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Thread: RAID5 activation

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Oct 2020
    Beans
    110

    RAID5 activation

    I am having issues activating RAID5
    Looks as "standard" /dev/mdx changed from md0 to md123 ,
    hence I really do not know to address the array.

    Also gparted doe snot show it as mounted , hence "File" d o not see it.

    I do not have any data in the array but would prefer to fix this instead of recreating the whole mess.

    If I recall correctly there is a step, generally not covered in tutorials,
    one has to do to make sure the array is auto-mounted on boot.
    ( I am asking Mrs Google to help me find it )


    HTML Code:
      	 	 	 	   RAID5 issues  
     
     
     Build as md0  
     named  a-SATA:00
     label NEW_MD_00
     gparted “label “ is md123  
     “File” does not see it  
     it does not appear to be “mounted “ in gparted  
     
     
     
     
     a@a-SATA:~$ sudo su
     [sudo] password for a:  
     root@a-SATA:/home/a#  mdadm --detail /dev/md/a-SATA:00
     /dev/md/a-SATA:00:
             Version : 1.2
       Creation Time : Sun Oct 11 20:48:25 2020
          Raid Level : raid5
          Array Size : 204668928 (195.19 GiB 209.58 GB)
       Used Dev Size : 102334464 (97.59 GiB 104.79 GB)
        Raid Devices : 3
       Total Devices : 3
         Persistence : Superblock is persistent
     
     
         Update Time : Mon Oct 12 08:54:25 2020
               State : clean  
      Active Devices : 3
     Working Devices : 3
      Failed Devices : 0
       Spare Devices : 0
     
     
              Layout : left-symmetric
          Chunk Size : 512K
     
     
                Name : a-SATA:00  (local to host a-SATA)
                UUID : 49f4606c:d78a0b52:2e1386f4:25a96772
    
              Events : 742
    
     
     
         Number   Major   Minor   RaidDevice State
            0       8       77        0      active sync   /dev/sde13
            1       8       26        1      active sync   /dev/sdb10
    
            3     259       11        2      active sync   /dev/sdf24
     root@a-SATA:/home/a# 
       		p { margin-bottom: 0.1in; line-height: 120% }

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Nov 2012
    Location
    Halloween Town
    Beans
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    Distro
    Xubuntu Development Release

    Re: RAID5 activation

    Thread moved to Server Platforms.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Nov 2009
    Location
    Catalunya, Spain
    Beans
    14,448
    Distro
    Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver

    Re: RAID5 activation

    Post the output of the following:
    Code:
    cat /proc/mdstat
    sudo blkid
    cat /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf
    Darko.
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------
    Ubuntu 18.04 LTS 64bit

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Oct 2020
    Beans
    110

    Re: RAID5 activation

    Well, here it is…


    At this point I am ONLY interested in activating .

    ARRAY /dev/md/a-SATA:00 metadata=1.2 name=a-SATA:00 UUID=49f4606c:d78a0b52:2e1386f4:25a96772


    For unknown reasons – I build md0 and now the numbers keep changing.


    I am about to try it again from scratch , but like to know why they keep changing.


    NO, I cannot delete anything just ADD NEW for now.


    \
    Code:
    a@a-SATA:~$ cat /etc/mdadm.conf
     INACTIVE-ARRAY /dev/md127 metadata=1.2 name=jim-desktop:0 UUID=5afe531e:3c41ecd9:7057ae6e:98985049
     INACTIVE-ARRAY /dev/md126 metadata=1.2 name=z-desktop:1 UUID=2fcd6c3c:7536faa9:8eb26bcd:31243bf7
     ARRAY /dev/md/a-desktop:2 metadata=1.2 spares=2 name=a-desktop:2 UUID=3c054983:7f097201:ea7c71b7:63b6933d
     INACTIVE-ARRAY /dev/md124 metadata=1.2 name=a-desktop:4 UUID=de0c780d:10ebec5f:e4121455:e7280163
     ARRAY /dev/md/a-SATA:00 metadata=1.2 name=a-SATA:00 UUID=49f4606c:d78a0b52:2e1386f4:25a96772
     ARRAY /dev/md/a-desktop:3 metadata=1.2 name=a-desktop:3 UUID=92ea9b2e:5f6d6f5c:34b3efe6:42fb5617
     ARRAY /dev/md/b-backup:20 metadata=1.2 spares=1 name=b-backup:20 UUID=864cf55c:b312276f:fdf947c1:ed78a988
     a@a-SATA:~$
    Code:
     @a-SATA:~$ cat /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf
     # mdadm.conf
     #
     # Please refer to mdadm.conf(5) for information about this file.
     #
     
