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Thread: Grub Stage 1.5 Error 2??

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
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    9
    Distro
    Ubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron

    Grub Stage 1.5 Error 2??

    Hello,

    I am new to Linux and Ubuntu. I have a Dell Optiplex GX260 with 2Gigahertz processor, 512 mb of ram, a Hitachi 250GB harddrive. I am trying to install Ubuntu 8.4.1 LTS I think in a multiboot confguration with Windows XP. I have partitioned my disks properly (120GB for windows NTFS, 105GB for Ubuntu Ext3 and 6GB of swap space, these are all primary partitions). I went throught the installation properly and selected that GRUB should be loaded at (hd0)> I then finished the install.

    When I rebooted my PC It said
    Code:
    Grub Stage 1.5
    
    GURB is loading, please wait...
    Error 2
    I have tried installing Grub into several different places but to no avail...

    Could any one help me??


    Thanks

    Yougm

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Nov 2007
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    140
    Distro
    Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala

    Re: Grub Stage 1.5 Error 2??

    Allocate space for Ubuntu first from within Windows. Then use the Live CD and install using the option 'maximum free space'.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Feb 2007
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    Brasil
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    102
    Distro
    Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx

    Re: Grub Stage 1.5 Error 2??

    On GRUB Legacy Page--Grub version 0.97-- there is information about COMMON BOOTING ERRORS AND SOME POSSIBLE CURES:
    Grub Errors:
    http://members.iinet.net.au/%7Eherma...ml#Grub_Errors

    Grub Error 2:
    http://members.iinet.net.au/%7Eherman546/p15.html#2_

    Common Booting Errors:
    http://members.iinet.net.au/%7Eherma..._Some_Possible

    See also:
    1)Installing Ubuntu 8.04 LTS
    Hardy Heron step-by-step installation guide with screenshots:
    http://news.softpedia.com/news/Insta...TS-84314.shtml

    EDIT
    2)How to dual boot Windows XP and Linux (XP installed first) -- the step-by-step guide with screenshots.
    You want the simplest way to dual-boot XP and Linux. You've already installed Windows XP and now want to dual-boot it with Ubuntu 8.04
    http://apcmag.com/how_to_dual_boot_w...lled_first.htm

    EDIT
    3)Install Ubuntu after Windows
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Wi...fter%20Windows
    Last edited by ssican; January 23rd, 2010 at 02:10 PM.

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Apr 2008
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    11,630

    Re: Grub Stage 1.5 Error 2??

    That is a rare error but it still might be helpful to see the output of the Boot Info Script as described here:

    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1291280

    Also, assuming you have only one hard drive, the output of:

    Code:
    sudo parted /dev/sda print

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
    Beans
    9
    Distro
    Ubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron

    Re: Grub Stage 1.5 Error 2??

    Ok, I tried the tutorials sscian gave me, it didn't work. " Kansasnoob here is the output of the sudo script '
    Disk /dev/sda: 250GB
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
    Partition Table: msdos

    Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
    1 32.3kB 137GB 137GB primary ntfs boot
    2 137GB 243GB 106GB extended
    5 137GB 242GB 104GB logical ext3
    6 242GB 243GB 1546MB logical linux-swap
    3 243GB 250GB 6720MB primary linux-swap

    Information: Don't forget to update /etc/fstab, if necessary
    . ' I think its says the boot system is msdos becuase I have to reinstall the microsoft mbr to get my machine going again. This is the other little script '


    ============================= Boot Info Summary: ==============================

    => Windows is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda
    sda1: __________________________________________________ _______________________

    File system: ntfs
    Boot sector type: Windows XP
    Boot sector info: No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System: Windows XP
    Boot files/dirs: /boot.ini /ntldr /NTDETECT.COM

    sda2: __________________________________________________ _______________________

    File system: Extended Partition
    Boot sector type: -
    Boot sector info:

    sda5: __________________________________________________ _______________________

    File system: ext3
    Boot sector type: -
    Boot sector info:
    Operating System: Ubuntu 8.04.1
    Boot files/dirs: /boot/grub/menu.lst /etc/fstab

    sda6: __________________________________________________ _______________________

    File system: swap
    Boot sector type: -
    Boot sector info:

    sda3: __________________________________________________ _______________________

    File system: swap
    Boot sector type: -
    Boot sector info:

