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Thread: [Boot-Repair] Graphical tool to repair the PC boot in one click

  1. #1251
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    Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus

    Re: [Boot-Repair] Graphical tool to repair the PC boot in 1 click!

    @jaemo
    You used lvm on the install in sda. I do not really know lvm. Did you want full disk encryption and that is why you used lvm?
    The standard desktop install does not have the lvm drivers. I think if you install the lvm2 drive in your install in sdb, (maybe mount the / partition) then os-prober will find the install in sda.
    I would install the grub2 boot loader for the install in sdb to the MBR to sdb. And when booting sda, install its boot loader into sda. Then each drive can boot without the other.
    From sdb install:
    sudo apt-get install lvm2
    sudo grub-install /dev/sdb

    sudo update-grub

    If you boot into sda, then
    sudo grub-install /dev/sda

    sudo update-grub

    Then you can set BIOS to boot which ever install you boot the most, but should be able to boot either one from either grub.
    For more info on UEFI boot install & repair - Regularly Updated :
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2147295
    Please use Thread Tools above first post to change to [Solved] when/if answered completely.

  2. #1252
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    Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus

    Re: [Boot-Repair] Graphical tool to repair the PC boot in 1 click!

    @OldPCisBroken
    You show no Linux partition, your Windows partition looks tiny and you have overlapping partitions.

    /dev/sda1 overlaps with /dev/sda2
    /dev/sda1 overlaps with /dev/sda5
    The start of sda1 also is way into drive as if you have a lot of space at beginning of drive, but first partition is sda1.

    You might try testdisk and see what it says.
    repairs including testdisk info & links
    http://members.iinet.net.au/~herman546/p21.html
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Da...st%20Partition

    Instructions
    http://www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/TestDisk_Step_By_Step
    http://www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/Menu_Analyse
    For more info on UEFI boot install & repair - Regularly Updated :
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2147295
    Please use Thread Tools above first post to change to [Solved] when/if answered completely.

  3. #1253
    Join Date
    Jun 2013
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    2

    Exclamation Re: [Boot-Repair] Graphical tool to repair the PC boot in 1 click!

    I need immediate help!!! tried installing ubuntu 13.04 on my laptop via LiveUSB. install was successful, but could not boot ubuntu. ran boot repair reccomended repair and now i can't boot at all. this is the link boot repair gave me. http://paste.ubuntu.com/5813560/

    please if anyone can help me it would be greatly appreciated. i have college assignments due at midnight and i am without a computer!!!!! im only able to send this email via the LiveUSB.....

  4. #1254
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    Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus

    Re: [Boot-Repair] Graphical tool to repair the PC boot in 1 click!

    @jester1591
    All you boot files look correct. Are you booting in UEFI mode?
    Did you turn off fast boot (hibernation) and secure boot? Windows sometimes will only boot with secure boot on. You have installed the secure boot signed versions of grub & kernels.

    Boot-Repair is saying your Windows is in an unsafe state. You must not have turned hibernation off. That often corrupts Windows and you need the Windows repair flash drive.

    Windows 8 UEFI repair USB must be FAT32
    http://www.eightforums.com/tutorials...ndows-8-a.html
    http://social.msdn.microsoft.com/For...-166dddf32205/
    http://www.ghacks.net/2012/11/01/how...m-repair-disc/


    Fast Startup off/hibernation
    http://www.eightforums.com/tutorials...ndows-8-a.html
    Force removal of hiberfil from Ubuntu
    http://www.hecticgeek.com/2013/01/mo...u-hybrid-boot/


    WARNING for Windows 8 Dual-Booters
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1953674
    It defaults shutdown to a hybrid hibernation/off state for fast boot
    http://www.kapilarya.com/how-to-enab...p-in-windows-8
    But then files may be corrupted similar to Windows 7 Hibernation:
    http://ubuntu-with-wubi.blogspot.ca/...rid-sleep.html
    http://superuser.com/questions/14472...te-w-dual-boot

    It looks like boot repair did this as many computers (against standard) modify UEFI to only boot the Windows efi file. So Ubuntu's shim file gets renamed to the Windows file and grub then boots the backup. You may want to restore the Windows file to directly boot Windows but it really should not make any difference.


    Boot-Repair - Updated Jan 1, 2013 to not rename first time, but rename if first time Windows does not boot. Post 706 and 711
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.p...769482&page=71
    Boot-Repair copied /EFI/ubuntu/grubx64.efi to /EFI/Boot/bootx64.efi (in case the BIOS is hard-coded to boot into /EFI/Boot/bootx64.efi or secure boot signed GRUB file shimx64.efi.
    Renamed files:
    /EFI/Boot/bkpbootx64.efi
    /EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bkpbootmgfw.efi


    To undo & to rename files to their original names, you just need to tick the "Restore EFI backups" option of Boot-Repair.
    A user disabled secure boot, and unchecked it in boot-repair. It now bypasses Grub and goes straight in to Windows.
    For more info on UEFI boot install & repair - Regularly Updated :
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2147295
    Please use Thread Tools above first post to change to [Solved] when/if answered completely.

  5. #1255
    Join Date
    Jun 2013
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    Re: [Boot-Repair] Graphical tool to repair the PC boot in 1 click!

    Hi,

    I reinstalled my PC (was in dual boot) as ubuntu was not uptodate for 1 year (bad I know).
    Two internal 500G disks, I added a 4 To disk. Note I get the Nvidia issue - need to set nomodeset to see
    I get grub, but I need some help to get in grub menu: both seven 64b and ubuntu 64b items. I noticed some error on the 2x500 G disks in boot-repair logs - I guess you'll probably advise to reformat the 2 500G disks - as it seems there's some "oldier-raid0-install-with xp" left-overs

    First I reinstalled windows 64 bits (on same volume as previous: sys), then ubuntu 13.04 64 bits (on same volume as previous). When installing ubuntu, instead of doing a fresh install, I chosed "upgade" (from 10 LTS to 13.04) -> in grub menu, I had no "seven".
    Used boot-repair (installed on ubuntu) -> I got Ubuntu 13 (and old 10 LTS kernel items)

    Boot on seven dvd -> bootrec.exe /fixboot and /fixmbr -> seven is ok, but no grub menu.
    Boot on "disk-repair 64b dvd" and repair disks: I got Ubuntu 13 (and old 10 LTS kernel items - no seven)

