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Thread: Step by step learning to format everything and re-install from scratch

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Sep 2012
    Beans
    22

    Step by step learning to format everything and re-install from scratch

    Hi

    As a complete beginner I realize that I cannot understand everything well without trying to do everything myself from the beginning.

    My project is first to help myself to learn and then to help some other people like me, just because I dare not doing a lot of things thnking they will "damage" my system.

    So, I will format everything and start from scratch, with all your helps to avoid me to do something wrong.


    I just bought a new laptop with Ubuntu already installed from factory , and I want to learn to use Linux and Ubuntu on it...
    but I dare not doing things...

    MY PROJECT :

    Now I decide to format everything and reinstall Ubuntu and other systems :

    My laptop is :
    ASUS 1225C-GRY004U -- 11.6" LED screen
    initially with Ubuntu 12.04 installed
    CPU :Intel Atom N2600 / 1.6 GHz
    HDD : 500 Go
    Mem : 2 Go DDR3 Sdram
    Graphic Proc : Intel GMA 3600


    ---------------------------------
    1) Install four systems
    windows 7 + Ubuntu 12.04 + Debian + other system

    2) configuring Grub2 for a quad boot, changing wallpaper Grub2 and color fonts

    3) learn to mount, install everything from the beginning

    4) configuring and customizing Ubuntu
    ----------------------------------

    For the first step
    I plan to make partitions of my 500 Go HDD

    win 7 : one main partition NTFS + one partition for data ( 100 Go + 70 Go ? what do you think ?)

    ubuntu : 3 partitions : Root , Home and Swap (which sizes ?)

    Debian : 2 partitions : / and home , share the same swap partition

    One other Linux distro (for testing purpose) : same as debian...

    So please give me all your advices ... before I format and wipe everything from my new laptop
    Last edited by cp2819; September 27th, 2012 at 09:36 AM.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Jun 2007
    Beans
    322

    Re: Step by step learning to format everything and re-install from scratch

    The first thing to do would be to use Clonezilla and make a whole disk backup of the factory install on an external HD.
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  3. #3
    Join Date
    Sep 2012
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    22

    Re: Step by step learning to format everything and re-install from scratch

    ok I will install clonezilla and make a backup of the wholedisk

    when I type
    fdisk -l

    I see 3 partitions

    /dev/sda1 hidden partition W95 FAT32
    /dev/sda2 Linux
    /dev/sda3 swap


    I have another little problem
    all the texts in Terminal are not in English
    because my native language is not English and my laptop is not configured in English

    Is it possible to have those texts in English (to post here ) when my configured langiage is not English on my laptop ?

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Aug 2005
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    6,029

    Re: Step by step learning to format everything and re-install from scratch

    Keep in mind that you can only create 4 primary partitions on a hard drive so you would need to create a extended partition if you need more than 4 primary partitions.

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Sep 2012
    Beans
    22

    Re: Step by step learning to format everything and re-install from scratch

    what do you suggest ? and what size for each partition ?

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Sep 2012
    Beans
    22

    Re: Step by step learning to format everything and re-install from scratch

    win 7 :
    100 Go primary : system
    50 Go extended : data win 7

    ubuntu :
    100 Go primary : root
    40 Go extended : home

    debian :
    70 Go primary : root
    40 Go extended : home

    other system linux for testing
    50 Go primary : root
    40 Go extended : home

    2 Go : swap


    any comment, suggestion or advice ?

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Nov 2008
    Location
    Cape Town, South Africa
    Beans
    124
    Distro
    Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin

    Re: Step by step learning to format everything and re-install from scratch

    Hi,

    You may not need so much space for / (root) partition. It stores the system files and the various programs and libraries that you install. Less than half of what you've allocated currently would be ample.

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Nov 2008
    Location
    Cape Town, South Africa
    Beans
    124
    Distro
    Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin

    Re: Step by step learning to format everything and re-install from scratch

    I have partitioned my laptop as follows:

    / - 40 GB (includes /usr)
    /opt - 20 GB
    /home - 270 GB (or as big as you can spare)
    /data - 280 GB (for storing my work)
    swap - 6 GB
    Last edited by davidbilla; September 27th, 2012 at 03:36 PM. Reason: Modified partition sizes...

  9. #9
    Join Date
    Oct 2008
    Location
    /var/log/uk :-)
    Beans
    223
    Distro
    Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin

    Re: Step by step learning to format everything and re-install from scratch

    I would let the installers sort out the partitioning of the hard drive, me personally I would install Windows 7 first, then Debian and then Ubuntu.

  10. #10
    Join Date
    Jul 2007
    Location
    Magic City of the Plains
    Beans
    Hidden!
    Distro
    Xubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus

    Re: Step by step learning to format everything and re-install from scratch

    My root partition is 25GB, and it's never gone over 20GB actually being used.

    Linux is perfectly happy on an extended logical partition (including swap), so you really don't need to use so many primaries.

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