    =========================== Drive/Partition Info: =============================

    Drive: sda ___________________ __________________________________________________ ___

    Disk /dev/sda: 250.0 GB, 250059350016 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 30401 cylinders, total 488397168 sectors
    Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Disk identifier: 0x9ca69ca6

    Partition Boot Start End Size Id System

    /dev/sda1 * 63 268,269,434 268,269,372 7 HPFS/NTFS
    /dev/sda2 268,269,435 475,266,959 206,997,525 5 Extended
    /dev/sda5 268,269,498 472,246,739 203,977,242 83 Linux
    /dev/sda6 472,246,803 475,266,959 3,020,157 82 Linux swap / Solaris
    /dev/sda3 475,266,960 488,392,064 13,125,105 82 Linux swap / Solaris


    blkid -c /dev/null: __________________________________________________ __________

    /dev/loop0: TYPE="squashfs"
    /dev/sda1: UUID="9088E96188E945F6" LABEL="Optiplex" TYPE="ntfs"
    /dev/sda3: TYPE="swap" UUID="ffffffff-ffff-ffff-ffff-ffffffffffff"
    /dev/sda3: UUID="ffffffff-ffff-ffff-ffff-ffffffffffff" TYPE="swap"
    /dev/sda5: UUID="d52ffa69-d6e3-4b75-b51d-5cf9b1e8717a" SEC_TYPE="ext2" TYPE="ext3"
    /dev/sda6: TYPE="swap" UUID="1a092fa5-7f8f-457f-970d-89e6ae706592"
    /dev/sda6: UUID="1a092fa5-7f8f-457f-970d-89e6ae706592" TYPE="swap"

    =============================== "mount" output: ===============================

    proc on /proc type proc (rw)
    sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw)
    tmpfs on /lib/modules/2.6.24-19-generic/volatile type tmpfs (rw,mode=0755)
    tmpfs on /lib/modules/2.6.24-19-generic/volatile type tmpfs (rw,mode=0755)
    varrun on /var/run type tmpfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev,mode=0755)
    varlock on /var/lock type tmpfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev,mode=1777)
    udev on /dev type tmpfs (rw,mode=0755)
    devshm on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw)
    devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,gid=5,mode=620)
    tmpfs on /tmp type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev)
    gvfs-fuse-daemon on /home/ubuntu/.gvfs type fuse.gvfs-fuse-daemon (rw,nosuid,nodev,user=ubuntu)


    ================================ sda1/boot.ini: ================================

    [boot loader]
    timeout=30
    default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOW S
    [operating systems]
    multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Micro soft Windows XP Professional" /fastdetect /NoExecute=OptOut

    =========================== sda5/boot/grub/menu.lst: ===========================

    # menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
    # grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
    # grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
    # and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.

    ## default num
    # Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
    # the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
    #
    # You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
    # is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
    # WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not use 'savedefault' or your
    # array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
    default 0

    ## timeout sec
    # Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
    # (normally the first entry defined).
    timeout 10

    ## hiddenmenu
    # Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
    #hiddenmenu

    # Pretty colours
    #color cyan/blue white/blue

    ## password ['--md5'] passwd
    # If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
    # control (menu entry editor and command-line) and entries protected by the
    # command 'lock'
    # e.g. password topsecret
    # password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
    # password topsecret

    #
    # examples
    #
    # title Windows 95/98/NT/2000
    # root (hd0,0)
    # makeactive
    # chainloader +1
    #
    # title Linux
    # root (hd0,1)
    # kernel /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
    #

    #
    # Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST

    ### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
    ## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
    ## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below

    ## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs

    ## ## Start Default Options ##
    ## default kernel options
    ## default kernel options for automagic boot options
    ## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
    ## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
    ## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
    ## kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
    ## kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
    # kopt=root=UUID=d52ffa69-d6e3-4b75-b51d-5cf9b1e8717a ro

    ## Setup crashdump menu entries
    ## e.g. crashdump=1
    # crashdump=0

    ## default grub root device
    ## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
    # groot=(hd0,4)

    ## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
    ## e.g. alternative=true
    ## alternative=false
    # alternative=true

    ## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
    ## e.g. lockalternative=true
    ## lockalternative=false
    # lockalternative=false

    ## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
    ## alternatives
    ## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
    # defoptions=quiet splash

    ## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
    ## e.g. lockold=false
    ## lockold=true
    # lockold=false

    ## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
    # xenhopt=

    ## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
    # xenkopt=console=tty0

    ## altoption boot targets option
    ## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
    ## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
    ## altoptions=(recovery) single
    # altoptions=(recovery mode) single

    ## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
    ## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
    ## alternative kernel options
    ## e.g. howmany=all
    ## howmany=7
    # howmany=all

    ## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
    ## e.g. memtest86=true
    ## memtest86=false
    # memtest86=true

    ## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
    ## can be true or false
    # updatedefaultentry=false

    ## should update-grub add savedefault to the default options
    ## can be true or false
    # savedefault=false

    ## ## End Default Options ##

    title Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic
    root (hd0,4)
    kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=d52ffa69-d6e3-4b75-b51d-5cf9b1e8717a ro quiet splash
    initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic
    quiet

    title Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic (recovery mode)
    root (hd0,4)
    kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=d52ffa69-d6e3-4b75-b51d-5cf9b1e8717a ro single
    initrd /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic

    title Ubuntu 8.04.1, memtest86+
    root (hd0,4)
    kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
    quiet

    ### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST

    # This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the Debian
    # ones.
    title Other operating systems:
    root


    # This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
    # on /dev/sda1
    title Microsoft Windows XP Professional
    root (hd0,0)
    savedefault
    makeactive
    chainloader +1


    =============================== sda5/etc/fstab: ===============================

    # /etc/fstab: static file system information.
    #
    # <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
    proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
    # /dev/sda5
    UUID=d52ffa69-d6e3-4b75-b51d-5cf9b1e8717a / ext3 relatime,errors=remount-ro 0 1
    # /dev/sda6
    UUID=1a092fa5-7f8f-457f-970d-89e6ae706592 none swap sw 0 0
    /dev/scd0 /media/cdrom0 udf,iso9660 user,noauto,exec,utf8 0 0
    /dev/scd1 /media/cdrom1 udf,iso9660 user,noauto,exec,utf8 0 0
    /dev/fd0 /media/floppy0 auto rw,user,noauto,exec,utf8 0 0

    =================== sda5: Location of files loaded by Grub: ===================


    233.7GB: boot/grub/menu.lst
    233.8GB: boot/grub/stage2
    233.7GB: boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic
    233.8GB: boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic
    233.7GB: initrd.img
    233.8GB: vmlinuz
    =============================== StdErr Messages: ===============================

    ls: cannot access /dev/mapper: No such file or directory
    Last edited by Yougm; January 25th, 2010 at 08:50 PM.

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
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    Philadelphia, PA
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    Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr

    Re: Grub Stage 1.5 Error 2??

    A few things I noticed:

    Code:
    => Windows is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda
    GRUB is not installed to MBR

    Code:
    Drive: sda ___________________ __________________________________________________ ___
    
    Disk /dev/sda: 250.0 GB, 250059350016 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 30401 cylinders, total 488397168 sectors
    Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Disk identifier: 0x9ca69ca6
    
    Partition Boot Start End Size Id System
    
    /dev/sda1 * 63 268,269,434 268,269,372 7 HPFS/NTFS
    /dev/sda2 268,269,435 475,266,959 206,997,525 5 Extended
    /dev/sda5 268,269,498 472,246,739 203,977,242 83 Linux
    /dev/sda6 472,246,803 475,266,959 3,020,157 82 Linux swap / Solaris
    /dev/sda3 475,266,960 488,392,064 13,125,105 82 Linux swap / Solaris
    
    
    blkid -c /dev/null: __________________________________________________ __________
    
    /dev/loop0: TYPE="squashfs"
    /dev/sda1: UUID="9088E96188E945F6" LABEL="Optiplex" TYPE="ntfs"
    /dev/sda3: TYPE="swap" UUID="ffffffff-ffff-ffff-ffff-ffffffffffff"
    /dev/sda3: UUID="ffffffff-ffff-ffff-ffff-ffffffffffff" TYPE="swap"
    /dev/sda5: UUID="d52ffa69-d6e3-4b75-b51d-5cf9b1e8717a" SEC_TYPE="ext2" TYPE="ext3"
    /dev/sda6: TYPE="swap" UUID="1a092fa5-7f8f-457f-970d-89e6ae706592"
    /dev/sda6: UUID="1a092fa5-7f8f-457f-970d-89e6ae706592" TYPE="swap"
    your swap partitions entries are duplicated-that is odd indeed
    Code:
    =================== sda5: Location of files loaded by Grub: ===================
    
