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Thread: Howto make USB boot drives

  1. #881
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    mkusb-plug version 2.5.5

    In the developing Focal Fossa, to be released as 20.04 LTS, the default label of the partition for persistence is changed from casper-rw to writable. This is implemented in mkusb-plug version 2.5.5, (which is bundled with mkusb version 12.4.3 in the PPA).

  2. #882
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    I think that I had problems using "writable" and "home-rw" partitions on the same mkusb Focal drive, "casper-rw" still worked with "home-rw" partitions.

    Edit
    I made another 20.04 Persistent drive using mkusb 12.4.3 and defaults. I relabeled the "casper-rw" folder to "writable". I reformatted the usbdata partition as ext4 an labeled it home-rw. Everything seems to work same as with casper-rw + home-rw partitions.

    I like how you have mkusb-plug working, much better than running scripts.
    Last edited by C.S.Cameron; March 4th, 2020 at 11:41 AM.

  3. #883
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    Quote Originally Posted by C.S.Cameron View Post
    I think that I had problems using "writable" and "home-rw" partitions on the same mkusb Focal drive, "casper-rw" still worked with "home-rw" partitions.

    Edit
    I made another 20.04 Persistent drive using mkusb 12.4.3 and defaults. I relabeled the "casper-rw" folder to "writable". I reformatted the usbdata partition as ext4 an labeled it home-rw. Everything seems to work same as with casper-rw + home-rw partitions.
    Thanks for testing and verifying that "writable" works with "home-rw"

    As you notice I have not yet implemented checking for 20.04 in mkusb-dus.

    I implemented checking for 20.04 to use the label 'writable' in mkusb-plug in order to be prepared to offer an early working solution, if the casper bug #1863672 won't be fixed. We suspect that there is a race condition in some computers, and such bugs are difficult to fix. See comment #25 and the following comments of that bug report.

    If necessary (in April), I intend to implement checking for 20.04 in mkusb-dus and make it create the label 'writable' too.

    I like how you have mkusb-plug working, much better than running scripts.
    Please describe how you use mkusb-plug (how it is working better for you than mkusb-dus, if that is what you mean).

  4. #884
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    I just meant that picking the mkusb-plug item off the mkusb menu is easier than running the mkusb-plug scripts.
    Nothing is better for making a Persistent flashdrive than mkusb-dus.

  5. #885
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    mkusb version 12.4.4, 12.4.4-1ubuntu2,3,4,5

    mkusb 12.4.4
    - dus-persistent: grub-n-iso: label for persistence in focal fossa 'writable' (but still 'casper-rw' in older versions)

    mkusb 12.4.4-1ubuntu2
    - mkusb-plug 2.6.0: get_action: added action to make Windows installer
    - mkusb-tow 'TO Windows': new shellscript that does the work for mkusb-plug (to make Windows installer)
    mkusb 12.4.4-1ubuntu3
    - mkusb-tow: main: fixed buggy command for targsiz
    mkusb - 12.4.4-1ubuntu4
    - mkusb-tow: wf_cleanup: made to work correctly in text mode (bugfix)
    mkusb - 12.4.4-1ubuntu5
    - mkusb-plug: mkusb-sedd and mkusb-tow: several minor bugfixes after testing in xubuntu focal in order to make things work in systems like xubuntu focal, that automatically mounts partitions that are created and after partprobe.

    mkusb version 12 alias dus calls dus-persistent and its new version checks for the version of Ubuntu in the iso file and selects file name or partition label 'writable' for focal fossa (20.04 LTS) and 'casper-rw' for the previous versions.

    mkusb-plug calls mkusb-tow 'TO Windows', which is developed from iso2usb/diy/windows-installer-for-big-files, mkusb-tow can manage current Windows 10 iso files with a file 'install.wim', that exceeds 4 GiB.

    mkusb-tow uses zenity when available, but it can also work as a stand-alone tool in text mode (but mkusb-plug needs graphics mode and zenity).



