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Thread: Howto make USB boot drives

  1. #871
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    Revamping the old help page help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/FromUSBStick

    Please have a look at the following web page,

    help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/FromUSBStick/tmp

    'tmp' because I am in the process of revamping the old help page to make it easier to use.

    Any feedback is welcome - Is the tmp page

    - easy or difficult to understand?
    - good or bad that there are sub-pages instead of one big page?
    - what should be added?
    - what might be modified?
    - what should be left as in the original page?
    ...

  2. #872
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    Thank you

  3. #873
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    Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver

    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    Attached quick review of Installation/FromUSBStick/tmp for discussion. (I hope)
    Some items may be unpractical.

  4. #874
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    Some minor details for discussion, otherwise looks ready to post.

  5. #875
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    Quote Originally Posted by C.S.Cameron View Post
    Some minor details for discussion, otherwise looks ready to post.
    1. My intention was to have details like download links in the sub-page (in order to keep to main page as small and clean as possible). But you prefer to have that information in the main page. Do you think that many users will not enter into the sub-pages, so that it is important to have all really important data in the main page?

    2. The rendering of spaces between lines of bullet lists may differ between browsers. The software for the Ubuntu help pages privides this style (and I think it looks better than what happens when I try to add extra space).
    Last edited by sudodus; 4 Weeks Ago at 10:10 AM. Reason: typo fixed

  6. #876
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    The help page help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/FromUSBStick is revamped now

    After getting help with some details by @C.S.Cameron, the revamped help page is ready for pubiishing.

    Please browse to help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/FromUSBStick and its sub-pages (those links are in the green blocks of text).

    If you find anything that needs improvements or if something should be added or removed, do not hesitate. Let me know now.



    You can find the old page at help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/FromUSBStick-old

  7. #877
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    mkusb-plug can be started like any graphical program now

    With version 2.4.1, now upgraded to version 2.4.4, there is a desktop file 'mkusb-plug.desktop', so you can start mkusb-plug

    - like any other graphical program

    - but also from a terminal window according to the help text
    Code:
     $ mkusb-plug -h
     Tool to create boot drive, typically a live USB drive
     Usage:    mkusb-plug [source file]
     Examples:
               mkusb-plug linux.iso           # make live drive
               mkusb-plug linux.img           # clone image file
               mkusb-plug ubuntu-19.10+.iso   # make persistent live
               mkusb-plug debian-10+.iso      # make persistent live
               mkusb-plug -v                  # version
               mkusb-plug -h                  # help
    The terminal window will serve as console for the program.



    Edit:

    'Like any other graphical program' means

    - via the menu or other way to access programs graphical desktop programs (depending on the desktop environment)

    - via right-clicking on an iso file
    . select 'Open with ...'
    . expand 'System Tools' and select mkusb-plug

    The next time you can expect the desktop environment to remember your choice, so that it will be easier to select mkusb-plug.
    Last edited by sudodus; 3 Weeks Ago at 09:26 AM. Reason: new version uploaded, better fit to work via graphical user interface

  8. #878
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    mkusb version 12.4.0, 12.4.1, 12.4.2

    mkusb 12.4.0
    - dus: p_lisdz: quoting array variables, kudos to Jonathan Starnes, in Launichpad bug report #1731359.

    mkusb 12.4.1
    - dus-persistent & dus-restore: parted set partition type FAT32 (fixes a minor (cosmetic) bug)
    - new package mkusb-plug added to the PPA

    mkusb 12.4.2
    - dus: p_menudz: wider menus for zenity and dialog
    - dus: p_target: red warning about size also for dialog and text
    - dus: p_list: line 1294: redirected error output to /dev/null
    - mkusb-select: added menu entry for mkusb-plug
    - mkusb package: debian/control: moved mkusb-plug to recommends because in Xenial mkusb-plug cannot edit the partition table after cloning

    Please notice that

    +: mkusb-plug works and can be installed via PPA in Ubuntu 18.04.x LTS and newer versions.

    +: mkusb-plug can create persistent live drives for Ubuntu 19.10 and newer versions.

    0: mkusb-plug works in Ubuntu 16.04.x LTS, but cannot be installed via PPA because the available version of the partitioning tool fdisk is packaged in a deprecated way. But you can install mkusb in 16.04.x from a tarball.

    -: mkusb-plug does not work in Ubuntu 15.10 and older versions. Use mkusb-dus (or mkusb-bas if it is a very old version).

