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Thread: authorized_keys in ubuntu 12.04 server

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Aug 2010

    authorized_keys in ubuntu 12.04 server

    I am trying to configure gitolite but one of the first steps is to create a private/public key pair on my local machine then copy it down to the root's ~/.ssh folder. I successfully created the two keys and used the scp command to copy the .pub file to the server. The second step is to go to the server and copy that pub key to the gitolite .ssh folder.

    Problem is I can't find the .ssh folder in either the gitolite or my root folder.

    To be somewhat clearer, when I say "root folder" I'm talking about my default server user which I configured when I installed the server. That user is bobt. Here are the steps I took:

    on my local machine I generated the two key files:
    ssh-keygen -t rsa -f gitolite

    this generated 2 files called gitolite and

    Next I used scp to copy these files to my server:

    scp bobt@myserver

    I got no error when this completed.

    Next I went to the server and logged in with my default account of bobt

    I did a change directory to get to my home folder.

    from here I did an ls to see what was there:

    ls -l -a

    but all I get is:

    bobt@datv:~$ bobt@datv:~$ ls -l -a
    total 36
    drwxr-xr-x 4 bobt bobt 4096 Jun 9 23:33 .
    drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 4096 Jun 9 23:00 ..
    -rw------- 1 bobt bobt 1743 Jun 9 22:49 .bash_history
    -rw-r--r-- 1 bobt bobt 220 Jun 9 17:49 .bash_logout
    -rw-r--r-- 1 bobt bobt 3486 Jun 9 17:49 .bashrc
    drwx------ 2 bobt bobt 4096 Jun 9 17:50 .cache
    -rw-r--r-- 1 bobt bobt 675 Jun 9 17:49 .profile
    drwxr-xr-x 2 bobt bobt 4096 Jun 9 22:35 .vim
    -rw------- 1 root root 3572 Jun 9 23:33 .viminfo

    there is no .ssh folder to be found.
    So, where did the file go that I copied with the scp?

    When I installed the server I answered "NO" to the question that came up asking if I wanted to encrypt the home directory. But, this is acting as if the HOME DIrectory is encrypted. How do I tell if it is? Or do I have to create the .ssh folder underneath in the first place?


  2. #2
    Join Date
    Dec 2007

    Re: authorized_keys in ubuntu 12.04 server

    The .ssh folder is created when you SSH from the server to another computer.

    When using scp, you need to specify a destination folder:
    scp bobt@myserver:/path/to/folder/
    To get to the root folder,
    sudo su
    then type in your password. You'll end up in the root account. Then:
    cd ~
    to get to root's home folder. SSH from root to another computer to create the .ssh folder for root. Then create the authorized_keys file:
    cat /path/to/ > /root/.ssh/authorized_keys

    Sorry didn't read your post carefully enough. SSH out from your bobt account on your server to create the .ssh folder. Then:
    scp bobt@myserver:/home/bobt/.ssh/
    Now on the server, use the .pub file to create the authorized_keys file:
    cat /home/bobt/.ssh/ > /home/bobt/.ssh/authorized_keys
    Last edited by newbie-user; June 11th, 2013 at 05:08 PM. Reason: Didn't understand original post.


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