Over the last few years I have written several guides for the installation of the development version of MPlayer under Ubuntu. This particular version of that long series of guides is intended to bring the benefits of the cutting edge svn MPlayer to users of Karmic Koala by concentrating on upgrading the mplayer-nogui package. I should mention at this time that the mplayer-nogui package from the Karmic Repository is an improvement over packages seen in previous versions of Ubuntu and if the information below looks a little too much you will still be reasonably well served by simply installing the repository package. This guide is perhaps for those who want a little more...
There is a little preparation work required before we actually lay hands on the MPlayer application and this will probably take about 30 minutes and involve a download of about 100 megabytes of extra software. First then for some necessary software:
Some compiling will be required for this guide so we will be downloading some compiling sotware as well as software to access subversion and git repositories and finally the utility checkinstall which will be used to keep the installation within the Ubuntu package management system. Copy the following and paste into a Terminal window, exclude the '$' marks which among other things demonstrates a new line of commands in this guide:
Next to collect some development files:
$ sudo apt-get install build-essential gcc-4.3 g++-4.3 subversion checkinstall
MPlayer works by automatically gathering functionality from various development files installed on your computer. The following list of files has been winnowed out from the standard sudo apt-get build-dep mplayer-nogui command in the interests of maintaining a cleaner system.
Special note concerning vdpau support: As of r29823 the svn MPlayer requires Version 190.32 (or later) of the NVidia drivers to enable vdpau output, which effectively renders the Karmic NVidia drivers and libvdpau package obsolete. To obtain vdpau output you will now need to obtain the latest drivers from NVidia and compile MPlayer against them, no extra options are needed as MPlayer will detect the drivers/libraries and enable vdpau support automagically.
The following is a single command:
We will also add another useful packages here, a current set of Live555 libraries to enable playback of some streaming audio, although you have no interest in streaming audio simply omit this step, many streams will be processed natively by MPlayer anyway:
sudo apt-get install ladspa-sdk libaa1-dev libasound2-dev libatk1.0-dev \
libaudio-dev libaudio2 libaudiofile-dev libavahi-client-dev libavahi-common-dev \
libcaca-dev libcairo2-dev libcdparanoia-dev libcelt0 libdbus-1-dev libdc1394-22 \
libdca-dev libdca0 libdirectfb-dev libdirectfb-extra libdts-dev libesd0-dev \
libexpat1-dev libffado1 libfontconfig1-dev libfreebob0 libfreetype6-dev \
libfribidi-dev libgif-dev libgl1-mesa-dev libglib2.0-dev libglu1-mesa-dev \
libgsm1 libgtk2.0-dev libice-dev libjack-dev libjack0 libjpeg62-dev liblzo2-2 \
liblzo2-dev libmail-sendmail-perl libncurses5-dev libogg-dev liboil0.3-dev \
libopenal-dev libopenal1 libpango1.0-dev libpixman-1-dev libpng12-dev \
libpthread-stubs0 libpthread-stubs0-dev libpulse-dev libruby1.8 \
libschroedinger-dev libsdl1.2-dev libslang2-dev libsm-dev libsmbclient-dev \
libspeex-dev libsvga1 libsvga1-dev libsys-hostname-long-perl libsysfs-dev \
libtheora-dev libvorbis-dev libvorbisidec-dev libvorbisidec1 libx11-dev libxau-dev \
libxcb-render-util0-dev libxcb-render0-dev libxcb1-dev libxcomposite-dev \
libxcursor-dev libxdamage-dev libxdmcp-dev libxext-dev libxfixes-dev libxft-dev \
libxi-dev libxinerama-dev libxml++2.6-2 libxrandr-dev libxrender-dev libxt-dev \
libxv-dev libxvidcore4 libxvidcore4-dev libxvmc-dev libxxf86dga-dev libxxf86vm-dev \
mesa-common-dev vstream-client-dev x11proto-composite-dev x11proto-core-dev \
x11proto-damage-dev x11proto-fixes-dev x11proto-input-dev x11proto-kb-dev \
x11proto-randr-dev x11proto-render-dev x11proto-video-dev x11proto-xext-dev \
x11proto-xf86dga-dev x11proto-xf86vidmode-dev x11proto-xinerama-dev xtrans-dev \
zlib1g-dev libopencore-amrwb-dev libopencore-amrnb-dev libopenjpeg-dev
These libraries are in constant development so come back here from time to time to repeat the process and pick up the updated libraries.
