View Full Version : How can I create .deb virtual package?

October 29th, 2005, 01:11 PM

How can I create virtual .deb package? I want a package, what install all necessary packages after ubuntu-server installation, like openssh-server, php5, apache2, mysql-server, ....

But I don't want remember this package list. I write my package list to the control file's Depends: field, but debuild not work, because no program to make, or compile, just dependecies.

Thx any help.


May 17th, 2008, 09:47 AM
I found this post while searching for virtual packages because I'm having a problem with one of them.

But to answer your question (altough it's more than 2 years old):

[65][~/Desktop]$ cat metapackage_test/DEBIAN/control
Package: PackageName
Version: 1.0.0
Section: utils
Priority: optional
Architecture: i386
Depends: python, intltool, libgtk2.0-0, python-gtk2, python-notify, pcmciautils, openarena
Installed-Size: 124 kb
Maintainer: superman <superman@krypton.com>
Description: This is a metapackage.
It installs the dependencies. :)
[66][~/Desktop]$ dpkg-deb -b metapackage_test .
dpkg-deb: building package `packagename' in `./packagename_1.0.0_i386.deb'.
[67][~/Desktop]$ ls metapackage_test/
[68][~/Desktop]$ ls metapackage_test/*
[69][~/Desktop]$ gdebi packagename_1.0.0_i386.deb
Reading package lists: Done
Reading state information: Done
Reading state information: Done
Reading state information: Done

Requires the installation of the following packages:
openarena openarena-data
This is a metapackage.
It installs the dependencies. :)
Need to be root to install packages

This works perfectly for me.
I opened the .deb with gdebi-gtk to be sure and it lists the dependencies to be installed, so it should work.

I hope the console copy-paste is clear enough as "instructions". ;)

OK, I finally understood what a "virtual package" is.
It is not a "metapackage" which is what you are trying to do and what I indicated how to do.
Here's how a virtual package works:

So a "virtual package" doesn't exist at all unlike a "metapackage"!