    Unstable 1: You get/update this new version of mkusb from the unstable PPA via the following commands

    Code:
    sudo add-apt-repository universe     # this line only for standard Ubuntu
    
    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mkusb/unstable
    sudo apt update
    sudo apt install mkusb           # to install
    # sudo apt full-upgrade          # upgrade to current version (with all other upgrades), only for installed systems
    
    sudo apt install mkusb guidus dus mkusb-common  # to upgrade all mkusb basic components including dus
    
    sudo apt install usb-pack-efi    # for persistent live drives that work in UEFI and BIOS mode with 32-bit iso files
    You get only the version dus (alone or with guidus) via one of the following commands (if you don't care about mkusb-11, mkusb-nox, mkusb-bas)

    Code:
    sudo apt install dus
    sudo apt install guidus
    You get only the version mkusb-plug via [the update command and] the following command,

    Code:
    sudo apt update
    sudo apt install mkusb-plug
    Unstable 2: This new version of mkusb might also be available via this link: mkusb/gui#from_phillw.net.
    Unstable 3: There are tarballs with only dus and guidus (mkusb version 12) as a last alternative.



    Stable: mkusb version 12.4.4 is in the stable PPA. The policy is to test mkusb for a long time and in several environments before it is uploaded to the stable PPA (unless there are minor tweaks or bug-fixes).

    You get/update this version via the following commands

    Code:
    sudo add-apt-repository universe      # this line only for standard Ubuntu
    
    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mkusb/ppa
    sudo apt update
    sudo apt install mkusb            # to install
    # sudo apt full-upgrade           # upgrade to current version (with all other upgrades), only for installed systems
    
    sudo apt install usb-pack-efi     # for persistent live drives that work in UEFI and BIOS mode with 32-bit iso files
    You get only the version dus (alone or with guidus) via one of the following commands (if you don't care about mkusb-11, mkusb-nox, mkusb-bas)

    Code:
    sudo apt install dus
    sudo apt install guidus
    You get only the version mkusb-plug via [the update command and] the following command,

    Code:
    sudo apt update
    sudo apt install mkusb-plug
    Usually there is drive space enough to install all the following mkusb packages explicitly:

    Code:
    sudo apt update
    sudo apt install mkusb guidus mkusb-plug usb-pack-efi

    Please notice that if you have already installed mkusb-plug or dus/guidus from a tarball, you had better remove that version when you install via PPA. The advantage with the PPA version is that it gets updated/upgraded automatically along with other program packages that are installed from the Ubuntu repositories.
    Last edited by sudodus; April 15th, 2020 at 05:22 PM. Reason: mkusb - 12.4.4-1ubuntu2,3,4,5; 12.4.4 in the stable PPA

  6. #886
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    Just to clear my mind, I understand mkusb-plug is now part of guidus - install - Live-only.
    I am a little confused as I do not see the name mkusb-plug anywhere.

  7. #887
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    Sorry for the confusion:

    mkusb-plug is a program package, that can be installed via the mkusb PPA (ppa:mkusb/ppa and ppa:mkusb/unstable). It is [stlll?] loosely tied to the main mkusb package.

    guidus is another program package, that can be installed via the mkusb PPA (ppa:mkusb/ppa and ppa:mkusb/unstable). It is closer tied to the main mkusb package.

    So in order to get the main mkusb system and add mkusb-plug, you install both of them
    Code:
    sudo apt update
    sudo apt install mkusb mkusb-plug
    Last edited by sudodus; March 21st, 2020 at 10:03 AM.

  8. #888
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    Good yes, I've done that, but how do I start mkusb-plug? Is there a icon that I can select?
    I am used to running the mkusb-plug script, I missed the part about running the latest version.

  9. #889
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    1. I am testing right now, and I have found a silly but bad bug in mkusb-tow, that is used by mkusb-plug to make a Windows installer. I am testing now after fixing that bug, and later today I intend to upload a new version.

    2. You can start mkusb-plug

    - Directly from command line: mkusb-plug
    - From the script mkusb (in command line)
    - From the start menu or if gnome, the tool that shows the GUI applications (I don't know the name of that tool)
    - In a file browser by right-clicking on an iso file and selecting mkusb-plug

    Edit: mkusb 12.4.4-1ubuntu4 with a bugfix is uploaded to ppa:mkusb/unstable now. An additional bugfix made mkusb-tow work also in text mode (as a stand-alone tool) while mkusb-plug needs graphics and zenity.
    Last edited by sudodus; March 21st, 2020 at 08:04 PM.

  10. #890
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    I found my mkusb-plug icon, thank you.
    2.6.0 works great but I get: Oops Something has gone wrong log out, a few times, but it runs okay after.
    When shutting down I get ... Access beyond end of device, scrolling for five to ten minutes.
    When quitting mkusb12.4.4 it now has message: Please remove the installation medium then press enter.
    I do not recall this from some previous versions.

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