    Code:
    $ mkusb -v                   # alias mkusb-select -v
    mkusb-dus:  dus 12.4.2
    mkusb-plug: mkusb-plug 2.5.0
    mkusb-nox:  mkusb-nox 11.1.9
    mkusb-bas:  mkusb version 7.4.3
    mkusb-11:   mkusb 11.2.2


    Unstable 1: You get/update this new version of mkusb from the unstable PPA via the following commands

    Code:
    sudo add-apt-repository universe     # this line only for standard Ubuntu
    
    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mkusb/unstable
    sudo apt update
    sudo apt install mkusb           # to install
    # sudo apt full-upgrade          # upgrade to current version (with all other upgrades), only for installed systems
    
    sudo apt install mkusb guidus dus mkusb-common  # to upgrade all mkusb basic components including dus
    
    sudo apt install usb-pack-efi    # for persistent live drives that work in UEFI and BIOS mode with 32-bit iso files
    You get only the version dus (alone or with guidus) via one of the following commands (if you don't care about mkusb-11, mkusb-nox, mkusb-bas)

    Code:
    sudo apt install dus
    sudo apt install guidus
    You get only the version mkusb-plug via [the update command and] the following command,

    Code:
    sudo apt update
    sudo apt install mkusb-plug
    Unstable 2: This new version of mkusb might also be available via this link: mkusb/gui#from_phillw.net.
    Unstable 3: There are tarballs with only dus and guidus (mkusb version 12) as a last alternative.



    Stable: mkusb version 12.4.2 is in the stable PPA. The policy is to test mkusb for a long time and in several environments before it is uploaded to the stable PPA (unless there are minor tweaks or bug-fixes).

    You get/update this version via the following commands

    Code:
    sudo add-apt-repository universe      # this line only for standard Ubuntu
    
    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mkusb/ppa
    sudo apt update
    sudo apt install mkusb            # to install
    # sudo apt full-upgrade           # upgrade to current version (with all other upgrades), only for installed systems
    
    sudo apt-get install usb-pack-efi     # for persistent live drives that work in UEFI and BIOS mode with 32-bit iso files
    You get only the version dus (alone or with guidus) via one of the following commands (if you don't care about mkusb-11, mkusb-nox, mkusb-bas)

    Code:
    sudo apt install dus
    sudo apt install guidus
    You get only the version mkusb-plug via [the update command and] the following command,

    Code:
    sudo apt update
    sudo apt install mkusb-plug
    Please notice that if you have already installed mkusb-plug or dus/guidus from a tarball, you had better remove that version when you install via PPA. The advantage with the PPA version is that it gets updated/upgraded automatically along with other program packages that are installed from the Ubuntu repositories.
    Last edited by sudodus; 1 Week Ago at 09:55 PM. Reason: 12.4.2 in the stable; 12.4.2 in unstable

  9. #879
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    Testing mkusb in Focal Fossa

    I have been testing various versions of mkusb in the developing Ubuntu version Focal Fossa, and can summarize the current status.

    - mkusb works in Focal Fossa - can create working boot drives.

    - mkusb can create working boot drives from Focal Fossa iso files.



    Issues, that I think is related to the new version of grub, 2.04.

    - It has been noticed earlier, that there are problems with 'grub-n-iso' alias iso-boot, to boot via grub 2.04 into an iso file.

    - mkusb-dus has a problem with persistent live drives in UEFI mode. They boot, but directly into a persistent live system. I have not found a way for it to stay at the menu to let the user select according to the menuentries. This happens in one of my computers, a Toshiba laptop bought 2013. But the same persistent live drives work correctly in UEFI mode with two other (and newer) laptop computers, a Dell and a Lenovo.

    There is a workaround for these problems: select usb-pack-efi in the settings menu. Then old grub files are used (version 2.02) and things work as they should.

    This does not affect [persistent live drives made by] mkusb-plug. It means that we should be able to find what makes the difference and fix the problem.
    Last edited by sudodus; 2 Weeks Ago at 08:57 PM. Reason: minor edit

  10. #880
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    Re: Howto make USB boot drives

    Rufus 3.9 can make good persistent live drives of Ubuntu 19.10 and newer versions

    Rufus is a well-known tool that can use this new feature in Ubuntu 19.10. Be sure to use Rufus 3.9 or a newer version:

    - works well to create live-only drives with all current Ubuntu versions,

    - can create persistent live drives of Ubuntu 19.10 and future versions. Please upgrade to version 3.9 (or newer), which creates a good ext3 file system and can make good persistent live drives. (Rufus 3.8 had an experimental feature for persistence and created a buggy ext3 file system.)

    - Please read the changelog at the web site, and the warnings (pop-up windows), they can help you avoid serious mistakes.

    Edit: We may have to wait a while for Rufus 3.9
    Last edited by sudodus; 1 Week Ago at 10:29 AM.

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