Re: Have I got it installed incorrectly? Screenshots
All I can see are partitions, I can't see the contents of them.
It looks like you've formatted a partition on your SSD for the actual operating system (/), and formatted a large partition on your hard disk for your user documents (/home). You've also got some swap. That's all fine so far; all the sizes are okay. You have, however, left a fair bit of empty unallocated space on the SSD. You might want to at least resize the / partition upwards to fill the SSD so you've got extra usable space should you need it.
I can't see if you have actually put / onto the SSD or /home onto the hard disk. I can't see if you've installed Ubuntu at all. You've obviously booted from a live CD so it seems you haven't installed Ubuntu, or it's not working.
From what I can see, everything is fine. What's not letting you boot into Ubuntu?
I try to treat the cause, not the symptom. I avoid the terminal in instructions, unless it's easier or necessary. My instructions will work within the Ubuntu system, instead of breaking or subverting it. Those are the three guarantees to the helpee.