     
     # by default (built-in), scan all partitions (/proc/partitions) and all
     # containers for MD superblocks. alternatively, specify devices to scan, using
     # wildcards if desired.
     #DEVICE partitions containers
     
     
     # auto-create devices with Debian standard permissions
     CREATE owner=root group=disk mode=0660 auto=yes
     
     
     # automatically tag new arrays as belonging to the local system
     HOMEHOST <system>
     
     
     # instruct the monitoring daemon where to send mail alerts
     MAILADDR root
     
     
     # definitions of existing MD arrays
     
     
     # This file was auto-generated on Sun, 11 Oct 2020 18:38:00 -0500
     # by mkconf $Id$
    Code:
    [sudo] password for a:  
     /dev/sda1: UUID="50D6-C4E8" TYPE="vfat" PARTLABEL="EFI System Partition" PARTUUID="4f929080-5b02-4d52-a717-efffff17ed13"
     /dev/sda2: UUID="0908c266-4230-47bd-8616-d4b449666681" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="e4a93374-c613-439e-b4ea-31bf0adb4a9a"
     /dev/sda3: UUID="90d3460f-451c-4bcb-af1f-c233953efaa1" TYPE="swap" PARTUUID="d204d8b6-727d-4d7b-b4d8-a2f6c8f06b94"
     /dev/sda4: UUID="5afe531e-3c41-ecd9-7057-ae6e98985049" UUID_SUB="f61c15f1-41fc-5354-02a9-08eec56ccd93" LABEL="jim-desktop:0" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTLABEL="RAID" PARTUUID="a363cefa-ff3c-4d73-bb44-033430eb76da"
     /dev/sda5: UUID="d472b935-9961-4621-b3df-346383dcd220" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="6d428254-682d-46a1-9ef7-dec88eb45c3b"
     /dev/sda6: UUID="5afe531e-3c41-ecd9-7057-ae6e98985049" UUID_SUB="e889dd68-1c89-188c-83b2-82e41ece5d63" LABEL="jim-desktop:0" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTLABEL="RAID_ADD" PARTUUID="f4edb7ba-b24f-4e3a-bb69-f3ac04ceecbf"
     /dev/sdb1: LABEL="Photo Album SATA" UUID="00FCC333FCC321B0" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-01"
     /dev/sdb5: LABEL="Programs SATA" UUID="EC2C214A2C21115E" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-05"
     /dev/sdb6: LABEL="OpenCameraB" UUID="EED447FDD447C695" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-06"
     /dev/sdb7: LABEL="Ex Drive Co" UUID="2600E4F800E4D03B" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-07"
     /dev/sdb8: UUID="08c450c1-580d-4a28-ab8a-5e7ee20c61bd" TYPE="swap" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-08"
     /dev/sdb9: UUID="2fcd6c3c-7536-faa9-8eb2-6bcd31243bf7" UUID_SUB="02061127-2ab6-d552-5d66-88e2f5f87a62" LABEL="z-desktop:1" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-09"
     /dev/sdb10: UUID="49f4606c-d78a-0b52-2e13-86f425a96772" UUID_SUB="2de7905a-33a0-4d43-ac8d-5489dd12195d" LABEL="a-SATA:00" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-0a"
     /dev/sdc1: UUID="87e75dcc-989b-45f5-9fbd-50f66871a275" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="76197791-01"
     /dev/sdc3: UUID="5afe531e-3c41-ecd9-7057-ae6e98985049" UUID_SUB="54ff9a0e-ee53-7f1d-5ce8-7f76e3524862" LABEL="jim-desktop:0" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTUUID="76197791-03"
     /dev/sdc4: UUID="d6105472-f275-44e1-8510-0b04aaa6c648" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="76197791-04"
     /dev/sdc5: UUID="ed875091-53e8-45e7-b90b-baed276ca7cc" TYPE="swap" PARTUUID="76197791-05"
     /dev/sdc6: LABEL="OS" UUID="d9001fae-357d-4b21-aa25-5f25cab3e673" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="76197791-06"
     /dev/sdd1: UUID="CDBE-1CA9" TYPE="vfat" PARTLABEL="EFI System Partition" PARTUUID="db6b86b5-a4cc-4395-a80a-f2a4e652586a"
     /dev/sdd2: UUID="D6E9-0180" TYPE="vfat" PARTLABEL="EFI System Partition" PARTUUID="44c98307-eb14-4cd8-ab7e-3138193729a1"
     /dev/sdd3: UUID="357de9dc-1696-40db-927a-6d258aa135d7" TYPE="swap" PARTUUID="20686abe-2a33-4ed0-8064-8a62b60ce537"
     /dev/sdd4: LABEL="OS" UUID="37a90d1a-aca6-4097-95e2-12265c43b05b" TYPE="ext4" PARTLABEL="OS" PARTUUID="3c5bf40c-0302-46d6-bb8d-4970ad250a40"
     /dev/sdd5: LABEL="Photo Album" UUID="00FCC333FCC321B0" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="PHOTO_COPY" PARTUUID="ea4383cf-e6ba-4f3a-a04d-2905e3a51550"
