I'm fairly certain it's not going to connect if the cell phone is connected and has an IP address. Also, I am troubled by this:
description: Wireless interface
physical id: 2
bus info: usb@1:6
logical name: wlan0
serial: c8:60:00:d4:9e:86
capabilities: ethernet physical wireless
configuration: broadcast=yes driver=rtl8192cu multicast=yes wireless=unassociated
Didn't we blacklist rtl8192cu in favor of 8192cu which you downloaded and compiled? Which is loaded?
lsmod | grep 8192