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Thread: /usr/bin/ld: cannot find : No such file ... When static compiling

  1. #1
    Join Date
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    Angry /usr/bin/ld: cannot find : No such file ... When static compiling

    I static compile this code https://github.com/kris-nova/boopkit.git ,it shows some error like below:


    Code:
    k8s@k8s:~/boopkit$ make static
    -> Building boopkit
    gcc -I/usr/local/include -g -lbpf -lelf -lpcap -lpthread -static -o boopkit boopkit.c common.c dpi.c -Wl,
    /usr/bin/ld: cannot find : No such file or directory
    collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
    make: *** [Makefile:71: static] Error 1

    And I add -v to find the detail:
    Code:
    k8s@k8s:~/boopkit$ gcc -I/usr/local/include -g -lbpf -lelf -lpcap -lpthread -static -o boopkit boopkit.c common.c dpi.c -Wl, -v
    Using built-in specs.
    COLLECT_GCC=gcc
    COLLECT_LTO_WRAPPER=/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/lto-wrapper
    OFFLOAD_TARGET_NAMES=nvptx-none:amdgcn-amdhsa
    OFFLOAD_TARGET_DEFAULT=1
    Target: x86_64-linux-gnu
    Configured with: ../src/configure -v --with-pkgversion='Ubuntu 11.3.0-3ubuntu1' --with-bugurl=file:///usr/share/doc/gcc-11/README.Bugs --enable-languages=c,ada,c++,go,brig,d,fortran,objc,obj-c++,m2 --prefix=/usr --with-gcc-major-version-only --program-suffix=-11 --program-prefix=x86_64-linux-gnu- --enable-shared --enable-linker-build-id --libexecdir=/usr/lib --without-included-gettext --enable-threads=posix --libdir=/usr/lib --enable-nls --enable-bootstrap --enable-clocale=gnu --enable-libstdcxx-debug --enable-libstdcxx-time=yes --with-default-libstdcxx-abi=new --enable-gnu-unique-object --disable-vtable-verify --enable-plugin --enable-default-pie --with-system-zlib --enable-libphobos-checking=release --with-target-system-zlib=auto --enable-objc-gc=auto --enable-multiarch --disable-werror --enable-cet --with-arch-32=i686 --with-abi=m64 --with-multilib-list=m32,m64,mx32 --enable-multilib --with-tune=generic --enable-offload-targets=nvptx-none=/build/gcc-11-pWJoHK/gcc-11-11.3.0/debian/tmp-nvptx/usr,amdgcn-amdhsa=/build/gcc-11-pWJoHK/gcc-11-11.3.0/debian/tmp-gcn/usr --without-cuda-driver --enable-checking=release --build=x86_64-linux-gnu --host=x86_64-linux-gnu --target=x86_64-linux-gnu --with-build-config=bootstrap-lto-lean --enable-link-serialization=2
    Thread model: posix
    Supported LTO compression algorithms: zlib zstd
    gcc version 11.3.0 (Ubuntu 11.3.0-3ubuntu1)
    COLLECT_GCC_OPTIONS='-I' '/usr/local/include' '-g' '-static' '-o' 'boopkit' '-v' '-mtune=generic' '-march=x86-64' '-dumpdir' 'boopkit-'
    /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/cc1 -quiet -v -I /usr/local/include -imultiarch x86_64-linux-gnu boopkit.c -quiet -dumpdir boopkit- -dumpbase boopkit.c -dumpbase-ext .c -mtune=generic -march=x86-64 -g -version -fasynchronous-unwind-tables -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Wformat-security -fstack-clash-protection -fcf-protection -o /tmp/ccOtr1mS.s
    GNU C17 (Ubuntu 11.3.0-3ubuntu1) version 11.3.0 (x86_64-linux-gnu)
    compiled by GNU C version 11.3.0, GMP version 6.2.1, MPFR version 4.1.0, MPC version 1.2.1, isl version isl-0.24-GMP
    