     /dev/sdd6: UUID="dae12eb3-dd41-4262-98c3-83b3f9f8501c" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="e6666bf9-9501-4785-80dd-5741cd1dedfa"
     /dev/md125p1: LABEL="NEW_MD_00" UUID="04893c76-3018-4414-90af-bbd15646e1e8" TYPE="ext4" PARTLABEL="NEW_MD_00" PARTUUID="2f38c6f7-0079-48aa-b40a-b91cd3e26a9a"
     /dev/sde1: UUID="DBC2-3097" TYPE="vfat" PARTLABEL="EFI System Partition" PARTUUID="7149cebc-a872-4fa7-bf45-e75ea1672895"
     /dev/sde2: UUID="36b009b5-8af9-4d2a-b1ff-fda9432bb4c6" TYPE="ext4" PARTLABEL="OS" PARTUUID="81e74e90-d97e-4e90-94a9-9202874a386b"
     /dev/sde3: UUID="ab1a8eeb-e052-4bb6-92b6-4a8177c64aa0" TYPE="swap" PARTUUID="27b694ac-fdcc-43c2-a5c0-4232c8b8c897"
     /dev/sde4: UUID="3c054983-7f09-7201-ea7c-71b763b6933d" UUID_SUB="c3c3a513-7d41-75ac-402e-7a034d812f7f" LABEL="a-desktop:2" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTLABEL="RAID_MD_2" PARTUUID="d056eb7a-907d-4116-9778-6350558ac2d6"
     /dev/sde5: UUID="3c054983-7f09-7201-ea7c-71b763b6933d" UUID_SUB="75b119d9-3834-72cb-76c0-6d67e06d1bce" LABEL="a-desktop:2" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTLABEL="RAID_MD_2" PARTUUID="1f14e175-8612-4502-81c0-ef18af3f3ae9"
     /dev/sde6: UUID="64ff8813-f1b8-45ce-9d26-5c0162276335" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="41f52b07-f271-4c46-9dad-d27fa652e3f4"
     /dev/sde7: UUID="dec1667d-ed37-47ba-9887-b2d645a2ba70" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="93f71a1c-51ce-4cc2-9bf8-7c6e44797537"
     /dev/sde8: LABEL="BOOT" UUID="4d9df079-5662-4b63-a428-ccae4ae36650" TYPE="ext4" PARTLABEL="BOOT" PARTUUID="1f7e3d4f-888f-4716-bad8-e3ee4e353ef7"
     /dev/sde9: UUID="2fcd6c3c-7536-faa9-8eb2-6bcd31243bf7" UUID_SUB="5df337cb-4b34-1fbe-de6c-5f773b1e48dc" LABEL="z-desktop:1" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTLABEL="TEST_RAID_3" PARTUUID="a1f05e6b-2bef-474a-b2b1-26d73100a600"
     /dev/sde10: LABEL="Photo Album" UUID="00FCC333FCC321B0" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="PHOTO_COPY" PARTUUID="66537b42-4255-4eef-886f-7f0d54024f1f"
     /dev/sde11: UUID="3c054983-7f09-7201-ea7c-71b763b6933d" UUID_SUB="3ba50675-b7cb-81a7-1a81-d2ff440ee54e" LABEL="a-desktop:2" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTLABEL="RAID_MD_2" PARTUUID="87f3c88a-97de-4dcb-b975-72867380a9be"
     /dev/sde12: LABEL="REsume" UUID="2808D1BB08D187E8" TYPE="ntfs" PARTLABEL="OLD_RESUME" PARTUUID="eaa6938b-2fda-41b8-a307-6eaa95e594e4"
     /dev/sde13: UUID="49f4606c-d78a-0b52-2e13-86f425a96772" UUID_SUB="d26f40dd-c068-2ad1-b308-4e0e320fcd6a" LABEL="a-SATA:00" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTLABEL="NEW_MD_00" PARTUUID="ca40555a-973a-4f61-ac06-649f8bd69904"
     /dev/sde16: UUID="de0c780d-10eb-ec5f-e412-1455e7280163" UUID_SUB="efda29fa-2eb0-4d7b-be6a-947cf10bfbe5" LABEL="a-desktop:4" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTLABEL="TEST" PARTUUID="f7137d60-56d5-4bcb-be0d-e924c10c5bb0"
     /dev/sde17: UUID="3c054983-7f09-7201-ea7c-71b763b6933d" UUID_SUB="5afd7295-65cd-865d-09d7-da7fcd2bc8e8" LABEL="a-desktop:2" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTUUID="cf0ab13e-f644-4e66-a68b-f171999d0fbc"
     /dev/sde18: UUID="3c054983-7f09-7201-ea7c-71b763b6933d" UUID_SUB="bacd05d8-a498-29ad-de73-8debc40eb260" LABEL="a-desktop:2" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTUUID="24346bb5-437b-48cb-8c68-9cb73279f8b4"
     /dev/sdf1: LABEL="Photo Album" UUID="00FCC333FCC321B0" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-01"
     /dev/sdf3: LABEL="ISO" UUID="9cc8ef26-d044-4b92-a66c-9da17e8da44f" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-03"
     /dev/sdf5: LABEL="Programs" UUID="EC2C214A2C21115E" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-05"
     /dev/sdf6: LABEL="OpenCameraB" UUID="EED447FDD447C695" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-06"
     /dev/sdf7: LABEL="Ex Drive Co" UUID="2600E4F800E4D03B" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-07"
     /dev/sdf8: UUID="0822C8912019FFC8" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-08"
     /dev/sdf9: LABEL="WorkspaceRaspber" UUID="dbbd0cc9-1a8b-4844-a600-cbf501f7333c" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-09"
