View Full Version : How to define LD_LIBRARY_PATH for all applications

June 7th, 2007, 09:49 AM
Hello guys :)
I have a little problem here. I want the environment variable LD_LIBRARY_PATH to be defined for all applications in Ubuntu, not just those which i create through the terminal ( ie by editing .bashrc file), or in other words...when i double click an applicaton, i want that application should be able to access LD_LIBRARY_PATH, without resorting to creating a separate shell-script for every application...and that too even standalone shell-scripts need to redifine LD_LIBRARY_PATH.

I just don't like writing export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/lib:/usr/lib:/usr/local/lib a hundred times all over Ubuntu...and even if i do write, what will i do if i need to change that....

Thanks in advance for any useful or suggestion :)

June 7th, 2007, 10:15 AM
Modify /etc/bash.bashrc is the main configuration file for all bash users.


June 7th, 2007, 02:46 PM
Thanks Joselin...great tip :)

But it only partially solves the problem. By editing the file u mentioned the variable LD_LIBRARY_PATH propagated to all terminals under each user.

Suppose i make the following shell script :- (test.sh)


If i modify its properties to allow it to be used as an application when double-clicked...and when i do double-click, it shows nothing !

Of course i can include /etc/bash.bashrc in shell-scripts like this, but if in place of this script, there is an application which require that variable (and many do require !), then just double-clicking won't work and i have to either launch it through the gnome-terminal ( which..thanks to joselin's tip, knows about that variable no matter whoever the user is), or write another shell-script.

I want that the whole Ubuntu desktop environment is 'aware' of that variable.

Thanks again for any advice. :)

June 7th, 2007, 03:24 PM
I see, have a look at the following file and let me know.
cat /etc/environment

June 7th, 2007, 03:35 PM
Instead of using the environment variable LD_LIBRARY_PATH, you can add the directory /usr/local/lib to the file /etc/ld.so.conf, and then run the command

$ sudo ldconfig

Or, instead of editing the file ld.so.conf directly, create a file called local.conf in the subdirectory /etc/ld.so.conf.d containing just the line /usr/local/lib. That is,

Contents of /etc/ld.so.conf.d/local.conf:


Then run the ldconfig command. (This assumes that the file /etc/ld.so.conf contains the line include /etc/ld.so.conf.d/*.conf. This is not the case in Dapper, but appears to be true in later versions of Ubuntu.)

You only have to do this once.

June 7th, 2007, 05:15 PM
Thanks joselin and WW :)

the file /etc/environment lists only PATH and LANG. Though i would have tried to add LD_LIBRARY_PATH here too but thought to give the WW's method a try and viola it worked :guitar:

Thanks again...these forums are ONE OF BEST if not the BEST place to learn these little but useful things about linux !! :)

June 14th, 2007, 11:02 PM
For the record, the LD_LIBRARY_PATH doesn't work by setting it in /etc/environment in Ubuntu 7.04. I set several variables in the environment, and then went to a terminal and all the other variables would show with > echo $VAR_NAME except for LD_LIBRARY_PATH.

It does work by setting it in the .bashrc (but then you have to run any program needing the library from the terminal, e.g. commands launched from a panel miss the librarires). However, the creation of .conf files and sudo ldconfig works great.

June 15th, 2007, 03:07 AM
After editing /etc/ld.so.conf make sure you run

sudo ldconfig

to update ld

June 25th, 2007, 06:51 PM
Maybe a little off-topic question, but

by command
I will get a value of LD_LIBRARY_PATH env variable.

Is there any command (sth. like set in cmd in windows) to show all variables(with or without values, it doesn't matter)?

I just want to know which variables are set at the moment in terminal or desktop?

Thank you for any help

June 26th, 2007, 10:06 AM

try the 'env' command. it'll print out a list of all the shell variables you have set.

more fun with env:

since it's long, you can do

env | more

to scroll page by page.


env > mycurrentvariables.txt

to save to a text file


env | grep PATH

to look for all environment variables with the text "PATH" in them. fun!

i don't know if there's anything to print out vales of variables that are NOT set yet - there are also special environment variables used by individual programs besides the ones in the shell. but, try looking for some documentation on the BASH shell, to get a list of the variables it uses.

now, i have a question - how possible is it to lobby for inclusion of /usr/local/lib in /etc/ld.so.conf or /etc/ld.so.conf.d by default in ubuntu??? there are so many libraries out there that store themselves in there by default when compiled from source - are we expected to either manually tweak configure scripts every time, or add /usr/local/lib onto every ubuntu install we ever do for eternity? i've seen this question asked here before, and responses just say to read the debian policy manual. i guess i can understand about debian wanting to be hardcore about directory structure, but it seems like this conflicts with the idea of things just working, and doesn't seem to be on the same level as, say, tainting the kernel. it's a roadblock for new users and an extra unnecessary thing for experienced users to have to deal with. is there an alt.ubuntu.petitions-niggly-minutae ... ? :p

February 19th, 2009, 12:55 AM
can someone who is more tech experienced help me?
I get this message when i try to start DF

./dwarfort.exe: error while loading shared libraries: libSDL_image-1.2.so.0: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

I am running ubuntu 8.10 64-bit with Nvidia dirver 180.11

thanks in advance :)

February 19th, 2009, 01:59 AM
Install the package libsdl-image1.2 (http://packages.ubuntu.com/intrepid/libsdl-image1.2). You can use Synaptic (the GUI Package Manager), or in a terminal run the command

sudo apt-get install libsdl-image1.2

Then try running your program again.