    
    233.7GB: boot/grub/menu.lst
    233.8GB: boot/grub/stage2
    233.7GB: boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic
    233.8GB: boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic
    233.7GB: initrd.img
    233.8GB: vmlinuz
    Your files loaded by GRUB are at 233 GB on your disk. If your machine is older it may be subject to the 137 GB limit that BIOS can read on a disk. If that is so you need to look for a BIOS update that addresses that issue or create a separate boot partition at the beginning of your disk.

    But first let's put GRUB in the MBR and see if that gets you booting. Boot the Ubuntu Live CD and at the menu choose "try ubuntu without any changes". When the deskttop loads open a terminal and do this:

    Code:
    1. Boot your computer up with Ubuntu CD
    2. Open a terminal window or switch to a tty.
    3. Type sudo grub. Should get text of which last line is grub>
    4. Type "find /boot/grub/stage1". You'll get a response like "(hd0,4)". 
       Use whatever your computer spits out for the following lines.
    5. Type "root (hd0,4)"
    6. Type "setup (hd0)", to install GRUB to MBR
    7. Quit grub by typing "quit".
    8. Reboot and remove the bootable CD.
    THis will put GRUB on MBR. If you get a GRUB error 18 when booting again the problem is your boot files are located past the point on your disk that is the limit that BIOS can read up to as I mentioned earlier.
    Multi-boot: Arch linux, Ubuntu 12.04, Windows 7 & Windows 8

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Apr 2008
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    3,317
    Distro
    Kubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala

    Re: Grub Stage 1.5 Error 2??

    entries are duplicated-that is odd indeed
    That's a bug in the boot info script. I already fixed it, but haven't filed the new release yet. But will do so later today.
    Last edited by meierfra.; January 25th, 2010 at 09:59 PM.

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
    Beans
    9
    Distro
    Ubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron

    Re: Grub Stage 1.5 Error 2??

    OK presence1960, I reinstalled grub like you said, however I still have a GRUB Error 2...
    What should I do??


    Thanks in advance

    Yougm

  9. #9
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Location
    Philadelphia, PA
    Beans
    5,193
    Distro
    Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr

    Re: Grub Stage 1.5 Error 2??

    Quote Originally Posted by Yougm View Post
    OK presence1960, I reinstalled grub like you said, however I still have a GRUB Error 2...
    What should I do??


    Thanks in advance

    Yougm
    Run the boot info script again and let's see what changed. Post the results back here.
    Multi-boot: Arch linux, Ubuntu 12.04, Windows 7 & Windows 8

  10. #10
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
    Beans
    9
    Distro
    Ubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron

    Re: Grub Stage 1.5 Error 2??

    Ok I ran the boot script. Here is what I got

    Code:
    ============================= Boot Info Summary: ==============================
    
     => Grub 0.97 is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda and looks on the same drive 
        in partition #5 for /boot/grub/stage2 and /boot/grub/menu.lst.
    sda1: _________________________________________________________________________
    
        File system:       ntfs
        Boot sector type:  Windows XP
        Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
        Operating System:  Windows XP
        Boot files/dirs:   /boot.ini /ntldr /NTDETECT.COM
    
    sda2: _________________________________________________________________________
    
        File system:       Extended Partition
        Boot sector type:  -
        Boot sector info:  
    
    sda5: _________________________________________________________________________
    
        File system:       ext3
        Boot sector type:  Grub
        Boot sector info:  Grub 0.97 is installed in the boot sector of sda5 and 
                           looks at sector 456659498 of the same hard drive for 
                           the stage2 file. A stage2 file is at this location on 
                           /dev/sda. Stage2 looks on partition #5 for 
                           /boot/grub/menu.lst.
        Operating System:  Ubuntu 8.04.1
        Boot files/dirs:   /boot/grub/menu.lst /etc/fstab
    
    sda6: _________________________________________________________________________
    
        File system:       swap
        Boot sector type:  -
        Boot sector info:  
    
    sda3: _________________________________________________________________________
    
        File system:       swap
        Boot sector type:  -
        Boot sector info:  
    
