After I resized my persistence file to 30gb on my USB, I restarted my computer but before the little man and the keyboard could come up, I got an error that said:
SYSLINUX 4.07 EDD 2013-07-25 Copyright (C) 1994-2013 H. Peter Anvin et al

I'm no expert at Ubuntu, nor do I claim to be so please understand most of my answer will be a tad bit dumbed down.
  • Universal USB Installer - Success
  • Sandisk 2.0 32GB USB - Formatted successfully (no idea what to, I think it was NTFS)
  • Ubuntu 13.10 32-bit

After I followed:
Step by step, I'm unable to boot into anything involving this drive. I can't even open the disk from Explorer on Windows (I'm not sure if it's just the computer, or if it's the USB, I'll update this post later if I can get it working).

I'd be glad to answer any questions that'll help me get my drive working again, I'm not even opposed to re-formatting it.

Thanks to anyone and everyone who can help!