    Here is the last report: http://paste.ubuntu.com/5813717/
    Code:
     Boot Info Script e7fc706 + Boot-Repair extra info      [Boot-Info 31Jan2013]   ============================= Boot Info Summary: ===============================   => Grub2 (v1.99) is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda and looks at sector 1 of      the same hard drive for core.img. core.img is at this location and looks      in partition 94 for .  => Grub2 (v1.99) is installed in the MBR of /dev/sdb and looks at sector 1 of      the same hard drive for core.img. core.img is at this location and looks      in partition 94 for .  => Grub2 (v1.99) is installed in the MBR of /dev/sdc and looks at sector 1 of      the same hard drive for core.img. core.img is at this location and looks      in partition 94 for .  sda1: __________________________________________________________________________      File system:       ntfs     Boot sector type:  Windows 7/2008: NTFS     Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.     Operating System:       Boot files:        /bootmgr /Boot/BCD  sda2: __________________________________________________________________________      File system:       ntfs     Boot sector type:  Windows 7/2008: NTFS     Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.     Operating System:       Boot files:          sda3: __________________________________________________________________________      File system:       ntfs     Boot sector type:  Windows 7/2008: NTFS     Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.     Operating System:  Windows 7     Boot files:        /bootmgr /Boot/BCD /Windows/System32/winload.exe  sda4: __________________________________________________________________________      File system:       Extended Partition     Boot sector type:  -     Boot sector info:   sda5: __________________________________________________________________________      File system:       ntfs     Boot sector type:  Windows 7/2008: NTFS     Boot sector info:  According to the info in the boot sector, sda5 starts                         at sector 2048.     Operating System:       Boot files:          sdb1: __________________________________________________________________________      File system:            Boot sector type:  Unknown     Boot sector info:      Mounting failed:   mount: unknown filesystem type ''  sdb2: __________________________________________________________________________      File system:       Extended Partition     Boot sector type:  Unknown     Boot sector info:   sdb5: __________________________________________________________________________      File system:       ext4     Boot sector type:  -     Boot sector info:      Operating System:  Ubuntu 13.04      Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg /etc/fstab                         /boot/grub/i386-pc/core.img  sdb6: __________________________________________________________________________      File system:       swap     Boot sector type:  -     Boot sector info:   sdc1: __________________________________________________________________________      File system:       ntfs     Boot sector type:  Windows 2000/XP: NTFS     Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.     Operating System:       Boot files:          sdc2: __________________________________________________________________________      File system:       Extended Partition     Boot sector type:  -     Boot sector info:   sdc5: __________________________________________________________________________      File system:       ntfs     Boot sector type:  Windows 2000/XP: NTFS     Boot sector info:  According to the info in the boot sector, sdc5 starts                         at sector 63.     Operating System:       Boot files:          sdc6: __________________________________________________________________________      File system:       ext4     Boot sector type:  -     Boot sector info:      Operating System:       Boot files:          ============================ Drive/Partition Info: =============================  Drive: sda _____________________________________________________________________  Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders, total 976773168 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes  Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System  /dev/sda1    *          2,048       206,847       204,800   7 NTFS / exFAT / HPFS /dev/sda2             206,848   362,373,119   362,166,272   7 NTFS / exFAT / HPFS /dev/sda3         362,373,120   768,765,951   406,392,832   7 NTFS / exFAT / HPFS /dev/sda4         768,765,952   976,771,071   208,005,120   f W95 Extended (LBA) /dev/sda5         768,768,000   976,771,071   208,003,072   7 NTFS / exFAT / HPFS   Drive: sdb _____________________________________________________________________  Disk /dev/sdb: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders, total 976773168 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes  Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System  /dev/sdb1                  63    78,156,224    78,156,162   0 Empty /dev/sdb2          78,159,870   976,771,071   898,611,202   5 Extended /dev/sdb5    *     78,159,872   940,322,815   862,162,944  83 Linux /dev/sdb6         940,324,864   976,771,071    36,446,208  82 Linux swap / Solaris   Drive: sdc _____________________________________________________________________  Disk /dev/sdc: 2000.4 GB, 2000398934016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 243201 cylinders, total 3907029168 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes  Partition  Boot  Start Sector    End Sector  # of Sectors  Id System  /dev/sdc1                  63 1,718,039,294 1,718,039,232   7 NTFS / exFAT / HPFS /dev/sdc2       1,718,039,295 3,907,024,064 2,188,984,770   f W95 Extended (LBA) /dev/sdc5       1,718,039,358 2,742,482,943 1,024,443,586   7 NTFS / exFAT / HPFS /dev/sdc6       2,742,484,992 3,907,022,847 1,164,537,856  83 Linux   "blkid" output: ________________________________________________________________  Device           UUID                                   TYPE       LABEL  /dev/loop0                                              squashfs    /dev/sda1        FC3844873844433E                       ntfs       Réservé au système /dev/sda2        1A565F4B565F2733                       ntfs       data /dev/sda3        700A70080A6FC9A4                       ntfs       sys /dev/sda5        E498810F9880E182                       ntfs       video /dev/sdb5        0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6   ext4        /dev/sdb6        e6bc3c93-dbbf-4776-aef8-362672ed7e69   swap        /dev/sdc1        01CBC7B4B15ACDF0                       ntfs       ext /dev/sdc5        01CBC87186C52DC0                       ntfs       ext2 /dev/sdc6        f3a09a16-7dad-4237-a3ea-c0b1c0a8a0c2   ext4       pata3 /dev/sr0                                                iso9660    Boot-Repair-Disk 64bit  ================================ Mount points: =================================  Device           Mount_Point              Type       Options  /dev/loop0       /rofs                    squashfs   (ro,noatime) /dev/sr0         /cdrom                   iso9660    (ro,noatime)   =========================== sdb5/boot/grub/grub.cfg: ===========================  -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- # # DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE # # It is automatically generated by grub-mkconfig using templates # from /etc/grub.d and settings from /etc/default/grub #  ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/00_header ### if [ -s $prefix/grubenv ]; then   set have_grubenv=true   load_env fi set default="0"  if [ x"${feature_menuentry_id}" = xy ]; then   menuentry_id_option="--id" else   menuentry_id_option="" fi  export menuentry_id_option  if [ "${prev_saved_entry}" ]; then   set saved_entry="${prev_saved_entry}"   save_env saved_entry   set prev_saved_entry=   save_env prev_saved_entry   set boot_once=true fi  function savedefault {   if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then     saved_entry="${chosen}"     save_env saved_entry   fi }  function recordfail {   set recordfail=1   if [ -n "${have_grubenv}" ]; then if [ -z "${boot_once}" ]; then save_env recordfail; fi; fi }  function load_video {   if [ x$feature_all_video_module = xy ]; then     insmod all_video   else     insmod efi_gop     insmod efi_uga     insmod ieee1275_fb     insmod vbe     insmod vga     insmod video_bochs     insmod video_cirrus   fi }  if [ x$feature_default_font_path = xy ] ; then    font=unicode else insmod part_msdos insmod ext2 set root='hd1,msdos5' if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then   search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 else   search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 fi     font="/usr/share/grub/unicode.pf2" fi  if loadfont $font ; then   set gfxmode=auto   load_video   insmod gfxterm   set locale_dir=$prefix/locale   set lang=fr_FR   insmod gettext fi terminal_output gfxterm if [ "${recordfail}" = 1 ]; then   set timeout=10 else   set timeout=10 fi ### END /etc/grub.d/00_header ###  ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ### set menu_color_normal=white/black set menu_color_highlight=black/light-gray if background_color 44,0,30; then   clear fi ### END /etc/grub.d/05_debian_theme ###  ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/10_linux ### function gfxmode {     set gfxpayload="${1}"     if [ "${1}" = "keep" ]; then         set vt_handoff=vt.handoff=7     else         set vt_handoff=     fi } if [ "${recordfail}" != 1 ]; then   if [ -e ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt ]; then     if hwmatch ${prefix}/gfxblacklist.txt 3; then       if [ ${match} = 0 ]; then         set linux_gfx_mode=keep       else         set linux_gfx_mode=text       fi     else       set linux_gfx_mode=text     fi   else     set linux_gfx_mode=keep   fi else   set linux_gfx_mode=text fi export linux_gfx_mode menuentry 'Ubuntu' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-simple-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' { recordfail     load_video     gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode     insmod gzio     insmod part_msdos     insmod ext2     set root='hd1,msdos5'     if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then       search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6     else       search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6     fi     linux    /boot/vmlinuz-3.8.0-26-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro nomodeset  quiet splash $vt_handoff     initrd    /boot/initrd.img-3.8.0-26-generic } submenu 'Advanced options for Ubuntu' $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-advanced-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 3.8.0-26-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-3.8.0-26-generic-advanced-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     recordfail         load_video         gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode         insmod gzio         insmod part_msdos         insmod ext2         set root='hd1,msdos5'         if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         else           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         fi         echo    'Loading Linux 3.8.0-26-generic ...'         