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Thread: Unclear high CPU usage

  1. #1
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    Unclear high CPU usage

    Hello Everyone!

    About a month ago I installed Ubuntu 20 on my laptop. Until recently it was running very smoothly. But suddenly the CPU usage became very high and started to overheat. I have no experience yet to find out why.

    It is also strange that the System Monitor shows lower maximum CPU usage than that shown by the 'top' command.

    high-cpu-usage.jpgprocesses.jpgtop.jpg

    The 'systemd-cgtop' command shows that the high CPU usage is caused by the main process.


    systemd-cgtop.png

    Please help me to solve the problem.

    Thanks!

  2. #2
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    Re: Unclear high CPU usage

    Please don't post images of text screens. Just copy/paste the text here, inside code tags. People wanting to help cannot easily copy/paste relevant parts of an image, but we can highlight parts when text is used.

    Also, without seeing the actual command used, we don't know what program and program options are being used.
    Whatever "main" is seems to be using about 40% of 1 CPU. Kill that program. main is a typical name used by a programmer who is extremely new to C programming. I don't have any programs with that name on any of my systems.

    Use top, iotop, netstat, vmstat, and the free commands to get a quick look at what's using all the CPU, RAM, networking and disk I/O on any Unix system. These are all text admin tools. Some have many different options, so depending on what you want to see, you may want to add some options.

    I like free -hm, for example. Also like netstat -tulpn |grep LISTEN|grep -v 127 to see which ports are used by services on a system. Then I'd use lsof to track down the exact program using any specific port.
    Code:
    $ netstat -tulpn |grep LISTEN|grep -v 127
    (Not all processes could be identified, non-owned process info
     will not be shown, you would have to be root to see it all.)
    tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:4713            0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      1932/pulseaudio     
    tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:111             0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      -                   
    tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:22              0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      -                   
    tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:6011            0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      -
    What's that on port 6011?

    Code:
    $ sudo lsof |grep 6011
    lsof: WARNING: can't stat() fuse.gvfsd-fuse file system /run/user/1000/gvfs
          Output information may be incomplete.
    lsof: WARNING: can't stat() fuse.gvfsd-fuse file system /run/user/114/gvfs
          Output information may be incomplete.
    sshd        2259                                tf   10u     IPv4              33591      0t0        TCP *:6011 (LISTEN)
    sshd        2259                                tf   12u     IPv4            3743804      0t0        TCP regulus:6011->localhost:34400 (ESTABLISHED)
    hexchat   135291                                tf    3u     IPv4            3743803      0t0        TCP localhost:34400->regulus:6011 (ESTABLISHED)
    hexchat   135291 135292 gmain                   tf    3u     IPv4            3743803      0t0        TCP localhost:34400->regulus:6011 (ESTABLISHED)
    hexchat   135291 135293 dconf\x20               tf    3u     IPv4            3743803      0t0        TCP localhost:34400->regulus:6011 (ESTABLISHED)
    hexchat   135291 135294 gdbus                   tf    3u     IPv4            3743803      0t0        TCP localhost:34400->regulus:6011 (ESTABLISHED)
    Ah - hexchat. That's an IRC client. Makes sense. I use IRC. BTW, localhost and regulus are the same system. Localhost resolves to 127.0.0.1 and regulus resolves to 127.0.1.1 when on the same machine. Both those addresses are not public and cannot be accessed by any other systems. The machine is talking to itself.

    After that, I check top and see hexchat isn't using any real CPU. It isn't in the first 30 CPU processes. On that system, no single process is using over 0.5% of a CPU. On a different system, Firefox is using about 10% of a CPU with spikes into the 90% range. There are also a number of virtual machines - those spike from time to time in top as needed:
    Code:
    top - 10:06:05 up 12 days, 23:53,  7 users,  load average: 0.27, 0.55, 2.64
    Tasks: 595 total,   1 running, 441 sleeping,   0 stopped,   3 zombie
    %Cpu(s): 13.9 us,  0.6 sy,  0.0 ni, 85.4 id,  0.1 wa,  0.0 hi,  0.0 si,  0.0 st
    KiB Mem : 32932596 total,  9377816 free, 16149832 used,  7404948 buff/cache
    KiB Swap:  4460540 total,  2116000 free,  2344540 used. 15338860 avail Mem 
    