    =========================== Drive/Partition Info: =============================
    
    Drive: sda ___________________ _____________________________________________________
    
    Disk /dev/sda: 250.0 GB, 250059350016 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 30401 cylinders, total 488397168 sectors
    Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Disk identifier: 0x9ca69ca6
    
    Partition  Boot         Start           End          Size  Id System
    
    /dev/sda1    *             63   268,269,434   268,269,372   7 HPFS/NTFS
    /dev/sda2         268,269,435   475,266,959   206,997,525   5 Extended
    /dev/sda5         268,269,498   472,246,739   203,977,242  83 Linux
    /dev/sda6         472,246,803   475,266,959     3,020,157  82 Linux swap / Solaris
    /dev/sda3         475,266,960   488,392,064    13,125,105  82 Linux swap / Solaris
    
    
    blkid -c /dev/null: ____________________________________________________________
    
    Device           UUID                                   TYPE       LABEL                         
    
    /dev/loop0                                              squashfs                                 
    /dev/sda1        9088E96188E945F6                       ntfs       Optiplex                      
    /dev/sda3        ffffffff-ffff-ffff-ffff-ffffffffffff   swap                                     
    /dev/sda5        d52ffa69-d6e3-4b75-b51d-5cf9b1e8717a   ext3                                     
    /dev/sda6        1a092fa5-7f8f-457f-970d-89e6ae706592   swap                                     
    
    ============================ "mount | grep ^/dev  output: ===========================
    
    Device           Mount_Point              Type       Options
    
    
    
    ================================ sda1/boot.ini: ================================
    
    [boot loader] 
    timeout=30 
    default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS 
    [operating systems] 
    multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Microsoft Windows XP Professional" /fastdetect /NoExecute=OptOut 
    
    =========================== sda5/boot/grub/menu.lst: ===========================
    
    # menu.lst - See: grub(8), info grub, update-grub(8)
    #            grub-install(8), grub-floppy(8),
    #            grub-md5-crypt, /usr/share/doc/grub
    #            and /usr/share/doc/grub-doc/.
    
    ## default num
    # Set the default entry to the entry number NUM. Numbering starts from 0, and
    # the entry number 0 is the default if the command is not used.
    #
    # You can specify 'saved' instead of a number. In this case, the default entry
    # is the entry saved with the command 'savedefault'.
    # WARNING: If you are using dmraid do not use 'savedefault' or your
    # array will desync and will not let you boot your system.
    default        0
    
    ## timeout sec
    # Set a timeout, in SEC seconds, before automatically booting the default entry
    # (normally the first entry defined).
    timeout        10
    
    ## hiddenmenu
    # Hides the menu by default (press ESC to see the menu)
    #hiddenmenu
    
    # Pretty colours
    #color cyan/blue white/blue
    
    ## password ['--md5'] passwd
    # If used in the first section of a menu file, disable all interactive editing
    # control (menu entry editor and command-line)  and entries protected by the
    # command 'lock'
    # e.g. password topsecret
    #      password --md5 $1$gLhU0/$aW78kHK1QfV3P2b2znUoe/
    # password topsecret
    
    #
    # examples
    #
    # title        Windows 95/98/NT/2000
    # root        (hd0,0)
    # makeactive
    # chainloader    +1
    #
    # title        Linux
    # root        (hd0,1)
    # kernel    /vmlinuz root=/dev/hda2 ro
    #
    
    #
    # Put static boot stanzas before and/or after AUTOMAGIC KERNEL LIST
    
    ### BEGIN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
    ## lines between the AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST markers will be modified
    ## by the debian update-grub script except for the default options below
    
    ## DO NOT UNCOMMENT THEM, Just edit them to your needs
    
    ## ## Start Default Options ##
    ## default kernel options
    ## default kernel options for automagic boot options
    ## If you want special options for specific kernels use kopt_x_y_z
    ## where x.y.z is kernel version. Minor versions can be omitted.
    ## e.g. kopt=root=/dev/hda1 ro
    ##      kopt_2_6_8=root=/dev/hdc1 ro
    ##      kopt_2_6_8_2_686=root=/dev/hdc2 ro
    # kopt=root=UUID=d52ffa69-d6e3-4b75-b51d-5cf9b1e8717a ro
    