linux    /boot/vmlinuz-3.8.0-26-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro nomodeset  quiet splash $vt_handoff         echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'         initrd    /boot/initrd.img-3.8.0-26-generic     }     menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 3.8.0-26-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-3.8.0-26-generic-recovery-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     recordfail         load_video         insmod gzio         insmod part_msdos         insmod ext2         set root='hd1,msdos5'         if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         else           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         fi         echo    'Loading Linux 3.8.0-26-generic ...'         linux    /boot/vmlinuz-3.8.0-26-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro recovery nomodeset nomodeset         echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'         initrd    /boot/initrd.img-3.8.0-26-generic     }     menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 3.8.0-19-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-3.8.0-19-generic-advanced-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     recordfail         load_video         gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode         insmod gzio         insmod part_msdos         insmod ext2         set root='hd1,msdos5'         if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         else           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         fi         echo    'Loading Linux 3.8.0-19-generic ...'         linux    /boot/vmlinuz-3.8.0-19-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro nomodeset  quiet splash $vt_handoff         echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'         initrd    /boot/initrd.img-3.8.0-19-generic     }     menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 3.8.0-19-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-3.8.0-19-generic-recovery-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     recordfail         load_video         insmod gzio         insmod part_msdos         insmod ext2         set root='hd1,msdos5'         if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         else           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         fi         echo    'Loading Linux 3.8.0-19-generic ...'         linux    /boot/vmlinuz-3.8.0-19-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro recovery nomodeset nomodeset         echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'         initrd    /boot/initrd.img-3.8.0-19-generic     }     menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.35-32-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-2.6.35-32-generic-advanced-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     recordfail         load_video         gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode         insmod gzio         insmod part_msdos         insmod ext2         set root='hd1,msdos5'         if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         else           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         fi         echo    'Loading Linux 2.6.35-32-generic ...'         linux    /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-32-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro nomodeset  quiet splash $vt_handoff         echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'         initrd    /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-32-generic     }     menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.35-32-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-2.6.35-32-generic-recovery-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     recordfail         load_video         insmod gzio         insmod part_msdos         insmod ext2         set root='hd1,msdos5'         if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         else           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         fi         echo    'Loading Linux 2.6.35-32-generic ...'         linux    /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-32-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro recovery nomodeset nomodeset         echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'         initrd    /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-32-generic     }     menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.35-31-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-2.6.35-31-generic-advanced-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     recordfail         load_video         gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode         insmod gzio         insmod part_msdos         insmod ext2         set root='hd1,msdos5'         if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         else           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         fi         echo    'Loading Linux 2.6.35-31-generic ...'         linux    /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-31-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro nomodeset  quiet splash $vt_handoff         echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'         initrd    /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-31-generic     }     menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.35-31-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-2.6.35-31-generic-recovery-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     recordfail         load_video         insmod gzio         insmod part_msdos         insmod ext2         set root='hd1,msdos5'         if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         else           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         fi         echo    'Loading Linux 2.6.35-31-generic ...'         linux    /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-31-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro recovery nomodeset nomodeset         echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'         initrd    /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-31-generic     }     menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.35-30-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-2.6.35-30-generic-advanced-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     recordfail         load_video         gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode         insmod gzio         insmod part_msdos         insmod ext2         set root='hd1,msdos5'         if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         else           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         fi         echo    'Loading Linux 2.6.35-30-generic ...'         linux    /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-30-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro nomodeset  quiet splash $vt_handoff         echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'         initrd    /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-30-generic     }     menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.35-30-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-2.6.35-30-generic-recovery-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     recordfail         load_video         insmod gzio         insmod part_msdos         insmod ext2         set root='hd1,msdos5'         if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         else           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         fi         echo    'Loading Linux 2.6.35-30-generic ...'         linux    /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-30-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro recovery nomodeset nomodeset         echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'         initrd    /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-30-generic     }     menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.35-28-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-2.6.35-28-generic-advanced-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     recordfail         load_video         gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode         insmod gzio         insmod part_msdos         insmod ext2         set root='hd1,msdos5'         if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         else           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         fi         echo    'Loading Linux 2.6.35-28-generic ...'         linux    /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-28-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro nomodeset  quiet splash $vt_handoff         echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'         initrd    /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-28-generic     }     menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.35-28-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-2.6.35-28-generic-recovery-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     recordfail         load_video         insmod gzio         insmod part_msdos         insmod ext2         set root='hd1,msdos5'         if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         else           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         fi         echo    'Loading Linux 2.6.35-28-generic ...'         linux    /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-28-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro recovery nomodeset nomodeset         echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'         initrd    /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-28-generic     }     menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.35-27-generic' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-2.6.35-27-generic-advanced-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     recordfail         load_video         gfxmode $linux_gfx_mode         insmod gzio         insmod part_msdos         insmod ext2         set root='hd1,msdos5'         if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         else           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         fi         echo    'Loading Linux 2.6.35-27-generic ...'         