    
    GGC heuristics: --param ggc-min-expand=100 --param ggc-min-heapsize=131072
    ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/local/include/x86_64-linux-gnu"
    ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/include-fixed"
    ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/../../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/include"
    ignoring duplicate directory "/usr/local/include"
    as it is a non-system directory that duplicates a system directory
    #include "..." search starts here:
    #include <...> search starts here:
    /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/include
    /usr/local/include
    /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu
    /usr/include
    End of search list.
    GNU C17 (Ubuntu 11.3.0-3ubuntu1) version 11.3.0 (x86_64-linux-gnu)
    compiled by GNU C version 11.3.0, GMP version 6.2.1, MPFR version 4.1.0, MPC version 1.2.1, isl version isl-0.24-GMP
    
    
    GGC heuristics: --param ggc-min-expand=100 --param ggc-min-heapsize=131072
    Compiler executable checksum: e9f3cebf5e5d804b6e7b4929615d6e26
    COLLECT_GCC_OPTIONS='-I' '/usr/local/include' '-g' '-static' '-o' 'boopkit' '-v' '-mtune=generic' '-march=x86-64' '-dumpdir' 'boopkit-'
    as -v -I /usr/local/include --gdwarf-5 --64 -o /tmp/ccJQGe9q.o /tmp/ccOtr1mS.s
    GNU assembler version 2.38 (x86_64-linux-gnu) using BFD version (GNU Binutils for Ubuntu) 2.38
    COLLECT_GCC_OPTIONS='-I' '/usr/local/include' '-g' '-static' '-o' 'boopkit' '-v' '-mtune=generic' '-march=x86-64' '-dumpdir' 'boopkit-'
    /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/cc1 -quiet -v -I /usr/local/include -imultiarch x86_64-linux-gnu common.c -quiet -dumpdir boopkit- -dumpbase common.c -dumpbase-ext .c -mtune=generic -march=x86-64 -g -version -fasynchronous-unwind-tables -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Wformat-security -fstack-clash-protection -fcf-protection -o /tmp/ccOtr1mS.s
    GNU C17 (Ubuntu 11.3.0-3ubuntu1) version 11.3.0 (x86_64-linux-gnu)
    compiled by GNU C version 11.3.0, GMP version 6.2.1, MPFR version 4.1.0, MPC version 1.2.1, isl version isl-0.24-GMP
    
    
    GGC heuristics: --param ggc-min-expand=100 --param ggc-min-heapsize=131072
    ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/local/include/x86_64-linux-gnu"
    ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/include-fixed"
    ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/../../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/include"
    ignoring duplicate directory "/usr/local/include"
    as it is a non-system directory that duplicates a system directory
    #include "..." search starts here:
    #include <...> search starts here:
    /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/include
    /usr/local/include
    /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu
    /usr/include
    End of search list.
    GNU C17 (Ubuntu 11.3.0-3ubuntu1) version 11.3.0 (x86_64-linux-gnu)
    compiled by GNU C version 11.3.0, GMP version 6.2.1, MPFR version 4.1.0, MPC version 1.2.1, isl version isl-0.24-GMP
    