     /dev/sdf10: LABEL="Eclipse" UUID="e90127fc-3eb5-48a9-863c-fe06f0fe4b0e" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-0a"
     /dev/sdf11: LABEL="Alternate downlo" UUID="1bddecf0-83f9-4723-8f38-5bdf85141f61" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-0b"
     /dev/sdf12: UUID="92ea9b2e-5f6d-6f5c-34b3-efe642fb5617" UUID_SUB="fb1ce9a4-47a7-b3aa-d56b-895274c52608" LABEL="a-desktop:3" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-0c"
     /dev/sdf13: UUID="92ea9b2e-5f6d-6f5c-34b3-efe642fb5617" UUID_SUB="05b2de7b-8e5f-0c19-1482-62cca4ff2fc7" LABEL="a-desktop:3" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-0d"
     /dev/sdf14: UUID="92ea9b2e-5f6d-6f5c-34b3-efe642fb5617" UUID_SUB="bb0c1fa9-e932-85d4-fa43-69c53e8a73c5" LABEL="a-desktop:3" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-0e"
     /dev/sdf15: LABEL="QT" UUID="b8cd38cb-733a-446d-a6e1-dd3f45629c6d" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-0f"
     /dev/sdf16: UUID="bdab9244-d5f1-4d5d-8ee6-c0e891a5ceb7" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-10"
     /dev/sdf17: UUID="EB4A-7A61" TYPE="vfat" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-11"
     /dev/sdf18: UUID="6a707b8c-f7f4-4c89-b737-a99edf1d595a" TYPE="ext4" PTTYPE="dos" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-12"
     /dev/sdf19: UUID="fba73f1c-d67b-4f11-88e7-e966c7cddd9a" TYPE="swap" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-13"
     /dev/sdf20: UUID="864cf55c-b312-276f-fdf9-47c1ed78a988" UUID_SUB="9e306b67-e117-8292-9457-07a5e4065399" LABEL="b-backup:20" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-14"
     /dev/sdf21: UUID="864cf55c-b312-276f-fdf9-47c1ed78a988" UUID_SUB="9ba5bcf0-7630-0d13-b366-86d9e7ca849b" LABEL="b-backup:20" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-15"
     /dev/sdf22: UUID="864cf55c-b312-276f-fdf9-47c1ed78a988" UUID_SUB="08ca6938-5565-40c1-ac2a-d40f4149f75c" LABEL="b-backup:20" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-16"
     /dev/sdf23: LABEL="NEW_RAID_MD5" UUID="8503c859-8c86-4513-b8ce-1fd38e78f1f0" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-17"
     /dev/sdf24: UUID="49f4606c-d78a-0b52-2e13-86f425a96772" UUID_SUB="963e71cf-2773-7171-2039-62ae7bfe0cea" LABEL="a-SATA:00" TYPE="linux_raid_member" PARTUUID="c523b2bd-18"
     /dev/md124p1: LABEL="BACK_MD3" UUID="d2af4a0a-ecaa-48bc-a80c-5dae8b20e5af" TYPE="ext4" PARTLABEL="BACK_MD3" PARTUUID="aab196a9-b06c-4ecc-a5a6-69f0908a4954"
     /dev/md124p3: LABEL="DEV_MD3" UUID="506d7ca6-b09c-415b-a681-f7f71ec62513" TYPE="ext4" PARTLABEL="DEV_MD3" PARTUUID="d053ce77-69c3-49f0-b5b7-b33016a82793"
     /dev/md124p5: LABEL="DOC_MD3" UUID="92f91148-a6dd-4d06-9276-83ba2e39ec07" TYPE="ext4" PARTLABEL="DOC_MD3" PARTUUID="92fe3bcd-193a-493d-845f-32579b40aa85"
     /dev/md124p8: LABEL="MISC_COPY_MD3" UUID="922f42e6-6ab1-4cd0-bc82-2aee9868187f" TYPE="ext4" PARTLABEL="MISC_COPY_MD3" PARTUUID="123d8216-6aff-4c16-8c44-8222007d1809"
     /dev/md122p1: LABEL="ECLIPSE_BACKUP" UUID="92f91148-a6dd-4d06-9276-83ba2e39ec07" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="6a551d9f-01"
     /dev/md122p2: LABEL="DEV_MD2" UUID="506d7ca6-b09c-415b-a681-f7f71ec62513" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="6a551d9f-02"
     /dev/md122p3: LABEL="MISC_MD2" UUID="922f42e6-6ab1-4cd0-bc82-2aee9868187f" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="6a551d9f-03"
     /dev/md122p4: LABEL="BACK_TEMP_MD2" UUID="d2af4a0a-ecaa-48bc-a80c-5dae8b20e5af" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="6a551d9f-04"
     /dev/md125: PTUUID="3ffad94c-de65-4e98-a055-266fa622d366" PTTYPE="gpt"
     /dev/md124: PTUUID="14847c7f-025c-4ad2-9987-f3b55a4c3f04" PTTYPE="gpt"
     /dev/md122: PTUUID="6a551d9f" PTTYPE="dos"
     a@a-SATA:~$
    Code:
    a@a-SATA:~$ cat /proc/mdstat
     Personalities : [linear] [multipath] [raid0] [raid1] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [raid10] 
     md121 : active (auto-read-only) raid5 sdf21[1] sdf22[3] sdf20[0]
           204668928 blocks super 1.2 level 5, 512k chunk, algorithm 2 [3/2] [UU_]
            
