Have you tried different kernel boot options such as
Originally Posted by GRobLewis
i915.modeset=1 or i915.modeset=0
remove splash from the boot line
add vga=xxx, where xxx is a valid decimal VESA mode for your card... also set the GFXMODE to that same resolution...
2 workarounds for your card-->
GRUB_GFXPAYLOAD_LINUX=text # (by adding that line /etc/default/grub and running update-grub) and remove the "splash" boot switch from the kernel boot line. That switch has known problems with your card...
Please use posts 1 and 3 of this sticky for instructions and reference:
Sticky: [all variants] Graphics Resolution- Upgrade /Blank Screen after reboot
Once you get the kernel to boot and get to a text console... If you have hwinfo installed (you should if not) then
Then you can use the results to find a shared graphics mode that matches between your monitor and GPU... and use those results (will give a hex value for each mode to use in vga=).
sudo hwinfo --framebuffer
sudo hwinfo --monitor
Edit-- Use post 3 of that sticky for instructions on how to change and edit the kernel boot options on the LiveCD... Use these options in "TRY" mode of the LiveCD to see if you can get the graphics to run succesfully.