    
    GGC heuristics: --param ggc-min-expand=100 --param ggc-min-heapsize=131072
    Compiler executable checksum: e9f3cebf5e5d804b6e7b4929615d6e26
    COLLECT_GCC_OPTIONS='-I' '/usr/local/include' '-g' '-static' '-o' 'boopkit' '-v' '-mtune=generic' '-march=x86-64' '-dumpdir' 'boopkit-'
    as -v -I /usr/local/include --gdwarf-5 --64 -o /tmp/ccmNmmR6.o /tmp/ccOtr1mS.s
    GNU assembler version 2.38 (x86_64-linux-gnu) using BFD version (GNU Binutils for Ubuntu) 2.38
    COLLECT_GCC_OPTIONS='-I' '/usr/local/include' '-g' '-static' '-o' 'boopkit' '-v' '-mtune=generic' '-march=x86-64' '-dumpdir' 'boopkit-'
    /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/cc1 -quiet -v -I /usr/local/include -imultiarch x86_64-linux-gnu dpi.c -quiet -dumpdir boopkit- -dumpbase dpi.c -dumpbase-ext .c -mtune=generic -march=x86-64 -g -version -fasynchronous-unwind-tables -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Wformat-security -fstack-clash-protection -fcf-protection -o /tmp/ccOtr1mS.s
    GNU C17 (Ubuntu 11.3.0-3ubuntu1) version 11.3.0 (x86_64-linux-gnu)
    compiled by GNU C version 11.3.0, GMP version 6.2.1, MPFR version 4.1.0, MPC version 1.2.1, isl version isl-0.24-GMP
    
    
    GGC heuristics: --param ggc-min-expand=100 --param ggc-min-heapsize=131072
    ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/local/include/x86_64-linux-gnu"
    ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/include-fixed"
    ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/../../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/include"
    ignoring duplicate directory "/usr/local/include"
    as it is a non-system directory that duplicates a system directory
    #include "..." search starts here:
    #include <...> search starts here:
    /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/include
    /usr/local/include
    /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu
    /usr/include
    End of search list.
    GNU C17 (Ubuntu 11.3.0-3ubuntu1) version 11.3.0 (x86_64-linux-gnu)
    compiled by GNU C version 11.3.0, GMP version 6.2.1, MPFR version 4.1.0, MPC version 1.2.1, isl version isl-0.24-GMP
    
    
    GGC heuristics: --param ggc-min-expand=100 --param ggc-min-heapsize=131072
    Compiler executable checksum: e9f3cebf5e5d804b6e7b4929615d6e26
    COLLECT_GCC_OPTIONS='-I' '/usr/local/include' '-g' '-static' '-o' 'boopkit' '-v' '-mtune=generic' '-march=x86-64' '-dumpdir' 'boopkit-'
    as -v -I /usr/local/include --gdwarf-5 --64 -o /tmp/cct0qgmh.o /tmp/ccOtr1mS.s
    GNU assembler version 2.38 (x86_64-linux-gnu) using BFD version (GNU Binutils for Ubuntu) 2.38
    COMPILER_PATH=/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/:/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/:/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/:/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/:/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/
    LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/:/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/:/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/../../../../lib/:/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/:/lib/../lib/:/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/:/usr/lib/../lib/:/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/../../../:/lib/:/usr/lib/
    COLLECT_GCC_OPTIONS='-I' '/usr/local/include' '-g' '-static' '-o' 'boopkit' '-v' '-mtune=generic' '-march=x86-64' '-dumpdir' 'boopkit.'
    /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/collect2 -plugin /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/liblto_plugin.so -plugin-opt=/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/lto-wrapper -plugin-opt=-fresolution=/tmp/ccZkCooh.res -plugin-opt=-pass-through=-lgcc -plugin-opt=-pass-through=-lgcc_eh -plugin-opt=-pass-through=-lc --build-id -m elf_x86_64 --hash-style=gnu --as-needed -static -z relro -o boopkit /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/crt1.o /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/crti.o /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/crtbeginT.o -L/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11 -L/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu -L/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/../../../../lib -L/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu -L/lib/../lib -L/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu -L/usr/lib/../lib -L/usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/../../.. -lbpf -lelf -lpcap -lpthread /tmp/ccJQGe9q.o /tmp/ccmNmmR6.o /tmp/cct0qgmh.o "" --start-group -lgcc -lgcc_eh -lc --end-group /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/crtend.o /usr/lib/gcc/x86_64-linux-gnu/11/../../../x86_64-linux-gnu/crtn.o
    /usr/bin/ld: cannot find : No such file or directory
    collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
    All the static lib file are in the right path.
    Code:
    k8s@k8s:~/boopkit$ locate libbpf.a
    /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libbpf.a
    /usr/src/linux-headers-5.15.0-25-generic/tools/bpf/resolve_btfids/libbpf/libbpf.a
    /usr/src/linux-headers-5.15.0-27-generic/tools/bpf/resolve_btfids/libbpf/libbpf.a
    k8s@k8s:~/boopkit$ locate libpcap.a
    /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libpcap.a
    k8s@k8s:~/boopkit$ locate libelf.a
    /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libelf.a
    k8s@k8s:~/boopkit$ locate libc.a
    /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libc.a
    /usr/lib32/libc.a
    /usr/libx32/libc.a
    k8s@k8s:~/boopkit$ locate libpthread.a
    /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libpthread.a
    /usr/lib32/libpthread.a
    /usr/libx32/libpthread.a
    Last edited by QIII; June 11th, 2022 at 07:49 PM.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Jul 2008
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    The Left Coast of the USA
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    Re: /usr/bin/ld: cannot find : No such file ... When static compiling