      PID USER      PR  NI    VIRT    RES    SHR S  %CPU %MEM     TIME+ COMMAND             
     8784 libvirt+  20   0 4476536 2.973g   5260 S 158.3  9.5   3982:40 qemu-system-x86     
      356 libvirt+  20   0 6461848 1.204g   7920 S   2.3  3.8 437:36.64 qemu-system-x86     
     8712 libvirt+  20   0 3383920 1.843g   6856 S   0.7  5.9 196:25.07 qemu-system-x86     
     8420 libvirt+  20   0 2344368 570848   5292 S   0.3  1.7 133:03.18 qemu-system-x86     
     9037 libvirt+  20   0 2305620 1.088g   5016 S   0.3  3.5 380:11.49 qemu-system-x86     
     9242 libvirt+  20   0 6025796 0.997g   5484 S   0.3  3.2 153:25.27 qemu-system-x86     
     9338 libvirt+  20   0 2202620 371884   5948 S   0.3  1.1  88:58.30 qemu-system-x86
    Usually a VM uses less than 10% of 1 CPU, unless a request to do work comes in. Sadly, Windows VMs tend to waste more of everything. They have gotten better, but are still hogs compared to Linux VMs.

    See how I used "code tags" and highlighting to point stuff out? Can't do that with images.

  3. #3
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    Re: Unclear high CPU usage

    Quote Originally Posted by TheFu View Post
    Please don't post images of text screens. Just copy/paste the text here, inside code tags. People wanting to help cannot easily copy/paste relevant parts of an image, but we can highlight parts when text is used.
    Good point. I take note of this.

    It is very strange that the 'top' command does not show that high CPU usage.
    Code:
    top - 16:43:35 up  2:50,  1 user,  load average: 2,85, 2,70, 2,61Tasks: 254 total,   3 running, 250 sleeping,   0 stopped,   1 zombie
    %Cpu(s): 46,3 us,  9,5 sy,  0,0 ni, 43,7 id,  0,1 wa,  0,0 hi,  0,4 si,  0,0 st
    MiB Mem :  15912,3 total,  10652,0 free,   2489,0 used,   2771,3 buff/cache
    MiB Swap:   2048,0 total,   2003,5 free,     44,5 used.  12387,6 avail Mem 
    
    
        PID USER      PR  NI    VIRT    RES    SHR S  %CPU  %MEM     TIME+ COMMAND                                             
       3775 stardust  20   0   47092  12128  11480 R  20,1   0,1  30:00.74 main                                                
       3773 stardust  20   0   47092  12140  11496 S  19,6   0,1  30:00.83 main                                                
     629581 stardust  20   0 1579272 101480  63164 S   5,1   0,6   1:02.20 chrome                                              
       1501 stardust  20   0 5000432 290844 104948 S   4,7   1,8   5:07.77 gnome-shell                                         
       1121 stardust  20   0  843056  60256  41884 S   4,2   0,4   4:33.82 Xorg                                                
     629659 stardust  20   0 5651184 130224  90060 S   3,3   0,8   0:16.49 chrome                                              
       1983 stardust  20   0    7032   3568   3272 S   0,9   0,0   0:18.06 libinput-debug-                                     
       2034 stardust  20   0 1186748 690640  72372 S   0,9   4,2   1:23.00 Mailspring defa                                     
     629403 stardust  20   0 3093076 307128 132200 S   0,9   1,9   0:55.42 chrome                                              
     708644 stardust  20   0  973916  54936  40048 S   0,9   0,3   0:06.61 gnome-terminal-                                     
        267 root     -51   0       0      0      0 S   0,5   0,0   0:35.48 irq/51-DELL0786                                     
        927 root      20   0  134492  10172   9336 S   0,5   0,1   0:01.28 thermald                                            
     658354 stardust  20   0 5585384 134348  92736 S   0,5   0,8   0:09.45 chrome                                              
     850121 stardust  20   0   20608   3928   3272 R   0,5   0,0   0:00.05 top                                                 
          1 root      20   0  169076  12028   7308 S   0,0   0,1   0:12.06 systemd                                             
          2 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 kthreadd                                            
          3 root       0 -20       0      0      0 I   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 rcu_gp                                              
          4 root       0 -20       0      0      0 I   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 rcu_par_gp                                          
          9 root       0 -20       0      0      0 I   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 mm_percpu_wq                                        
         10 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:01.72 ksoftirqd/0                                         
         11 root      20   0       0      0      0 I   0,0   0,0   0:10.25 rcu_sched                                           
         12 root      rt   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.50 migration/0                                         
         13 root     -51   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 idle_inject/0                                       
         14 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 cpuhp/0                                             
         15 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 cpuhp/1                                             
         16 root     -51   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 idle_inject/1                                       
         17 root      rt   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.64 migration/1                                         
         18 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:01.54 ksoftirqd/1                                         
         21 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 cpuhp/2                                             
         22 root     -51   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 idle_inject/2                                       
         23 root      rt   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.62 migration/2                                         
         24 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:01.26 ksoftirqd/2                                         
         27 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 cpuhp/3                                             
         28 root     -51   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 idle_inject/3                                       
         29 root      rt   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.65 migration/3                                         
         30 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:01.19 ksoftirqd/3                                         
         33 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 kdevtmpfs                                           
         34 root       0 -20       0      0      0 I   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 netns                                               
         35 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.00 rcu_tasks_kthre                                     
         36 root      20   0       0      0      0 S   0,0   0,0   0:00.04 kauditd

