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Thread: DHCP3 Server won't start

  1. #1
    Join Date
    May 2010
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    DHCP3 Server won't start

    [B]Hi,

    I have followed the ubuntu guide for setting up a dhcp3-server server for my internal network, I have installed dhcp3-server, configured it refuse to start, here are some background:

    This is my /etc/default/dhcp3-server:

    # Defaults for dhcp initscript
    # sourced by /etc/init.d/dhcp
    # installed at /etc/default/dhcp3-server by the maintainer scripts

    #
    # This is a POSIX shell fragment
    #

    # On what interfaces should the DHCP server (dhcpd) serve DHCP requests?
    # Separate multiple interfaces with spaces, e.g. "eth0 eth1".
    INTERFACES="eth1"

    This is from my ifconfig:

    eth1 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:50:bf:db:49:16
    inet addr:192.168.0.1 Bcast:192.168.0.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
    inet6 addr: fe80::250:bfff:fedb:4916/64 Scope:Link
    UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
    RX packets:42971806 errors:7 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
    TX packets:33846980 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
    collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
    RX bytes:3000265991 (3.0 GB) TX bytes:1547648482 (1.5 GB)
    Interrupt:12 Base address:0xdc00

    This is my /etc/dhcp3/dhcpd.conf:


    # Sample /etc/dhcpd.conf
    # (add your comments here)
    default-lease-time 600;
    max-lease-time 7200;
    option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0;
    option broadcast-address 192.168.0.255;
    option routers 192.168.0.1;
    option domain-name-servers 81.26.226.3, 81.26.226.2;
    option domain-name "mydomain.com";

    subnet 192.168.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 {
    range 192.168.0.40 192.168.0.90;
    range 192.168.0.201 192.168.0.245;
    }

    And below is a tail from the syslog when I try to start it:

    Feb 1 16:11:34 server dhcpd: Wrote 0 leases to leases file.
    Feb 1 16:11:34 server dhcpd: Can't bind to dhcp address: Address already in use
    Feb 1 16:11:34 server dhcpd: Please make sure there is no other dhcp server
    Feb 1 16:11:34 server dhcpd: running and that there's no entry for dhcp or
    Feb 1 16:11:34 server dhcpd: bootp in /etc/inetd.conf. Also make sure you
    Feb 1 16:11:34 server dhcpd: are not running HP JetAdmin software, which
    Feb 1 16:11:34 server dhcpd: includes a bootp server.


    So my question is, how can I further trace the error?


    Any help is apprichiated

    /Eaglecoth

  2. #2
    Join Date
    May 2010
    Beans
    12

    Re: DHCP3 Server won't start

    In addition to the above, here is my /etc/inetd.conf:


    #<off># netbios-ssn stream tcp nowait root /usr/sbin/tcpd /usr/sbin/smbd
    swat stream tcp nowait.400 root /usr/sbin/tcpd /usr/sbin/swat


    I don't have any HP jetdirect software installed. And as far as I know there is no other DHCP server running (I have tried to let a client get ip from DHCP without success)

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Nov 2008
    Location
    Metro Boston
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    11,499
    Distro
    Kubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr

    Re: DHCP3 Server won't start

    As the error says, dhcpd cannot bind to the port it uses (67).

    One possibility is that eth1 is not configured. Is there an eth1? Is it configured with a static address, etc.?

    That would be my first guess, though I suppose it's possible that you tried starting dhcpd twice, and already have one instance running. Try running "ps ax | grep dhcp" and see if anything turns up.

  4. #4
    Join Date
    May 2010
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    12

    Re: DHCP3 Server won't start

    Here is the return of the ps run:
    ps ax | grep dhcp
    7654 pts/0 R+ 0:00 grep --color=auto dhcp

    i.e. no dhcpd running

    eth1 is configured and running:


    >ping 192.168.0.200
    PING 192.168.0.200 (192.168.0.200) 56(84) bytes of data.
    64 bytes from 192.168.0.200: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=2.47 ms


    eth0 is also cofigured and connected the the net:

    >ping av.com
    PING av.com (68.180.206.184) 56(84) bytes of data.
    64 bytes from w2.rc.vip.sp1.yahoo.com (68.180.206.184): icmp_seq=1 ttl=52 time=203 ms

  5. #5
    Join Date
    May 2010
    Beans
    12

    Re: DHCP3 Server won't start

    Hi,

    Sorry I didn't reply your first question:

    Yes both eth0 and eth1 are configured with static-addresses. Eth0 is internet connected and belongs to a different subnet, Eth1 is configured outside of the proposed range for the dhcpd

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Nov 2008
    Location
    Metro Boston
    Beans
    11,499
    Distro
    Kubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr

    Re: DHCP3 Server won't start

    I haven't set up a dhcpd instance in a while now. On my CentOS server here, running 3.0.5, I include the interface on the command line:

    /usr/sbin/dhcpd eth1

    to force it to listen on eth1. I don't know how that fits with the INTERFACES directive, but you might give it a try. I don't have an INTERFACES directive in my dhcpd.conf, though.

  7. #7
    Join Date
    May 2010
    Beans
    12

    Re: DHCP3 Server won't start

    Hi,

    Manual start of the dhcpd3 yields the same error:

    >sudo /usr/sbin/dhcpd3 eth1

    Internet Systems Consortium DHCP Server V3.1.2
    Copyright 2004-2008 Internet Systems Consortium.
    All rights reserved.
    For info, please visit http://www.isc.org/sw/dhcp/
    Wrote 0 leases to leases file.
    Listening on LPF/eth1/00:50:bf:db:49:16/192.168.0/24
    Sending on LPF/eth1/00:50:bf:db:49:16/192.168.0/24
    Can't bind to dhcp address: Address already in use
    Please make sure there is no other dhcp server
    running and that there's no entry for dhcp or
    bootp in /etc/inetd.conf. Also make sure you
    are not running HP JetAdmin software, which
    includes a bootp server.

  8. #8
    Join Date
    May 2010
    Beans
    12

    Re: DHCP3 Server won't start

    Hi again,

    So in order to isolate the problem, could we now rule out that the configuration of the dhcpd3 server is correct and that the error must be something of the following:

    1. There is some dhcp-server running on the network (on another machine or device)

    If this is the case, how could I locate it?

    2. There is something on the ubuntu-machine blocking execution.

    If this is the case, how could I locate such a process?

    Is there anyway you can get more debugging info out of the dhcpd3 binary when it starts?



    Thanks for your help

    /Eaglecoth

  9. #9
    Join Date
    May 2010
    Beans
    12

    Re: DHCP3 Server won't start

    Hi,


    If I disconnect all other machines from the 192.168.0.x network and try to restart the dhcpd3 server. Then I should be able to rule out if it is a problem on the machine or if there is some external source disturbing right?



    /Eaglecoth

  10. #10
    Join Date
    Nov 2008
    Location
    Metro Boston
    Beans
    11,499
    Distro
    Kubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr

    Re: DHCP3 Server won't start

    Another machine running dhcp won't cause this error; dhcpd can't bind to the port on your machine itself.

    Another way this error can occur is if you're running an iptables firewall and don't have ports 67 and 68 open at all. If you are running iptables, make sure you have a pair of rules like this:

    Code:
    iptables -A INPUT -i eth1 -p tcp --dport 67:68 -j ACCEPT
    iptables -A INPUT -i eth1 -p udp --dport 67:68 -j ACCEPT
    These need to come before any default DENY or REJECT rules. (If --dport doesn't work for udp, use --destination-port instead.)

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