    I have restored the content of your post. We consider deletion of post contents to be be forums vandalism or defacement.

    If you found a solution, please be so kind as to share it with the community so others may find a solution to a similar problem.
    Please read The Forum Rules and The Forum Posting Guidelines

    A thing discovered and kept to oneself must be discovered time and again by others. A thing discovered and shared with others need be discovered only the once.
    This universe is crazy. I'm going back to my own.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Aug 2016
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    Wandering
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    Xubuntu Development Release

    Re: /usr/bin/ld: cannot find : No such file ... When static compiling

    These Dependentices are needed

    eBPF and Loader Compile-Time Dependencies
    • ‘clang’
    • ‘linux-headers’
    • ‘llvm’
    • ‘libbpf’
    • ‘lib32-glibc’


    Boopkit runtime dependencies
    • Linux kernel with eBPF enabled/supported
    • Ncat running on the server
    • Root access


    This pertains to eBPF: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/SecurityTeam/KnowledgeBase/BHI
    To help mitigate this new attack and to guard against any future possible privilege escalation attacks via eBPF, the ability for unprivileged users to load eBPF code into the kernel has now been disabled by default on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS 20.04 LTS, Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and Ubuntu 16.04 ESM as well.

    Admins can re-enable this ability if needed it via sysctl 7:

    Code:
    sudo sysctl kernel.unprivileged_bpf_disabled=0
    Admins can disable unprivileged eBPF until the next boot via:

    Code:
    sudo sysctl kernel.unprivileged_bpf_disabled=1
    Admins can disable it, but allow it to be re-enabled by an admin without rebooting, via:

    Code:
     sudo sysctl kernel.unprivileged_bpf_disabled=2
    To see the current status of unprivileged eBPF, do:

    Code:
     sysctl kernel.unprivileged_bpf_disabled
    A result value of 1 or 2 indicates that unprivileged eBPF is disabled.
    I thought I would just let you know if you did not already.
    With realization of one's own potential and self-confidence in one's ability, one can build a better world.
    Dalai Lama>>
    Code Tags | System-info | Forum Guide lines | Arch Linux, Debian Unstable, FreeBSD

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
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    Wheeling WV USA
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    Distro
    Xubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa

    Re: /usr/bin/ld: cannot find : No such file ... When static compiling

    did you check to verify what might be at that file location?
    Code:
    ls -dl /usr/bin/ld
    maybe there is a dangling symlink. maybe there is a file with a #! referring to a missing interpreter. maybe your /etc/ld.so.cache is out of date. many things gone weirdly wrong can cause that error message.
    Mask wearer, Social distancer, System Administrator, Programmer, Linux advocate, Command Line user, Ham radio operator (KA9WGN/8, tech), Photographer (hobby), occasional tweetXer

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