     md122 : active raid5 sde17[4](S) sde5[1] sde18[5](S) sde4[0] sde11[3]
           204668928 blocks super 1.2 level 5, 512k chunk, algorithm 2 [3/3] [UUU]
            
     md123 : inactive sde16[4](S)
           84130816 blocks super 1.2
             
     md124 : active (auto-read-only) raid5 sdf14[3] sdf13[1] sdf12[0]
           204668928 blocks super 1.2 level 5, 512k chunk, algorithm 2 [3/3] [UUU]
            
     md125 : active raid5 sdf24[3] sde13[0] sdb10[1]
           204668928 blocks super 1.2 level 5, 512k chunk, algorithm 2 [3/3] [UUU]
            
     md126 : inactive sde9[3](S) sdb9[4](S)
           204668928 blocks super 1.2
             
     md127 : inactive sda6[3](S) sda4[1](S) sdc3[0](S)
           418872320 blocks super 1.2
             
     unused devices: <none>
     a@a-SATA:~$
    Last edited by deadflowr; October 12th, 2020 at 07:55 PM. Reason: code tags

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Nov 2009
    Location
    Catalunya, Spain
    Beans
    14,448
    Distro
    Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver

    Re: RAID5 activation

    In your /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf add the following line in the section "definition of arrays":
    Code:
    ARRAY /dev/md0  metadata=1.2  UUID=49f4606c:d78a0b52:2e1386f4:25a96772
    That should make it autoassemble on boot. In any case, when mounting try to use the UUID of the filesystem (NOT the array, they are not the same) instead of /dev/md0. That way you don't really care if it changes the mdX device name.

    Another thing, I see many /dev/mdXpY in your blkid output. Arrays are not intended to be partitioned, yet it seems you are creating partitions on them. Each array should be made of partitions with the size you need, and you format and use the array as such. You don't partition it.
    Darko.
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------
    Ubuntu 18.04 LTS 64bit

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