    ## Setup crashdump menu entries
    ## e.g. crashdump=1
    # crashdump=0
    
    ## default grub root device
    ## e.g. groot=(hd0,0)
    # groot=(hd0,4)
    
    ## should update-grub create alternative automagic boot options
    ## e.g. alternative=true
    ##      alternative=false
    # alternative=true
    
    ## should update-grub lock alternative automagic boot options
    ## e.g. lockalternative=true
    ##      lockalternative=false
    # lockalternative=false
    
    ## additional options to use with the default boot option, but not with the
    ## alternatives
    ## e.g. defoptions=vga=791 resume=/dev/hda5
    # defoptions=quiet splash
    
    ## should update-grub lock old automagic boot options
    ## e.g. lockold=false
    ##      lockold=true
    # lockold=false
    
    ## Xen hypervisor options to use with the default Xen boot option
    # xenhopt=
    
    ## Xen Linux kernel options to use with the default Xen boot option
    # xenkopt=console=tty0
    
    ## altoption boot targets option
    ## multiple altoptions lines are allowed
    ## e.g. altoptions=(extra menu suffix) extra boot options
    ##      altoptions=(recovery) single
    # altoptions=(recovery mode) single
    
    ## controls how many kernels should be put into the menu.lst
    ## only counts the first occurence of a kernel, not the
    ## alternative kernel options
    ## e.g. howmany=all
    ##      howmany=7
    # howmany=all
    
    ## should update-grub create memtest86 boot option
    ## e.g. memtest86=true
    ##      memtest86=false
    # memtest86=true
    
    ## should update-grub adjust the value of the default booted system
    ## can be true or false
    # updatedefaultentry=false
    
    ## should update-grub add savedefault to the default options
    ## can be true or false
    # savedefault=false
    
    ## ## End Default Options ##
    
    title        Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic
    root        (hd0,4)
    kernel        /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=d52ffa69-d6e3-4b75-b51d-5cf9b1e8717a ro quiet splash
    initrd        /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic
    quiet
    
    title        Ubuntu 8.04.1, kernel 2.6.24-19-generic (recovery mode)
    root        (hd0,4)
    kernel        /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=d52ffa69-d6e3-4b75-b51d-5cf9b1e8717a ro single
    initrd        /boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic
    
    title        Ubuntu 8.04.1, memtest86+
    root        (hd0,4)
    kernel        /boot/memtest86+.bin
    quiet
    
    ### END DEBIAN AUTOMAGIC KERNELS LIST
    
    # This is a divider, added to separate the menu items below from the Debian
    # ones.
    title        Other operating systems:
    root
    
    
    # This entry automatically added by the Debian installer for a non-linux OS
    # on /dev/sda1
    title        Microsoft Windows XP Professional
    root        (hd0,0)
    savedefault
    makeactive
    chainloader    +1
    
    
    =============================== sda5/etc/fstab: ===============================
    
    # /etc/fstab: static file system information.
    #
    # <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
    proc            /proc           proc    defaults        0       0
    # /dev/sda5
    UUID=d52ffa69-d6e3-4b75-b51d-5cf9b1e8717a /               ext3    relatime,errors=remount-ro 0       1
    # /dev/sda6
    UUID=1a092fa5-7f8f-457f-970d-89e6ae706592 none            swap    sw              0       0
    /dev/scd0       /media/cdrom0   udf,iso9660 user,noauto,exec,utf8 0       0
    /dev/scd1       /media/cdrom1   udf,iso9660 user,noauto,exec,utf8 0       0
    /dev/fd0        /media/floppy0  auto    rw,user,noauto,exec,utf8 0       0
    
    =================== sda5: Location of files loaded by Grub: ===================
    
    
     233.7GB: boot/grub/menu.lst
     233.8GB: boot/grub/stage2
     233.7GB: boot/initrd.img-2.6.24-19-generic
     233.8GB: boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic
     233.7GB: initrd.img
     233.8GB: vmlinuz

    Thanks

    Yougm

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