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  1. Re: Flashing external SSD to boot with Sata - USB

    I have used the toram parameter for several years as I have 4GB or more of RAM on my systems, except really old 1.5GB RAM laptop, that I really do not use.

    But converted to USB3 flash drives even...
  2. [ubuntu] Re: Having issues making a bootable USB for 20.04 LTS

    Grub installed to internal drive has just a boot loader & it needs the rest of grub in your install. If that install is a removable drive, then grub cannot boot.

    That error also often comes from...
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    [ubuntu] Re: Dual Boot on Separate Hard Disk Drives

    That says you have booted Ubuntu in BIOS/Legacy/CSM boot mode.
    It does not say anything about Windows.

    You can check in Windows.

    Or if drive is gpt partitioned then Windows has to be UEFI as...
  4. [ubuntu] Re: Unable to access root partition from grub menu

    Best to run Linux repairs from Linux.
    Windows tools have been known to damage Linux partitions as they just do not see them correctly. So not know about testdisk in Windows.

    Use your Ubuntu live...
  5. Re: Flashing external SSD to boot with Sata - USB

    Another advantage of a full install, is then you can set up grub to boot many ISO.
    I have done that with multiple USB flash drives with BIOS years ago & now with UEFI.
    But most of my installs now...
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    Re: UEFI and BIOS Legacy

    For Ubuntu/grub to now boot in BIOS/Legacy boot mode, you have to have reinstalled grub. Or do you also have grub on old MBR drive?
    There are two versions of grub, grub-pc for BIOS boot and...
  7. [ubuntu] Re: Unable to access root partition from grub menu

    First always use Windows tools to resize Windows & reboot into Windows to make sure it runs chkdsk. While gparted can often resize NTFS partitions, when issues everyone blames Linux when often a...
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    [ubuntu] Re: Dual Boot on Separate Hard Disk Drives

    Pre-installed Windows since Windows 8 released in 2012 is UEFI with gpt partitioning.
    Windows only installs in UEFI boot mode to gpt partitioned drives.

    Both Windows and Ubuntu can be installed...
  9. Thread: Partitions

    by oldfred
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    [SOLVED] Re: Partitions

    UEFI really should use gpt partitioning. But Ubuntu will let you use the now 35 year old MBR.
    You can partition in advance with gparted or when installing, both require Something Else install...
  10. Re: Different Updates on Multiple Computers

    I always change to local or faster local mirror.

    The ppa's will not just be the application, but all the dependencies for that application. Which in some cases are not much and others can be a...
  11. Re: Different Updates on Multiple Computers

    Do you have the same version of 18.04?
    The 18.04 & 18.04.1 use the original kernel and later versions also update kernels.
    https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Kernel/RollingLTSEnablementStack...
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    [SOLVED] Re: Need help to decide-newbie alert :)

    1300 bad sectors is not good.

    In Disks and upper right corner icon is Smart Status. It can run a lot of tests and show details on drive. Some know about the details, but all I really know is...
  13. Re: Can CPUs render 2d GUIs without a graphics card?

    Pays to compare low end cards with the internal video of a CPU chip.

    https://www.videocardbenchmark.net/compare/Radeon-HD-6450-vs-Intel-HD-Graphics-620/267vs3592



    G3D Mark
    HD6450 ...
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    [ubuntu] Re: Dual Boot on Separate Hard Disk Drives

    In Ubuntu:
    Query to check if UEFI or BIOS
    [ -d /sys/firmware/efi ] && echo "EFI boot on HDD" || echo "Legacy boot on HDD"

    You need to have both systems in same boot mode, to be able to use grub...
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    [ubuntu] Re: Dual Boot on Separate Hard Disk Drives

    What is issue?
    You say you already have them installed on separate drives? Or which is system is already installed?

    Is system UEFI or old BIOS. And is Windows in UEFI or BIOS boot mode?
    ...
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    [SOLVED] Re: Need help to decide-newbie alert :)

    RAW is what Windows reports when drive is not formatted.
    But it really sees that from PBR - partition boot sector, not from partition table.

    Running chkdsk from Windows may repair it, you may...
  17. [ubuntu] Re: Unable to boot following attempted dual boot install

    Remove boot flag from sda7 as you can really only have one working boot flag per device.
    And then convert UEFI install of Ubuntu to BIOS boot install, just by reinstalling grub.
    UEFI uses...
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    [SOLVED] Re: Secure Boot UEFI and GRUB

    What version of Ubuntu?
    Is it fully updated?

    Ubuntu does work with Secure Boot, but if you have to have proprietary drivers for video or Wi-Fi chip, you have to add your own Key as Ubuntu cannot...
  19. Re: Ubuntu Server 20.04 guest stuck at "Booting from hard disk"

    Do you now have two Ubuntu installs? One desktop & one server?
    Are both installs UEFI?
    You only get one boot & grub menu that then would offer to boot other install.

    Lets see details, use ppa...
  20. Re: Dual Boot - MBR to GPT What can I expect?

    Windows only installs & boots in BIOS mode from MBR partitioned drives and only in UEFI boot mode from gpt partitioned drives. Also required partitions with Windows are significantly different. ...
  21. Re: Can CPUs render 2d GUIs without a graphics card?

    I do not game, so built this Haswell based system with intent not to use video card. I think all previous builds had CPU's without video.

    But I made a mistake. Video in, on monitor was VGA or...
  22. Re: Recommendations sought for salvaging hard drives

    If not seen in UEFI/BIOS, no system can repair or recovery it.

    So first is drive seen in BIOS?
    If not check all connections, try different cables, ports, then maybe Autodave's suggestion. Also...
  23. Re: Installing Ubuntu 20LTS dual boot with Windows: Speed, partition sizes

    I thought it was just turn off hibernation & the hiberfile & run a defrag. I used to run defrag weekly on my old XP system but have not used XP for 10 years.
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    [ubuntu] Re: Installing Ubuntu in m.2 internal SSD

    Correct key varies by vendor. Many are f12.

    UEFI/BIOS Boot keys - about halfway down on this Microsoft page...
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    [ubuntu] Re: Installing Ubuntu in m.2 internal SSD

    Some UEFI "forget" UEFI boot entries for disconnected drives. But most find Windows, but not Ubuntu.
    If entry lost you can use efibootmgr or Windows repairs to restore.
    Make sure you have Windows...
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