If UEFI will not show Ubuntu I do not know what else to try. There are some defective UEFIs.
Lenovo ThinkCentre M92p only boots Windows or Redhat.
Intel 4000 just works for most, but some need other settings. Intel only has one driver for all versions.
I do not know if this applies to the new one like yours.
Force Intel Video mode as boot parameter in grub menu
and if that doesn't work you can try
This also was for an older Intel
if you've got an intel graphics card, then the usual fix is to either add i915.modeset=1 or i915.modeset=0 to your boot
Asus i3 with Intel graphics,
"video=1280x1024-24@75" or whatever native resolution is