    But 'systemd-cgtop' does:

    Code:
    Control Group                                                                       Tasks   %CPU   Memory  Input/s Output/s
    /                                                                                     806  223.2     5.1G        -        -
    init.scope                                                                              1      -     5.6M        -        -
    system.slice                                                                          102      -   454.0M        -        -
    system.slice/ModemManager.service                                                       3      -     6.7M        -        -
    system.slice/NetworkManager.service                                                     3      -    13.5M        -        -
    system.slice/accounts-daemon.service                                                    3      -     4.5M        -        -
    system.slice/acpid.service                                                              1      -   524.0K        -        -
    system.slice/avahi-daemon.service                                                       2      -     1.8M        -        -
    system.slice/bluetooth.service                                                          1      -     3.2M        -        -
    system.slice/boot-efi.mount                                                             -      -    24.0K        -        -
    system.slice/colord.service                                                             3      -    22.2M        -        -
    system.slice/cron.service                                                               1      -     2.3M        -        -
    system.slice/cups-browsed.service                                                       3      -     4.1M        -        -
    system.slice/cups.service                                                               1      -     5.4M        -        -
    system.slice/dbus.service                                                               1      -    25.4M        -        -
    system.slice/dev-hugepages.mount                                                        -      -   192.0K        -        -
    system.slice/dev-mqueue.mount                                                           -      -   112.0K        -        -
    system.slice/gdm.service                                                                3      -     6.1M        -        -
    system.slice/irqbalance.service                                                         2      -     1.4M        -        -
    system.slice/kerneloops.service                                                         2      -     1.6M        -        -
    system.slice/networkd-dispatcher.service                                                1      -    19.3M        -        -
    system.slice/polkit.service                                                             3      -     7.2M        -        -
    system.slice/rsyslog.service                                                            4      -     4.2M        -        -
    system.slice/rtkit-daemon.service                                                       3      -   824.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap-canonical\x2dlivepatch-95.mount                                       -      -   432.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap-chromium-1244.mount                                                   -      -   164.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap-chromium-1260.mount                                                   -      -   200.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap-core-9436.mount                                                       -      -   232.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap-core-9665.mount                                                       -      -   100.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap-core18-1880.mount                                                     -      -   160.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap-core18-1885.mount                                                     -      -   108.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap-gnome\x2d3\x2d34\x2d1804-24.mount                                     -      -   248.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap-gnome\x2d3\x2d34\x2d1804-36.mount                                     -      -   228.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap-gtk\x2dcommon\x2dthemes-1506.mount                                    -      -   220.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap-snap\x2dstore-433.mount                                               -      -   244.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap-snap\x2dstore-467.mount                                               -      -   260.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap-snapd-8140.mount                                                      -      -   528.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap-snapd-8542.mount                                                      -      -   276.0K        -        -
    system.slice/snap.canonical-livepatch.canonical-livepatchd.service                     14      -    27.6M        -        -
    system.slice/snapd.service                                                             21      -    91.0M        -        -
    system.slice/ssh.service                                                                1      -     2.7M        -        -
    system.slice/swapfile.swap                                                              -      -   548.0K        -        -