linux    /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-27-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro nomodeset  quiet splash $vt_handoff         echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'         initrd    /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-27-generic     }     menuentry 'Ubuntu, with Linux 2.6.35-27-generic (recovery mode)' --class ubuntu --class gnu-linux --class gnu --class os $menuentry_id_option 'gnulinux-2.6.35-27-generic-recovery-0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6' {     recordfail         load_video         insmod gzio         insmod part_msdos         insmod ext2         set root='hd1,msdos5'         if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         else           search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6         fi         echo    'Loading Linux 2.6.35-27-generic ...'         linux    /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-27-generic root=UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 ro recovery nomodeset nomodeset         echo    'Loading initial ramdisk ...'         initrd    /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-27-generic     } }  ### END /etc/grub.d/10_linux ###  ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###  ### END /etc/grub.d/20_linux_xen ###  ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ### menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+)" {     insmod part_msdos     insmod ext2     set root='hd1,msdos5'     if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then       search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6     else       search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6     fi     linux16    /boot/memtest86+.bin } menuentry "Memory test (memtest86+, serial console 115200)" {     insmod part_msdos     insmod ext2     set root='hd1,msdos5'     if [ x$feature_platform_search_hint = xy ]; then       search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root --hint-bios=hd1,msdos5 --hint-efi=hd1,msdos5 --hint-baremetal=ahci1,msdos5  0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6     else       search --no-floppy --fs-uuid --set=root 0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6     fi     linux16    /boot/memtest86+.bin console=ttyS0,115200n8 } ### END /etc/grub.d/20_memtest86+ ###  ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ### ### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###  ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ### ### END /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ###  ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/40_custom ### # This file provides an easy way to add custom menu entries.  Simply type the # menu entries you want to add after this comment.  Be careful not to change # the 'exec tail' line above. ### END /etc/grub.d/40_custom ###  ### BEGIN /etc/grub.d/41_custom ### if [ -f  ${config_directory}/custom.cfg ]; then   source ${config_directory}/custom.cfg elif [ -z "${config_directory}" -a -f  $prefix/custom.cfg ]; then   source $prefix/custom.cfg; fi ### END /etc/grub.d/41_custom ### --------------------------------------------------------------------------------  =============================== sdb5/etc/fstab: ================================  -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- # /etc/fstab: static file system information. # # Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a # device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices # that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5). # # <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass> # / was on /dev/sdb5 during installation UUID=0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6 /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1 # swap was on /dev/sdb6 during installation UUID=e6bc3c93-dbbf-4776-aef8-362672ed7e69 none            swap    sw              0       0 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------  =================== sdb5: Location of files loaded by Grub: ====================             GiB - GB             File                                 Fragment(s)   417.398895264 = 448.178651136  boot/grub/grub.cfg                             1  417.402408600 = 448.182423552  boot/grub/i386-pc/core.img                     1  419.304950714 = 450.225262592  boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-27-generic                 1  103.161739349 = 110.769074176  boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-28-generic                 2  417.530342102 = 448.319791104  boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-30-generic                 1  417.538444519 = 448.328491008  boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-31-generic                 1  417.937648773 = 448.757133312  boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-32-generic                 1  350.618270874 = 376.473501696  boot/vmlinuz-3.8.0-19-generic                  2  350.743270874 = 376.607719424  boot/vmlinuz-3.8.0-26-generic                  1  350.743270874 = 376.607719424  vmlinuz                                        1  350.743270874 = 376.607719424  vmlinuz.old                                    1   67.175781250 = 72.129445888   boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-27-generic              2  103.569065094 = 111.206436864  boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-28-generic              2   57.116233826 = 61.328089088   boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-30-generic              2  192.847656250 = 207.068594176  boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-31-generic              2   57.072792053 = 61.281443840   boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-32-generic              2  352.066005707 = 378.027995136  boot/initrd.img-3.8.0-19-generic               1  350.097255707 = 375.914065920  boot/initrd.img-3.8.0-26-generic               2  350.097255707 = 375.914065920  initrd.img                                     2  ======================== Unknown MBRs/Boot Sectors/etc: ========================  Unknown BootLoader on sdb1   Unknown BootLoader on sdb2  00000000  4b d0 a9 1d c1 49 11 10  96 07 20 0c f4 00 91 fd  |K....I.... .....| 00000010  2a fd 8d c6 f4 8d 9d 77  b0 20 e1 90 00 bc 0f 6e  |*......w. .....n| 00000020  7b 51 46 2e 70 38 b1 91  8f b4 e7 1b f6 48 cd ea  |{QF.p8.......H..| 00000030  34 b1 2c be 5b 7c aa 40  0a a7 68 ed de 92 fa 05  |4.,.[|.@..h.....| 00000040  7b 86 91 40 89 98 f4 8c  01 c7 03 1d 3a 60 62 b1  |{..@........:`b.| 00000050  c4 e2 65 4a d4 e9 f5 14  39 aa 35 29 3d 16 85 59  |..eJ....9.5)=..Y| 00000060  a4 91 71 21 1b 86 39 07  9c 0c e3 8f ce a6 b8 b5  |..q!..9.........| 00000070  32 da cb 2d bc 50 b3 a9  da 1e 40 30 a3 8c fd 7a  |2..-.P....@0...z| 00000080  67 1e b5 ea d3 b2 a0 dc  ba 6e 65 1c 34 9f bd 16  |g........ne.4...| 00000090  55 89 76 cc c4 a4 71 43  1b 1f 2d b2 0b b2 63 8c  |U.v...qC..-...c.| 000000a0  8f e1 c9 1e a7 a5 02 e7  89 10 ee 53 29 38 04 e7  |...........S)8..| 000000b0  76 0e 73 fe 4d 70 60 fd  a4 a8 2f ac c5 ad 5d af  |v.s.Mp`.../...].| 000000c0  d5 5c 74 eb fb 4a 8e 29  6b 12 58 a6 8e 2b 56 79  |.\t..J.)k.X..+Vy| 000000d0  84 2e 63 53 b7 08 a0 91  9e 99 f5 c7 72 7b 52 32  |..cS........r{R2| 000000e0  c3 7b 19 c9 67 df 91 c9  1f 9f 1f 4e de b5 a6 2b  |.{..g......N...+| 000000f0  d9 45 b9 53 8f 33 7a 24  61 c9 25 53 9e 2f 43 31  |.E.S.3z$a.%S./C1| 00000100  8d bc d1 47 75 1e e4 8d  93 2a 36 fd d6 0d 82 3d  |...Gu....*6....=| 00000110  78 c7 7c 53 2c f5 28 ee  65 da 65 7c 05 c9 c2 fc  |x.|S,.(.e.e|....| 00000120  a7 91 ed d4 7f 53 53 83  c2 e2 2b b5 09 2f 75 1d  |.....SS...+../u.| 00000130  33 8d 49 c5 b9 6e 2d d5  b2 db 8d 8e e4 ef 51 c9  |3.I..n-.......Q.| 00000140  c6 58 0c 73 c0 c6 69 b2  bd bd e5 a2 2c 9b 23 c2  |.X.s..i.....,.#.| 00000150  09 0c 63 a8 e3 1c 8f c3  bf a5 77 56 a1 2e 68 a8  |..c.......wV..h.| 00000160  f4 67 04 2b 49 5a 36 d1  11 bc 4c ed 1b 8c 3a 8f  |.g.+IZ6...L...:.| 00000170  98 26 3b 63 bd 31 ed a6  92 cb 63 cd e5 16 3b b0  |.&;c.1....c...;.| 00000180  b8 c8 5e 80 60 55 62 b1  fc 8e f1 8b b5 ce ec 4c  |..^.`Ub........L| 00000190  1b 6a 71 d5 2e 82 4b 70  f6 d1 5c c7 22 87 99 18  |.jq...Kp..\."...| 000001a0  a2 36 43 06 eb 83 d7 d4  76 34 91 89 5e e5 23 68  |.6C.....v4..^.#h| 000001b0  a5 03 6e 46 c4 da a4 e3  3c e7 af 6a b9 e1 80 fe  |..nF....<..j....| 000001c0  ff ff 83 fe ff ff 02 00  00 00 00 90 63 33 00 fe  |............c3..| 000001d0  ff ff 05 fe ff ff 02 90  63 33 00 28 2c 02 00 00  |........c3.(,...| 000001e0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................| 000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.| 00000200   =============================== StdErr Messages: ===============================  ERROR: isw: wrong number of devices in RAID set "isw_bhijfdgafd_Boot raid" [1/2] on /dev/sda ERROR: only one argument allowed for this option ERROR: isw: wrong number of devices in RAID set "isw_bhijfdgafd_Boot raid" [1/2] on /dev/sda ERROR: isw: wrong number of devices in RAID set "isw_bhijfdgafd_Boot raid" [1/2] on /dev/sda cat: write error: Broken pipe cat: write error: Broken pipe hexdump: /dev/sdb1: No such file or directory hexdump: /dev/sdb1: No such file or directory ERROR: only one argument allowed for this option File descriptor 8 (/proc/2990/mounts) leaked on lvscan invocation. Parent PID 19944: bash   No volume groups found  ADDITIONAL INFORMATION : =================== log of boot-repair 2013-06-30__12h28 =================== boot-repair version : 3.198~ppa16~raring boot-sav version : 3.198~ppa16~raring glade2script version : 3.2.2~ppa45~raring boot-sav-extra version : 3.198~ppa16~raring ERROR: isw: wrong number of devices in RAID set "isw_bhijfdgafd_Boot raid" [1/2] on /dev/sda File descriptor 8 (/proc/2990/mounts) leaked on lvs invocation. Parent PID 4673: /bin/sh No volume groups found boot-repair is executed in live-session (Boot-Repair-Disk 64bit 24avr2013, raring, Ubuntu, x86_64) ls: cannot access /home/usr/.config: No such file or directory CPU op-mode(s):        32-bit, 64-bit file=/cdrom/preseed/lubuntu.seed boot=casper initrd=/casper/initrd.lz quiet splash --  nomodeset debian-installer/language=fr keyboard-configuration/layoutcode?=fr keyboard-configuration/variantcode?=oss  =================== os-prober: /dev/sdb5:Ubuntu 13.04 (13.04):Ubuntu:linux  =================== blkid: /dev/loop0: TYPE="squashfs" /dev/sda1: LABEL="RM-CM-)servM-CM-) au systM-CM-(me" UUID="FC3844873844433E" TYPE="ntfs" /dev/sda2: LABEL="data" UUID="1A565F4B565F2733" TYPE="ntfs" /dev/sda3: LABEL="sys" UUID="700A70080A6FC9A4" TYPE="ntfs" /dev/sda5: LABEL="video" UUID="E498810F9880E182" TYPE="ntfs" /dev/sdb5: UUID="0d84235e-9d4b-4776-bcde-f60ea3eb53a6" TYPE="ext4" /dev/sdb6: UUID="e6bc3c93-dbbf-4776-aef8-362672ed7e69" TYPE="swap" /dev/sdc1: LABEL="ext" UUID="01CBC7B4B15ACDF0" TYPE="ntfs" /dev/sdc5: LABEL="ext2" UUID="01CBC87186C52DC0" TYPE="ntfs" /dev/sdc6: LABEL="pata3" UUID="f3a09a16-7dad-4237-a3ea-c0b1c0a8a0c2" TYPE="ext4" /dev/sr0: LABEL="Boot-Repair-Disk 64bit" TYPE="iso9660"   1 disks with OS, 1 OS : 1 Linux, 0 MacOS, 0 Windows, 0 unknown type OS.  