AHA (sort of)! Apparently the issue is that I am specifically working with an audio cd.

I am gathering that Movie DVD's will have issues of there own as well.

But when working with a regular Data Disc (specifically puppy linux 525) I had NONE OF THE DESCRIBED ORIGINAL ISSUES.

Disk Dump works, Brasero works, Infrarecorder works (under wine).

Now I just have to figure out how to work around this audio cd business... I suppose I can mark this thread as solved as I can in fact copy a cd to ISO file now, just not ANY cd.