  4. #4
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    Re: Unclear high CPU usage

    No idea what cgtop does. Ah - we have manpages so we can look up what a command does.
    systemd-cgtop - Show top control groups by their resource usage
    That is for process containment. If you have less than 3 years of Unix experience, I'm almost positive that doesn't do anything useful for you.

    Code:
        PID USER      PR  NI    VIRT    RES    SHR S  %CPU  %MEM     TIME+ COMMAND                                             
       3775 stardust  20   0   47092  12128  11480 R  20,1   0,1  30:00.74 main                                                
       3773 stardust  20   0   47092  12140  11496 S  19,6   0,1  30:00.83 main
    Did you figure out what "main" is?
    Where is it running from?
    Which package is it part of?
    Is "main" running a network listener, i.e. a network service? Is it communicating outside the machine to other systems on the internet?

    Ask if you don't know how to determine those things. They are basic skills, but there are 50 different methods for each - except the last one. I'd guess there are only 5 ways for that.
    Last edited by TheFu; August 8th, 2020 at 04:07 PM.

  5. #5
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    Re: Unclear high CPU usage

    I did not know I should figure out what "main" is. Because my main concern is the "223.2%" CPU usage and what I see in the "Process Manager". Btw. I tried to differentiate process "/" from "main", could not figure out.

  6. #6
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    Re: Unclear high CPU usage

    Quote Originally Posted by maharramov View Post
    It is very strange that the 'top' command does not show that high CPU usage.
    Code:
    top - 16:43:35 up  2:50,  1 user,  load average: 2,85, 2,70, 2,61Tasks: 254 total,   3 running, 250 sleeping,   0 stopped,   1 zombie
    %Cpu(s): 46,3 us,  9,5 sy,  0,0 ni, 43,7 id,  0,1 wa,  0,0 hi,  0,4 si,  0,0 st
    But 'systemd-cgtop' does:

    Code:
    Control Group                                                                       Tasks   %CPU   Memory  Input/s Output/s
    /                                                                                     806  223.2     5.1G        -        -
                                                               -      -   548.0K        -        -
    Actually, they don't disagree by much. Top shows the 1 minute load average as 2.85 or 285%. The other numbers are over a much shorter interval and out of all 4 CPUs, so the total of 56.3% * 4 = 225.2% (and yes, it can be annoying, attempting to determine when stuff is listed as out of 1 CPU or out of all CPUs.)

    However, this is a digression from your real issue, which TheFu is helping with.
    Any follow-up information on your issue would be appreciated. Please have the courtesy to report back.

  7. #7
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    Re: Unclear high CPU usage

    Quote Originally Posted by maharramov View Post
    I did not know I should figure out what "main" is. Because my main concern is the "223.2%" CPU usage and what I see in the "Process Manager". Btw. I tried to differentiate process "/" from "main", could not figure out.
    I don't have anything called "process manager" on any systems here, sorry. I didn't remove it, so it isn't a default for all flavors of Ubuntu.

    / isn't a process. It is a control group inherited from the initial shell. We care about processes. Multiple processes can be put into the same control group and I'd assume that any process not put into a specific control group would be in the / cgroup. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cgroups Windows doesn't have anything like this to my knowledge.

    The process using the CPU is "main".

  8. #8
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    Re: Unclear high CPU usage

    One way to find out about a particular process would be to see what your system says about that process. Since one of the instances you've shown has a Process ID of 3775, we'll go with that for the example.

    Code:
    cat /proc/3775/cmdline
    will show the command line that was used to spawn process 3775. The files in /proc aren't really files, but you can use programs - like cat - as if they were files.
    None but ourselves can free our minds

  9. #9
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    Re: Unclear high CPU usage

    Thanks Catkiller, your suggestion solved my problem. It was the Mailspring application.
    Sorry my late reply. I was busy with daily responsibilities.

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