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Thread: Basic Java Programming Problems

  1. #1
    Join Date
    May 2011

    Red face Basic Java Programming Problems

    Hi everyone,

    I'm stuck on arrays in a program I'm trying to create to measure the area of an annulus. Can someone help me? I can't figure out how to loop my first array to repeat 100 times, and I think my 2D array is also looking dodgy.

    Here is my pseudocode to show what I'm supposed to be doing, and my actual program is beneath it. Sorry it's so long!!!! :

    BEGIN Area of Annulus
    Set gridSize = 20 (we could use 20 by 20 grid cells)
    Create a 2D array, hits, to count how many points are on the shape
    Set samples = 100 (let’s use 100 random points inside each cell)
    Get r1 from user (outer radius)
    Get r2 from user (inner radius)
    Set minx = -r1
    Set maxx = r1
    Set miny = -r1
    Set maxy = r1
    Set counter = 0 (will count how many grid cells are on the annulus)
    For column = 0 to gridSize-1
    For row = 0 to gridSize-1
    Set hits[column][row] to 0
    Repeat samples times
    Set x = minx + (column + random)*((maxx–minx)/gridSize)
    Set y = miny + (row + random)*((maxy–miny)/gridSize)
    Set test = x*x + y*y
    if test < r1*r1 and test > r2*r2
    Set hits[column][row] = hits[column][row] + 1
    Set hits[column][row] = hits[column][row]/samples
    Set counter = counter + hits[column][row]
    Set area = (maxx-minx)*(maxy-miny)*counter/(gridSize * gridSize)
    Output “Area : ” area
    END Area of Annulus

    import java.util.Scanner;

    public class AreaOfAnnulus
    public static void main (String args[])


    // set grid size
    int gridSize = 20;

    //declare a new array
    final int samples = 100;
    int []numbers= new int [samples];

    //create Scanner object
    Scanner keyboard = new Scanner (;

    //ask user for outer radius
    System.out.println ("Please enter the outer radius of the annulus");

    double r1 = keyboard.nextDouble();

    //Ask user for the inner radius
    System.out.println ("Please enter the inner radius of the annulus");

    double r2 = keyboard.nextDouble();

    //set column = x

    //set minx = 1r1
    double minx = -r1;
    //set maxx = r1
    double maxx = r1;
    //set miny -= -r1
    double miny = -r1;
    //set maxy = r1
    double maxy = r1;

    //set counter = 0

    double counter = 0;

    //set column and row for loops
    for (int column = 0; column <samples.length(); column++) { I'm getting an 'int can not be dereferenced eroor on these lines!!
    for (int row = 0; row <samples.length(); row++){

    //set 2D array

    int [][] hits = new int [column][row];

    hits [column][row] = hits [0][0];

    //set inner nested loop

    double y = miny +(row + Math.random())*((maxy-miny)/gridSize);

    double x = minx +(column +Math.random())*((maxx-minx)/gridSize);

    //set x and y

    //set test

    double test = x*x + y*y;

    if(test < r1*r1 && test > r2*r2)

    hits [0][0] = hits [0][0]+1;

    hits [0][0] = hits [0][0]/samples;

    counter = counter + hits [0][0];
    //set area
    double area = (maxx-minx)*(maxy-miny)*counter/(gridSize*gridSize);

    System.out.println ("Area: " + area);

    System.out.println ("What is the outer radius of the annulus?");

    double radius1 = keyboard.nextDouble();

    System.out.println ("What is the inner radius of the annulus?");

    double radius2 = keyboard.nextDouble();

    //calculate the area based on the measurements provided

    area = Math.PI * (radius1 * radius1 - radius2 * radius2);

    System.out.println ("The area of the annulus is" + area);

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Nov 2009

    Re: Basic Java Programming Problems

    1. Please use CODE tags.

    2. If you pay attention the actual error message, it should be clear what's wrong.

    An 'int' cannot be dereferenced, because it's not a reference; it's a primitive. 'samples' is an int. It's not even clear WHY you're trying to dereference it, instead of simply treating it like an int; e.g. "column < samples". What is the length of an int?

  3. #3
    Join Date
    May 2011

    Re: Basic Java Programming Problems


    2. Yeah I had actually figured that bit out, but it's not solving the issue of how to get the pseudocode to translate into programmable code.

    Not even remotely helpful: I'm not a programmer, I don't like programming, and I'm forced to teach myself because I'm learning externally and it's a compulsory subject.

    I'll ask somewhere else.

  4. #4
    Join Date
    May 2011

    Re: Basic Java Programming Problems

    sorry; my tutor just came back to me with something that sounded like Yoda talking; it's due tomorrow and I got stressed.

    Almost done. Thanks for your help

  5. #5
    Join Date
    May 2007
    Leeds, UK

    Re: Basic Java Programming Problems

    Quote Originally Posted by hadenkl View Post
    Code tags allow you to put code into a post and retain the formatting. It makes your code snippets much easier to read and you are more likely to get help.

    You can:

    1. Enclose your code with tags like these (no spaces inside the tags): [code] and [ /code]


    2. When you reply or post, select your code with the mouse and press the shortcut button '#' in the toolbar that appears above it.

    For example:

    int main(int argc, char **argv)
            printf("hello, world");
    as opposed to:

    int main(int argc, char **argv)
    printf("hello, world");

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Feb 2010

    Re: Basic Java Programming Problems

    samples is neither an array nor an object
    Last edited by dr_saaron; May 14th, 2011 at 02:10 PM.

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