Windows not detected by os-prober on sda3. Warning: extended partition does not start at a cylinder boundary. DOS and Linux will interpret the contents differently. Warning: extended partition does not start at a cylinder boundary. DOS and Linux will interpret the contents differently.   =================== sdb5/etc/default/grub :  # If you change this file, run 'update-grub' afterwards to update # /boot/grub/grub.cfg. # For full documentation of the options in this file, see: #   info -f grub -n 'Simple configuration'  GRUB_DEFAULT=0 #GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT=0 GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT_QUIET=true GRUB_TIMEOUT=10 GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian` GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash" GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="nomodeset"  # Uncomment to enable BadRAM filtering, modify to suit your needs # This works with Linux (no patch required) and with any kernel that obtains # the memory map information from GRUB (GNU Mach, kernel of FreeBSD ...) #GRUB_BADRAM="0x01234567,0xfefefefe,0x89abcdef,0xefefefef"  # Uncomment to disable graphical terminal (grub-pc only) #GRUB_TERMINAL=console  # The resolution used on graphical terminal # note that you can use only modes which your graphic card supports via VBE # you can see them in real GRUB with the command `vbeinfo' #GRUB_GFXMODE=640x480  # Uncomment if you don't want GRUB to pass "root=UUID=xxx" parameter to Linux #GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID=true  # Uncomment to disable generation of recovery mode menu entries #GRUB_DISABLE_RECOVERY="true"  # Uncomment to get a beep at grub start #GRUB_INIT_TUNE="480 440 1"     =================== sdb5/etc/grub.d/ : drwxr-xr-x  2 root root           4096 avril 24 17:05 grub.d total 72 -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  7541 avril  9 09:29 00_header -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  5974 avril  9 08:53 05_debian_theme -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 11381 avril  9 09:29 10_linux -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 10258 avril  9 09:29 20_linux_xen -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  1688 déc.   5  2012 20_memtest86+ -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 10976 avril  9 09:29 30_os-prober -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  1426 avril  9 09:29 30_uefi-firmware -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   214 avril  9 09:29 40_custom -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   216 avril  9 09:29 41_custom -rw-r--r-- 1 root root   483 avril  9 09:29 README   =================== UEFI/Legacy mode: This live-session is not in EFI-mode. SecureBoot maybe enabled.   =================== PARTITIONS & DISKS: sda1    : sda,    not-sepboot,    no-grubenv    nogrub,    no-docgrub,    no-update-grub,    32,    no-boot,    no-os,    not--efi--part,    part-has-no-fstab,    part-has-no-fstab,    no-nt,    no-winload,    no-recov-nor-hid,    bootmgr,    is-winboot,    nopakmgr,    nogrubinstall,    no---usr,    part-has-no-fstab,    not-sep-usr,    standard,    not-far,    /mnt/boot-sav/sda1. sda2    : sda,    not-sepboot,    no-grubenv    nogrub,    no-docgrub,    no-update-grub,    32,    no-boot,    no-os,    not--efi--part,    part-has-no-fstab,    part-has-no-fstab,    no-nt,    no-winload,    no-recov-nor-hid,    no-bmgr,    notwinboot,    nopakmgr,    nogrubinstall,    no---usr,    part-has-no-fstab,    not-sep-usr,    standard,    farbios,    /mnt/boot-sav/sda2. sda3    : sda,    not-sepboot,    no-grubenv    nogrub,    no-docgrub,    no-update-grub,    32,    no-boot,    is-os,    not--efi--part,    part-has-no-fstab,    part-has-no-fstab,    no-nt,    haswinload,    no-recov-nor-hid,    bootmgr,    is-winboot,    nopakmgr,    nogrubinstall,    no---usr,    part-has-no-fstab,    not-sep-usr,    standard,    farbios,    /mnt/boot-sav/sda3. sda5    : sda,    not-sepboot,    no-grubenv    nogrub,    no-docgrub,    no-update-grub,    32,    no-boot,    no-os,    not--efi--part,    part-has-no-fstab,    part-has-no-fstab,    no-nt,    no-winload,    no-recov-nor-hid,    no-bmgr,    notwinboot,    nopakmgr,    nogrubinstall,    no---usr,    part-has-no-fstab,    not-sep-usr,    standard,    farbios,    /mnt/boot-sav/sda5. sdb5    : sdb,    not-sepboot,    grubenv-ok    grub2,    grub-pc ,    update-grub,    64,    with-boot,    is-os,    not--efi--part,    fstab-without-boot,    fstab-without-efi,    no-nt,    no-winload,    no-recov-nor-hid,    no-bmgr,    notwinboot,    apt-get,    grub-install,    with--usr,    fstab-without-usr,    not-sep-usr,    standard,    farbios,    /mnt/boot-sav/sdb5. sdc1    : sdc,    not-sepboot,    no-grubenv    nogrub,    no-docgrub,    no-update-grub,    32,    no-boot,    no-os,    not--efi--part,    part-has-no-fstab,    part-has-no-fstab,    no-nt,    no-winload,    no-recov-nor-hid,    no-bmgr,    notwinboot,    nopakmgr,    nogrubinstall,    no---usr,    part-has-no-fstab,    not-sep-usr,    standard,    farbios,    /mnt/boot-sav/sdc1. sdc5    : sdc,    not-sepboot,    no-grubenv    nogrub,    no-docgrub,    no-update-grub,    32,    no-boot,    no-os,    not--efi--part,    part-has-no-fstab,    part-has-no-fstab,    no-nt,    no-winload,    no-recov-nor-hid,    no-bmgr,    notwinboot,    nopakmgr,    nogrubinstall,    no---usr,    part-has-no-fstab,    not-sep-usr,    standard,    farbios,    /mnt/boot-sav/sdc5. sdc6    : sdc,    maybesepboot,    no-grubenv    nogrub,    no-docgrub,    no-update-grub,    32,    no-boot,    no-os,    not--efi--part,    part-has-no-fstab,    part-has-no-fstab,    no-nt,    no-winload,    no-recov-nor-hid,    no-bmgr,    notwinboot,    nopakmgr,    nogrubinstall,    no---usr,    part-has-no-fstab,    not-sep-usr,    standard,    farbios,    /mnt/boot-sav/sdc6.  sda    : not-GPT,    BIOSboot-not-needed,    has-no-EFIpart,     not-usb,    has-os,    2048 sectors * 512 bytes sdb    : not-GPT,    BIOSboot-not-needed,    has-no-EFIpart,     not-usb,    has-os,    63 sectors * 512 bytes sdc    : not-GPT,    BIOSboot-not-needed,    has-no-EFIpart,     not-usb,    no-os,    63 sectors * 512 bytes   =================== parted -l:  Model: ATA SAMSUNG HD501LJ (scsi) Disk /dev/sda: 500GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: msdos  Number  Start   End    Size   Type      File system  Flags 1      1049kB  106MB  105MB  primary   ntfs         boot 2      106MB   186GB  185GB  primary   ntfs 3      186GB   394GB  208GB  primary   ntfs 4      394GB   500GB  106GB  extended               lba 5      394GB   500GB  106GB  logical   ntfs   Model: ATA SAMSUNG HD501LJ (scsi) Disk /dev/sdb: 500GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: msdos  Number  Start   End    Size    Type      File system     Flags 2      40.0GB  500GB  460GB   extended 5      40.0GB  481GB  441GB   logical   ext4 6      481GB   500GB  18.7GB  logical   linux-swap(v1)   Model: ATA WDC WD2001FASS-0 (scsi) Disk /dev/sdc: 2000GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: msdos  Number  Start   End     Size    Type      File system  Flags 1      32.3kB  880GB   880GB   primary   ntfs 2      880GB   2000GB  1121GB  extended               lba 5      880GB   1404GB  525GB   logical   ntfs 6      1404GB  2000GB  596GB   logical   ext4                                                                               Warning: Unable to open /dev/sr0 read-write (Read-only file system).  /dev/sr0 has been opened read-only.                                                                             Error: /dev/sr0: unrecognised disk label  =================== parted -lm:  BYT; /dev/sda:500GB:scsi:512:512:msdos:ATA SAMSUNG HD501LJ; 1:1049kB:106MB:105MB:ntfs::boot; 2:106MB:186GB:185GB:ntfs::; 3:186GB:394GB:208GB:ntfs::; 4:394GB:500GB:106GB:::lba; 5:394GB:500GB:106GB:ntfs::;  BYT; /dev/sdb:500GB:scsi:512:512:msdos:ATA SAMSUNG HD501LJ; 2:40.0GB:500GB:460GB:::; 5:40.0GB:481GB:441GB:ext4::; 6:481GB:500GB:18.7GB:linux-swap(v1)::;  BYT; /dev/sdc:2000GB:scsi:512:512:msdos:ATA WDC WD2001FASS-0; 1:32.3kB:880GB:880GB:ntfs::; 2:880GB:2000GB:1121GB:::lba; 5:880GB:1404GB:525GB:ntfs::; 6:1404GB:2000GB:596GB:ext4::;                                                                              Warning: Unable to open /dev/sr0 read-write (Read-only file system).  /dev/sr0 has been opened read-only.                                                                             Error: /dev/sr0: unrecognised disk label   =================== mount: /cow on / type overlayfs (rw) proc on /proc type proc (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev) sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev) udev on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,mode=0755) devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,noexec,nosuid,gid=5,mode=0620) tmpfs on /run type tmpfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,size=10%,mode=0755) /dev/sr0 on /cdrom type iso9660 (ro,noatime) /dev/loop0 on /rofs type squashfs (ro,noatime) none on /sys/fs/cgroup type tmpfs (rw) none on /sys/fs/fuse/connections type fusectl (rw) none on /sys/kernel/debug type debugfs (rw) none on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw) tmpfs on /tmp type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev) none on /run/lock type tmpfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev,size=5242880) none on /run/shm type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev) none on /run/user type tmpfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev,size=104857600,mode=0755) gvfsd-fuse on /run/user/lubuntu/gvfs type fuse.gvfsd-fuse (rw,nosuid,nodev,user=lubuntu) /dev/sda1 on /mnt/boot-sav/sda1 type fuseblk (rw,nosuid,nodev,allow_other,blksize=4096) /dev/sda2 on /mnt/boot-sav/sda2 type fuseblk (rw,nosuid,nodev,allow_other,blksize=4096) /dev/sda3 on /mnt/boot-sav/sda3 type fuseblk (rw,nosuid,nodev,allow_other,blksize=4096) /dev/sda5 on /mnt/boot-sav/sda5 type fuseblk (rw,nosuid,nodev,allow_other,blksize=4096) /dev/sdb5 on /mnt/boot-sav/sdb5 type ext4 (rw) /dev/sdc1 on /mnt/boot-sav/sdc1 type fuseblk (rw,nosuid,nodev,allow_other,blksize=4096) /dev/sdc5 on /mnt/boot-sav/sdc5 type fuseblk (rw,nosuid,nodev,allow_other,blksize=4096) /dev/sdc6 on /mnt/boot-sav/sdc6 type ext4 (rw)   =================== ls: /sys/block/sda (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range holders inflight power queue range removable ro sda1 sda2 sda3 sda4 sda5 size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent /sys/block/sdb (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range holders inflight power queue range removable ro sdb1 sdb2 sdb5 sdb6 size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent /sys/block/sdc (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range holders inflight power queue range removable ro sdc1 sdc2 sdc5 sdc6 size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent /sys/block/sr0 (filtered):  alignment_offset bdi capability dev device discard_alignment events events_async events_poll_msecs ext_range holders inflight power queue range removable ro size slaves stat subsystem trace uevent /dev (filtered):  alarm ashmem autofs binder block bsg btrfs-control bus cdrom cdrw char console core cpu cpu_dma_latency disk dvd dvdrw ecryptfs fd full fuse fw0 hidraw0 hidraw1 hidraw2 hidraw3 hpet input kmsg kvm log mapper mcelog mem net network_latency network_throughput null oldmem port ppp psaux ptmx pts random rfkill rtc rtc0 sda sda1 sda2 sda3 sda4 sda5 sdb sdb1 sdb2 sdb5 sdb6 sdc sdc1 sdc2 sdc5 sdc6 sg0 sg1 sg2 sg3 shm snapshot snd sr0 stderr stdin stdout uinput urandom usb vga_arbiter vhost-net zero ls /dev/mapper:  control  =================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda1 00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....