and don't like the command-line and using terminal commands?

    [[Yes, My old brain is no longer able to learn and remember a bunch of cryptic command line parameters.]]

    It's not nearly as difficult as you may be thinking and could be very useful in many other situations.

    [[Yes, you're correct, but my other commitments currently don't allow me to take time and properly learn something like rsync.]]

    However why not have a look at grsync which is a simply GUI for rsync and may make you life easier, at least to begin with!

    [[I have looked at Grsync. It looks pretty good. But I found something even better, see my earlier post.]]
    text
    MSI Bravo 15 AMD Ryzen 7 4800H 15.6" 40GB A4DDR-212IN, 2TB nvme (Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Gnome) and 500GB nvme (also Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Gnome as a backup)

    Here, There and Everywhere.

  6. #6
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    Re: Most reliable way to copy lots of directories and files.

    It's interesting, backing up the 1TB of files from my internal nvme to an external USB connected HDD takes about 35hrs.

    Restoring the same 1TB of files from the external USB connected HDD to my nvme takes about 2hrs.

    Time to get some ssds for my external backups!
    MSI Bravo 15 AMD Ryzen 7 4800H 15.6" 40GB A4DDR-212IN, 2TB nvme (Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Gnome) and 500GB nvme (also Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Gnome as a backup)

    Here, There and Everywhere.

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