So now I am officially giving up on this device, just cannot get it to work together with graphics. What I did to almost get it to work was:

  1. Install kernel 3.8.0-030800-generic as instructed here:
  2. Download compat-drivers from
  3. Open compat-drivers-3.8-1/drivers/net/wireless/rtlwifi/rtl8192cu/sw.c
  4. Go to line 356 and change
    {RTL_USB_DEVICE(0x2001, 0x3309, rtl92cu_hal_cfg)}, /*D-Link-Alpha*/
    {RTL_USB_DEVICE(0x2001, 0x330d, rtl92cu_hal_cfg)}, /*D-Link-Alpha*/
  5. Go to compat-drivers root directory and install from source with
    make && sudo make install

After rebooting and starting the recovery mode, start network (that takes quite some time). Then select root console and play aroud with modprobe, iwcofig and iwlist. But now I am giving up and going to try to find another usb adapter.

Do you have any suggestions on usb-wifi-dongles that just work?