| 00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 08 00 00  |........?.......| 00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  ff 1f 03 00 00 00 00 00  |................| 00000030  55 21 00 00 00 00 00 00  02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |U!..............| 00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  3e 43 44 38 87 44 38 fc  |........>CD8.D8.| 00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..| 00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N| 00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...| 00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......| 00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........| 000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..| 000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.| 000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............| 000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-| 000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..| 000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 70 0e 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hp..h..fSfSf| 00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..| 00000110  28 10 b9 d8 0f fc f3 aa  e9 5f 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |(........_...f`.| 00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...| 00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...| 00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.| 00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........| 00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a0 f8 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......| 00000170  a0 fb 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd b4 01 8b f0 ac 3c 00  |..............<.| 00000180  74 09 b4 0e bb 07 00 cd  10 eb f2 c3 0d 0a 41 20  |t.............A | 00000190  64 69 73 6b 20 72 65 61  64 20 65 72 72 6f 72 20  |disk read error | 000001a0  6f 63 63 75 72 72 65 64  00 0d 0a 42 4f 4f 54 4d  |occurred...BOOTM| 000001b0  47 52 20 69 73 20 6d 69  73 73 69 6e 67 00 0d 0a  |GR is missing...| 000001c0  42 4f 4f 54 4d 47 52 20  69 73 20 63 6f 6d 70 72  |BOOTMGR is compr| 000001d0  65 73 73 65 64 00 0d 0a  50 72 65 73 73 20 43 74  |essed...Press Ct| 000001e0  72 6c 2b 41 6c 74 2b 44  65 6c 20 74 6f 20 72 65  |rl+Alt+Del to re| 000001f0  73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a 00  8c a9 be d6 00 00 55 aa  |start.........U.| 00000200  =================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda2 00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....| 00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 28 03 00  |........?....(..| 00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  ff 37 96 15 00 00 00 00  |.........7......| 00000030  00 00 0c 00 00 00 00 00  02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................| 00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  33 27 5f 56 4b 5f 56 1a  |........3'_VK_V.| 00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..| 00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N| 00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...| 00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......| 00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........| 000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..| 000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.| 000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............| 000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-| 000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..| 000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 70 0e 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hp..h..fSfSf| 00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..| 00000110  28 10 b9 d8 0f fc f3 aa  e9 5f 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |(........_...f`.| 00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...| 00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...| 00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.| 00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........| 00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a0 f8 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......| 00000170  a0 fb 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd b4 01 8b f0 ac 3c 00  |..............<.| 00000180  74 09 b4 0e bb 07 00 cd  10 eb f2 c3 0d 0a 45 72  |t.............Er| 00000190  72 65 75 72 20 6c 65 63  74 75 72 65 20 64 69 73  |reur lecture dis| 000001a0  71 75 65 00 0d 0a 42 4f  4f 54 4d 47 52 20 61 62  |que...BOOTMGR ab| 000001b0  73 65 6e 74 00 0d 0a 42  4f 4f 54 4d 47 52 20 63  |sent...BOOTMGR c| 000001c0  6f 6d 70 72 65 73 73 82  00 0d 0a 43 74 72 6c 2b  |ompress....Ctrl+| 000001d0  41 6c 74 2b 53 75 70 70  72 20 70 6f 75 72 20 72  |Alt+Suppr pour r| 000001e0  65 64 82 6d 61 72 72 65  72 0d 0a 00 6f 20 72 65  |ed.marrer...o re| 000001f0  73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a 00  8c a4 b5 c9 00 00 55 aa  |start.........U.| 00000200  =================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda3 00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....| 00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 60 99 15  |........?....`..| 00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  ff 0f 39 18 00 00 00 00  |..........9.....| 00000030  00 00 0c 00 00 00 00 00  02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................| 00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  a4 c9 6f 0a 08 70 0a 70  |..........o..p.p| 00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..| 00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N| 00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...| 00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......| 00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........| 000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..| 000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.| 000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............| 000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-| 000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..| 000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 70 0e 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hp..h..fSfSf| 00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..| 00000110  28 10 b9 d8 0f fc f3 aa  e9 5f 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |(........_...f`.| 00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...| 00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...| 00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.| 00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........| 00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a0 f8 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......| 00000170  a0 fb 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd b4 01 8b f0 ac 3c 00  |..............<.| 00000180  74 09 b4 0e bb 07 00 cd  10 eb f2 c3 0d 0a 45 72  |t.............Er| 00000190  72 65 75 72 20 6c 65 63  74 75 72 65 20 64 69 73  |reur lecture dis| 000001a0  71 75 65 00 0d 0a 42 4f  4f 54 4d 47 52 20 61 62  |que...BOOTMGR ab| 000001b0  73 65 6e 74 00 0d 0a 42  4f 4f 54 4d 47 52 20 63  |sent...BOOTMGR c| 000001c0  6f 6d 70 72 65 73 73 82  00 0d 0a 43 74 72 6c 2b  |ompress....Ctrl+| 000001d0  41 6c 74 2b 53 75 70 70  72 20 70 6f 75 72 20 72  |Alt+Suppr pour r| 000001e0  65 64 82 6d 61 72 72 65  72 0d 0a 00 6f 20 72 65  |ed.marrer...o re| 000001f0  73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a 00  8c a4 b5 c9 00 00 55 aa  |start.........U.| 00000200  =================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sda5 00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....| 00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 00 08 00 00  |........?.......| 00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  ff df 65 0c 00 00 00 00  |..........e.....| 00000030  00 00 0c 00 00 00 00 00  02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................| 00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  82 e1 80 98 0f 81 98 e4  |................| 00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb 68 c0 07  |.....3.....|.h..| 00000060  1f 1e 68 66 00 cb 88 16  0e 00 66 81 3e 03 00 4e  |..hf......f.>..N| 00000070  54 46 53 75 15 b4 41 bb  aa 55 cd 13 72 0c 81 fb  |TFSu..A..U..r...| 00000080  55 aa 75 06 f7 c1 01 00  75 03 e9 dd 00 1e 83 ec  |U.u.....u.......| 00000090  18 68 1a 00 b4 48 8a 16  0e 00 8b f4 16 1f cd 13  |.h...H..........| 000000a0  9f 83 c4 18 9e 58 1f 72  e1 3b 06 0b 00 75 db a3  |.....X.r.;...u..| 000000b0  0f 00 c1 2e 0f 00 04 1e  5a 33 db b9 00 20 2b c8  |........Z3... +.| 000000c0  66 ff 06 11 00 03 16 0f  00 8e c2 ff 06 16 00 e8  |f...............| 000000d0  4b 00 2b c8 77 ef b8 00  bb cd 1a 66 23 c0 75 2d  |K.+.w......f#.u-| 000000e0  66 81 fb 54 43 50 41 75  24 81 f9 02 01 72 1e 16  |f..TCPAu$....r..| 000000f0  68 07 bb 16 68 70 0e 16  68 09 00 66 53 66 53 66  |h...hp..h..fSfSf| 00000100  55 16 16 16 68 b8 01 66  61 0e 07 cd 1a 33 c0 bf  |U...h..fa....3..| 00000110  28 10 b9 d8 0f fc f3 aa  e9 5f 01 90 90 66 60 1e  |(........_...f`.| 00000120  06 66 a1 11 00 66 03 06  1c 00 1e 66 68 00 00 00  |.f...f.....fh...| 00000130  00 66 50 06 53 68 01 00  68 10 00 b4 42 8a 16 0e  |.fP.Sh..h...B...| 00000140  00 16 1f 8b f4 cd 13 66  59 5b 5a 66 59 66 59 1f  |.......fY[ZfYfY.| 00000150  0f 82 16 00 66 ff 06 11  00 03 16 0f 00 8e c2 ff  |....f...........| 00000160  0e 16 00 75 bc 07 1f 66  61 c3 a0 f8 01 e8 09 00  |...u...fa.......| 00000170  a0 fb 01 e8 03 00 f4 eb  fd b4 01 8b f0 ac 3c 00  |..............<.| 00000180  74 09 b4 0e bb 07 00 cd  10 eb f2 c3 0d 0a 45 72  |t.............Er| 00000190  72 65 75 72 20 6c 65 63  74 75 72 65 20 64 69 73  |reur lecture dis| 000001a0  71 75 65 00 0d 0a 42 4f  4f 54 4d 47 52 20 61 62  |que...BOOTMGR ab| 000001b0  73 65 6e 74 00 0d 0a 42  4f 4f 54 4d 47 52 20 63  |sent...BOOTMGR c| 000001c0  6f 6d 70 72 65 73 73 82  00 0d 0a 43 74 72 6c 2b  |ompress....Ctrl+| 000001d0  41 6c 74 2b 53 75 70 70  72 20 70 6f 75 72 20 72  |Alt+Suppr pour r| 000001e0  65 64 82 6d 61 72 72 65  72 0d 0a 00 6f 20 72 65  |ed.marrer...o re| 000001f0  73 74 61 72 74 0d 0a 00  8c a4 b5 c9 00 00 55 aa  |start.........U.