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  1. Re: Unable to get past GRUB 2.04 when trying to boot or get permissions

    Mixing boot modes UEFI and BIOS causes more issues.
    If hardware is UEFI, best to only use UEFI.
    If hardware is old, before about 2012, then it will be BIOS and UEFI will not work.

    You also have...
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    Re: clone system to smaller SSD

    UEFI or BIOS?

    I believe in new install. And then restore from you standard backup. That confirms you backup is complete when you still have old install to get anything still missing. And then more...
  3. Thread: Grub Trouble

    by oldfred
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    [ubuntu_mate] Re: Grub Trouble

    The 5.4 kernel is 20.04.

    fred@z170-focal-k:~$ cat /etc/lsb-release
    DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu
    DISTRIB_RELEASE=20.04
    DISTRIB_CODENAME=focal
    DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION="Ubuntu 20.04.1 LTS" ...
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    [ubuntu] Re: rsync does not keep user & owner ID

    Check ID
    https://www.synoforum.com/resources/how-to-find-uid-userid-and-gid-groupid.77/

    Discussion of ID type issues....
  5. [SOLVED] Re: clean install using usb bootable. installation complete. no "boot file" or drive

    The Rufus version with gpt is for UEFI boot only on installer. And how you boot install media UEFI or BIOS is then how it installs.

    Whether your drive is gpt or MBR for your install does not...
  6. [SOLVED] Re: clean install using usb bootable. installation complete. no "boot file" or drive

    The only issue would be is if you partitioned in advance a gpt drive, but did not include a bios_grub partition.
    Typically you get a full install, and at very end failure of grub to install.
    You...
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    [ubuntu] Re: rsync does not keep user & owner ID

    What is actual format of partitions you are copying to?
  8. [SOLVED] Re: clean install using usb bootable. installation complete. no "boot file" or drive

    Rufus creates just a BIOS installer or an UEFI installer.
    If you want or need BIOS, you must select MBR & CSM(non-UEFI) when creating install flash drive.

    Shows BIOS non-CSM
    ...
  9. [SOLVED] Re: clean install using usb bootable. installation complete. no "boot file" or drive

    Was drive a RAID data drive? If so you need to remove RAID meta-data.

    UEFI or BIOS install?
    gpt or MBR partitioning?
  10. Re: How to install to separate Linux partition without damaging windows

    Again, I do not think you have to know all this to use Linux & install grub as part of Ubuntu install.
    It like having to know how to tune up a car. Info if you want to now details, but not required....
  11. [SOLVED] Re: For long term storage purposes which is better, an external SSD or Thumb-drive?

    NTFS is not best for backup.
    Windows formats do not support Linux ownership & permissions.
    So you could backup your data, but if you restore data, you have to reset ownership & permissions.
    But...
  12. Re: Windows MBR destroyed in multi-boot system

    You almost never install grub to a partition, and never install grub to a NTFS partition as that breaks Windows.
    Windows has essential boot info in the PBR or BS - partition boot sector which is...
  13. Thread: Permissions

    by oldfred
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    Re: Permissions

    With an installed system, the default user is 1000.

    fred@z170-focal-k:~$ id
    uid=1000(fred) gid=1000(fred)...
  14. Re: partition table created using SATA-USB interface vs laptop hard drive bay

    I have a SATA to USB adapter.
    It works great for my old SSD, but will not even spin up my old HDD.
    Does your have separate power supply or just USB power. USB power probably not enough.

    I do not...
  15. Thread: Linking

    by oldfred
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    Re: Linking

    Not sure what you are trying to do.
    When in file browser and default location of home you will see all the default folders plus any you add. You also can add bookmarks to other folders.
    Different...
  16. Re: How to install to separate Linux partition without damaging windows

    Some details on file structure, but you really do not need to know details to install & use Linux.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filesystem_Hierarchy_Standard

    New users can just install in one...
  17. [SOLVED] Re: For long term storage purposes which is better, an external SSD or Thumb-drive?

    I would change to gpt, no reason for MBR.

    Only if you need compatibility with Windows may I keep exFAT. But support in Linux is newer than support for NTFS. And new version of a driver has...
  18. Re: How to install to separate Linux partition without damaging windows

    You always install boot loaders to a drive, never to a partition.
    BIOS systems boot from the MBR, which is the very first sector on a drive and is not part of any partition.
    Grub does have...
  19. [SOLVED] Re: For long term storage purposes which is better, an external SSD or Thumb-drive?

    What format is it?
    NTFS, exFAT, FAT or other?

    Post this.
    sudo parted -l
  20. [SOLVED] Re: Messed up GRUB after Ubuntu reinstallation

    You can dual boot, since each is installed on separate drives.
    But only from UEFI boot menu, not from grub.
    UEFI & BIOS are not compatible, and once you start to boot, you cannot change. Or grub...
  21. [SOLVED] Re: Messed up GRUB after Ubuntu reinstallation

    With multiple drives do not run any auto fix from Boot-Repair.
    Only use its advanced mode. And be sure to boot live installer in same boot mode UEFI or BIOS as all of your installs.

    Lets see...
  22. [ubuntu] Re: Cancelled resizing operation and can't access the partition now

    If a NTFS partition, you cannot fully repair from Linux.
    Both chkdsk & defrag can only be run from Windows.

    And some have posted that Windows tools may work better to recover files from NTFS, but...
  23. Re: How to install to separate Linux partition without damaging windows

    Original Windows 7 ISO was BIOS only, but could be copied to flash drive, files moved & renamed to make it UEFI. But the updated one, included the UEFI boot files.
    So then it installs in the boot...
  24. [ubuntu] Re: Gigabyte Aorus Z490 motherboards and Ubuntu

    This site tested it and has some comments.

    Gigabyte Z490 with 20.04 needs kernel update to 5.6 for Ethernet to work.
    https://www.phoronix.com/scan.php?page=article&item=intel-10500k-10900k&num=1
  25. [ubuntu] Re: Ubuntu 18.04/Win10 dual boot - reduce Win partition and increase /home

    Only use Windows to shrink NTFS partitions. Windows wants 30% free to work well, so do not make too small.

    And you will have to use live installer to modify Linux partitions with gparted. Little...
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