$ sudo apt-get remove liblivemedia-dev
$ cd $HOME
$ wget http://www.live555.com/liveMedia/public/live555-latest.tar.gz
$ tar xvf live555-latest.tar.gz
$ cd live
$ ./genMakefiles linux
$ sudo cp -r $HOME/live /usr/lib
Next however to install a codec package:
MPlayer has the ability to use and external library of codecs to playback some media files. Conveniently Medibuntu holds these files and I would suggest that you now read over the following page to understand the implications of utilising this repository which is not part of Ubuntu:
Medibuntu - Community Ubuntu Documentation
The actual syntax to add the repository (taken directly from the page above) is as follows, this a single command:
Once the repository is in place the following should download the appropriate codecs, it is a single command:
sudo wget http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/$(lsb_release -cs).list \
sudo apt-get -q update &&
sudo apt-get --yes -q --allow-unauthenticated install medibuntu-keyring &&
sudo apt-get -q update
Now that all of this is done it is time to actually lay hands on the MPlayer files themselves:
if [ "$(uname -m)" = "x86_64" ]; then
sudo apt-get install w64codecs
sudo apt-get install w32codecs
Downloading & Compiling
The development version of MPlayer is held in a subversion repository that allows read access by users, which is to say that you can download files from the repository but not alter files in this repository. To download our copy of the MPlayer files the following commands are required:
Now to compile and install the source code, especially note the use of gcc-4.3 in this command. The MPlayer developers believe that there are a few issues compiling under gcc-4.4.1 which is the default under Karmic. If you wish to use gcc-4.4.1 anyway simply omit --cc=gcc-4.3 and cross your fingers while compiling:
$ cd $HOME
$ svn checkout svn://svn.mplayerhq.hu/mplayer/trunk mplayer
It is best to now leave $HOME/mplayer undisturbed as you can return at a later date to run the command svn up to download the latest changes in the MPlayer source code, and then recompile. But now to complete the setup:
$ cd $HOME/mplayer
$ ./configure --cc=gcc-4.3 --confdir=/etc/mplayer --disable-mencoder --disable-x264
$ sudo checkinstall -D --install=yes --fstrans=no --pakdir "$HOME/Desktop" \
--pkgname mplayer-nogui --backup=no --deldoc=yes --deldesc=yes --delspec=yes --default \
--pkgversion "3:1.0~svn-`grep "#define VERSION" version.h | cut -d"-" -f2`"
$ make distclean
Completing the setup...
There are a couple of other small steps that I would recommend you attend to before launching your brand new copy of mplayer-nogui. The first step is to copy the user configuration file to the appropriate location. The following will accomplish that and also backup any existing configuration file:
Open the file $HOME/.mplayer/config in your favourite text editor and alter the settings as you see fit. In particular have a look at the settings for video out and audio out, on my own system these are vo=x11 and ao=pulse respectively. Next we will set MPlayer to play media from within Firefox by installing the gecko-mediaplayer. I also include instructions for the removal of the Totem plugin as on my system this prevents a few conflicts:
$ mv -v $HOME/.mplayer/config $HOME/.mplayer/config_bak
$ cp -v $HOME/mplayer/etc/example.conf $HOME/.mplayer/config
You would be best to add a good quality gui for the commandline MPlayer as well and the best of these is SMPlayer. (I should mention in passing that when you installed the gecko-mediaplayer you also installed another gui: GNOME Mediaplayer, well worth a look at as well.) To get the very best copy of SMPlayer add rvm's PPA as follows:
$ sudo apt-get remove totem-mozilla
$ sudo apt-get install gecko-mediaplayer
and then install SMPlayer itself:
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:rvm/smplayer
This completes the setup for this guide and I wish you all the best with your improved copy of Karmic Koala's mplayer-nogui!
$ sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install smplayer
- MPlayer-users MPlayer mailing list for usage questions, feature requests, bug reports. I would advise lurking for while on this list before posting, breaches of posting etiquette are dealt with harshly at times.
- MPlayer - The Movie Player The html documentation for MPlayer. Usually kept up to date and well worth reading if problems arise and certainly will need to be read before requesting help on MPlayer-users.
- MPlayer FAQs This page attempts to list all of the frequent questions from the #mplayer irc channel on irc.freenode.net.
- Top 10 Tricks and Tips for the svn MPlayer A guide on the Ubuntu Forums that demonstrates some of the magic that can be accomplished with the commandline MPlayer. Written by the author of this guide.
- MPlayer/MEncoder Tips and Tricks A very nicely done guide from the Debian world that is still for the most part relevant to Ubuntu, some great tips for both MPlayer and MEncoder.