| 00000200  =================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sdc1 00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....| 00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 3f 00 00 00  |........?...?...| 00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  bf 32 67 66 00 00 00 00  |.........2gf....| 00000030  03 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  2b 73 66 06 00 00 00 00  |........+sf.....| 00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  f0 cd 5a b1 b4 c7 cb 01  |..........Z.....| 00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb b8 c0 07  |.....3.....|....| 00000060  8e d8 e8 16 00 b8 00 0d  8e c0 33 db c6 06 0e 00  |..........3.....| 00000070  10 e8 53 00 68 00 0d 68  6a 02 cb 8a 16 24 00 b4  |..S.h..hj....$..| 00000080  08 cd 13 73 05 b9 ff ff  8a f1 66 0f b6 c6 40 66  |...s......f...@f| 00000090  0f b6 d1 80 e2 3f f7 e2  86 cd c0 ed 06 41 66 0f  |.....?.......Af.| 000000a0  b7 c9 66 f7 e1 66 a3 20  00 c3 b4 41 bb aa 55 8a  |..f..f. ...A..U.| 000000b0  16 24 00 cd 13 72 0f 81  fb 55 aa 75 09 f6 c1 01  |.$...r...U.u....| 000000c0  74 04 fe 06 14 00 c3 66  60 1e 06 66 a1 10 00 66  |t......f`..f...f| 000000d0  03 06 1c 00 66 3b 06 20  00 0f 82 3a 00 1e 66 6a  |....f;. ...:..fj| 000000e0  00 66 50 06 53 66 68 10  00 01 00 80 3e 14 00 00  |.fP.Sfh.....>...| 000000f0  0f 85 0c 00 e8 b3 ff 80  3e 14 00 00 0f 84 61 00  |........>.....a.| 00000100  b4 42 8a 16 24 00 16 1f  8b f4 cd 13 66 58 5b 07  |.B..$.......fX[.| 00000110  66 58 66 58 1f eb 2d 66  33 d2 66 0f b7 0e 18 00  |fXfX..-f3.f.....| 00000120  66 f7 f1 fe c2 8a ca 66  8b d0 66 c1 ea 10 f7 36  |f......f..f....6| 00000130  1a 00 86 d6 8a 16 24 00  8a e8 c0 e4 06 0a cc b8  |......$.........| 00000140  01 02 cd 13 0f 82 19 00  8c c0 05 20 00 8e c0 66  |........... ...f| 00000150  ff 06 10 00 ff 0e 0e 00  0f 85 6f ff 07 1f 66 61  |..........o...fa| 00000160  c3 a0 f8 01 e8 09 00 a0  fb 01 e8 03 00 fb eb fe  |................| 00000170  b4 01 8b f0 ac 3c 00 74  09 b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10  |.....<.t........| 00000180  eb f2 c3 0d 0a 41 20 64  69 73 6b 20 72 65 61 64  |.....A disk read| 00000190  20 65 72 72 6f 72 20 6f  63 63 75 72 72 65 64 00  | error occurred.| 000001a0  0d 0a 4e 54 4c 44 52 20  69 73 20 6d 69 73 73 69  |..NTLDR is missi| 000001b0  6e 67 00 0d 0a 4e 54 4c  44 52 20 69 73 20 63 6f  |ng...NTLDR is co| 000001c0  6d 70 72 65 73 73 65 64  00 0d 0a 50 72 65 73 73  |mpressed...Press| 000001d0  20 43 74 72 6c 2b 41 6c  74 2b 44 65 6c 20 74 6f  | Ctrl+Alt+Del to| 000001e0  20 72 65 73 74 61 72 74  0d 0a 00 00 00 00 00 00  | restart........| 000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  83 a0 b3 c9 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.| 00000200  =================== hexdump -n512 -C /dev/sdc5 00000000  eb 52 90 4e 54 46 53 20  20 20 20 00 02 08 00 00  |.R.NTFS    .....| 00000010  00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00  3f 00 ff 00 3f 00 00 00  |........?...?...| 00000020  00 00 00 00 80 00 80 00  b8 c4 0f 3d 00 00 00 00  |...........=....| 00000030  03 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  4b fc d0 03 00 00 00 00  |........K.......| 00000040  f6 00 00 00 01 00 00 00  c0 2d c5 86 71 c8 cb 01  |.........-..q...| 00000050  00 00 00 00 fa 33 c0 8e  d0 bc 00 7c fb b8 c0 07  |.....3.....|....| 00000060  8e d8 e8 16 00 b8 00 0d  8e c0 33 db c6 06 0e 00  |..........3.....| 00000070  10 e8 53 00 68 00 0d 68  6a 02 cb 8a 16 24 00 b4  |..S.h..hj....$..| 00000080  08 cd 13 73 05 b9 ff ff  8a f1 66 0f b6 c6 40 66  |...s......f...@f| 00000090  0f b6 d1 80 e2 3f f7 e2  86 cd c0 ed 06 41 66 0f  |.....?.......Af.| 000000a0  b7 c9 66 f7 e1 66 a3 20  00 c3 b4 41 bb aa 55 8a  |..f..f. ...A..U.| 000000b0  16 24 00 cd 13 72 0f 81  fb 55 aa 75 09 f6 c1 01  |.$...r...U.u....| 000000c0  74 04 fe 06 14 00 c3 66  60 1e 06 66 a1 10 00 66  |t......f`..f...f| 000000d0  03 06 1c 00 66 3b 06 20  00 0f 82 3a 00 1e 66 6a  |....f;. ...:..fj| 000000e0  00 66 50 06 53 66 68 10  00 01 00 80 3e 14 00 00  |.fP.Sfh.....>...| 000000f0  0f 85 0c 00 e8 b3 ff 80  3e 14 00 00 0f 84 61 00  |........>.....a.| 00000100  b4 42 8a 16 24 00 16 1f  8b f4 cd 13 66 58 5b 07  |.B..$.......fX[.| 00000110  66 58 66 58 1f eb 2d 66  33 d2 66 0f b7 0e 18 00  |fXfX..-f3.f.....| 00000120  66 f7 f1 fe c2 8a ca 66  8b d0 66 c1 ea 10 f7 36  |f......f..f....6| 00000130  1a 00 86 d6 8a 16 24 00  8a e8 c0 e4 06 0a cc b8  |......$.........| 00000140  01 02 cd 13 0f 82 19 00  8c c0 05 20 00 8e c0 66  |........... ...f| 00000150  ff 06 10 00 ff 0e 0e 00  0f 85 6f ff 07 1f 66 61  |..........o...fa| 00000160  c3 a0 f8 01 e8 09 00 a0  fb 01 e8 03 00 fb eb fe  |................| 00000170  b4 01 8b f0 ac 3c 00 74  09 b4 0e bb 07 00 cd 10  |.....<.t........| 00000180  eb f2 c3 0d 0a 41 20 64  69 73 6b 20 72 65 61 64  |.....A disk read| 00000190  20 65 72 72 6f 72 20 6f  63 63 75 72 72 65 64 00  | error occurred.| 000001a0  0d 0a 4e 54 4c 44 52 20  69 73 20 6d 69 73 73 69  |..NTLDR is missi| 000001b0  6e 67 00 0d 0a 4e 54 4c  44 52 20 69 73 20 63 6f  |ng...NTLDR is co| 000001c0  6d 70 72 65 73 73 65 64  00 0d 0a 50 72 65 73 73  |mpressed...Press| 000001d0  20 43 74 72 6c 2b 41 6c  74 2b 44 65 6c 20 74 6f  | Ctrl+Alt+Del to| 000001e0  20 72 65 73 74 61 72 74  0d 0a 00 00 00 00 00 00  | restart........| 000001f0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  83 a0 b3 c9 00 00 55 aa  |..............U.| 00000200  =================== df -Th:  Filesystem     Type       Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on /cow           overlayfs  3.9G   20M  3.9G   1% / udev           devtmpfs   3.9G   12K  3.9G   1% /dev tmpfs          tmpfs      799M  856K  798M   1% /run /dev/sr0       iso9660    508M  508M     0 100% /cdrom /dev/loop0     squashfs   435M  435M     0 100% /rofs none           tmpfs      4.0K     0  4.0K   0% /sys/fs/cgroup tmpfs          tmpfs      3.9G  8.0K  3.9G   1% /tmp none           tmpfs      5.0M     0  5.0M   0% /run/lock none           tmpfs      3.9G     0  3.9G   0% /run/shm none           tmpfs      100M   12K  100M   1% /run/user /dev/sda1      fuseblk    100M   25M   76M  25% /mnt/boot-sav/sda1 /dev/sda2      fuseblk    173G   70G  104G  41% /mnt/boot-sav/sda2 /dev/sda3      fuseblk    194G   38G  157G  20% /mnt/boot-sav/sda3 /dev/sda5      fuseblk    100G  945M   99G   1% /mnt/boot-sav/sda5 /dev/sdb5      ext4       405G  168G  217G  44% /mnt/boot-sav/sdb5 /dev/sdc1      fuseblk    820G  761G   59G  93% /mnt/boot-sav/sdc1 /dev/sdc5      fuseblk    489G  341G  149G  70% /mnt/boot-sav/sdc5 /dev/sdc6      ext4       547G  275G  245G  53% /mnt/boot-sav/sdc6  =================== fdisk -l:  Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders, total 976773168 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk identifier: 0xc8923953  Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System /dev/sda1   *        2048      206847      102400    7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT /dev/sda2          206848   362373119   181083136    7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT /dev/sda3       362373120   768765951   203196416    7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT /dev/sda4       768765952   976771071   104002560    f  W95 Ext'd (LBA) /dev/sda5       768768000   976771071   104001536    7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT  Disk /dev/sdb: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders, total 976773168 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk identifier: 0x000e0186  Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System /dev/sdb1              63    78156224    39078081    0  Empty /dev/sdb2        78159870   976771071   449305601    5  Extended /dev/sdb5        78159872   940322815   431081472   83  Linux /dev/sdb6       940324864   976771071    18223104   82  Linux swap / Solaris  Disk /dev/sdc: 2000.4 GB, 2000398934016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 243201 cylinders, total 3907029168 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disk identifier: 0xc7ab7539  Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System /dev/sdc1              63  1718039294   859019616    7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT /dev/sdc2      1718039295  3907024064  1094492385    f  W95 Ext'd (LBA) /dev/sdc5      1718039358  2742482943   512221793    7  HPFS/NTFS/exFAT /dev/sdc6      2742484992  3907022847   582268928   83  Linux    =================== Recommended repair Recommended-Repair This setting will reinstall the grub2 of sdb5 into the MBRs of all disks (except USB without OS). The boot flag will be placed on sdb5. Additional repair will be performed: unhide-bootmenu-10s   parted /dev/sdb set 5 boot on                                                                             Information: You may need to update /etc/fstab.   Reinstall the GRUB of sdb5 into all MBRs of disks with OS or not-USB grub-install (GRUB) 2.00-13ubuntu3,grub-install (GRUB) 2.  Reinstall the GRUB of sdb5 into the MBR of sda Installation finished. No error reported. grub-install /dev/sda: exit code of grub-install /dev/sda:0 grub-install (GRUB) 2.00-13ubuntu3,grub-install (GRUB) 2.  Reinstall the GRUB of sdb5 into the MBR of sdc Installation finished. No error reported. grub-install /dev/sdc: exit code of grub-install /dev/sdc:0 grub-install (GRUB) 2.00-13ubuntu3,grub-install (GRUB) 2.  Reinstall the GRUB of sdb5 into the MBR of sdb Installation finished. No error reported. grub-install /dev/sdb: exit code of grub-install /dev/sdb:0  chroot /mnt/boot-sav/sdb5 update-grub Generating grub.cfg ... Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-3.8.0-26-generic Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-3.8.0-26-generic Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-3.8.0-19-generic Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-3.8.0-19-generic Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-32-generic Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-32-generic Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-31-generic Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-31-generic Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-30-generic Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-30-generic Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-28-generic Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-28-generic Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.35-27-generic Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-2.6.35-27-generic Found memtest86+ image: /boot/memtest86+.bin ERROR: isw: wrong number of devices in RAID set "isw_bhijfdgafd_Boot raid" [1/2] on /dev/sda Unhide GRUB boot menu in sdb5/boot/grub/grub.cfg
    Thanks
    Last edited by oldfred; June 30th, 2013 at 05:43 PM. Reason: add boot info, Added code tags

  6. #1256
    Join Date
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    Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus

    Re: [Boot-Repair] Graphical tool to repair the PC boot in 1 click!

    Were drives ever RAID. If you are sure you do not want RAID you need to remove meta-data.

    Presence1960 on remove old raid setting from HD
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1325650
    sudo dmraid -E -r /dev/sda
    sudo dmraid -E -r /dev/sdb
    Also check BIOS for raid settings
    More discussion:
    http://wwww.ubuntuforums.org/showthr...38#post9274738

    Then run this:
    sudo update-grub

    I would reinstall a Windows boot loader to sda, and set BIOS to boot sdb with grub. But then if you have issues you can still change BIOS or use one time boot key (f12 on my system) to boot Windows.

    You may want to do some housecleaning.
    RecoverLostDiskSpace
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/RecoverLostDiskSpace
    HOWTO: Recover Lost Disk Space - drs305
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1122670
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=898573
    HOWTO: Cleaning up all those unnecessary junk files...
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=140920
    Caution deborphan will delete anything you manually installed. See comment:
    Better to use Synaptic to select the ones you no longer want. Also you get notified about dependencies to be removed and can reconsider, if need be.
    http://lifehacker.com/5817282/what-k...on-my-linux-pc
    For more info on UEFI boot install & repair - Regularly Updated :
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2147295
    Please use Thread Tools above first post to change to [Solved] when/if answered completely.

  7. #1257
    Join Date
    Jun 2013
    Beans
    2

    Re: [Boot-Repair] Graphical tool to repair the PC boot in 1 click!

    Thank you so much. The "Restore EFI Backups" option in boot repair worked perfectly. Now i just need to know how to get grub to let me select my OS at startup now that i have ubuntu still installed on my hard drive. If you could give me any tips i would be very thankful.

  8. #1258
    Join Date
    Jun 2009
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    Distro
    Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus

    Re: [Boot-Repair] Graphical tool to repair the PC boot in 1 click!

    The issue is whether your UEFI is one that is incorrectly hard coded to just boot bootmgfw.efi or just boot Windows. That is the reason for the rename.
    You still should be able to go into the UEFI menu and see both Windows and ubuntu. Since Ubuntu has the shim & secure boot files it really should boot directly whether secure boot is on or not, you can try both. And Windows with secure boot off. If you get errors then you can only boot with secure boot and the renamed grub file.
    But we have to make sure Windows is shutdown without hibernation and add the file rename again.
    For more info on UEFI boot install & repair - Regularly Updated :
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2147295
    Please use Thread Tools above first post to change to [Solved] when/if answered completely.

  9. #1259
    Join Date
    Jul 2013
    Beans
    1

    Re: [Boot-Repair] Graphical tool to repair the PC boot in 1 click!

    Hello,
    This is my very first post in a linux forum, and I think I have a huge problem with this...
    i followed all the steps and the boot repair showed me a "successful boot" screen. so i rebooted my laptop but it did not work.
    The original problem was that I could not boot windows, it launched me directly to ubuntu....now I can't even load ubuntu ( I have this black screen saying MINIMAL BASH is required...) from GRUB.
    this is the pastebin:
    http://paste.ubuntu.com/5838385/
    hope you guys can help me solve this. I definitely need to launch windows since i'm just learning the very basics of linux.
    thanks!

  10. #1260
    Join Date
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    Distro
    Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus

    Re: [Boot-Repair] Graphical tool to repair the PC boot in 1 click!

    @saki1988
    Welcome to the forums.
    I do not think Boot-Repair can fix system unless you unencrypt your main partition. I do not know LVM and encryption.
    chroot & reinstall grub encrypted LVM
    http://stephentanner.com/index.php/2...encrypted-lvm/
    For more info on UEFI boot install & repair - Regularly Updated :
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2147295
    Please use Thread Tools above first post to change to [Solved] when/if answered completely.

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