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View Full Version : [ubuntu] Customizing Ubuntu 11.04 from USB stick



traltixx
March 12th, 2012, 04:23 AM
Hi,
I am trying to custimize my ubuntu 11.04 from USB stick.
I used this program to create the USB :
Universal-USB-Installer-1.8.5.3.exe from http://www.pendrivelinux.com/downloa...-Installer.exe
I downloaded ubuntu-11.04-desktop-i386.iso from http://www.ubuntu.com/download/ubuntu/download for the image.
The target machine is a hp/compaq tc4200 laptop without a hard drive or optical drive and the machine I'm using is a windows 7 x64 to create the USB.
So far everything works fine with the image, I can install and run the OS and surf the net, etc.
Anyway, now I want to custimize the image so that skype and a few other applications and drivers are installed by default. Right now, everytime I install skype and restart, I have to re install it.
Do I need a linux machine to create the image? How can I make the USB stick/image on it persist?

UnknownFearNG
March 12th, 2012, 04:28 AM
The reason why programs are not staying installed is because you are running a Live session of Ubuntu. It's basically meant to test the OS before you install it. Nothing gets saved upon reboot.

Caboose885
March 12th, 2012, 04:46 AM
You can use a tool called UCK (http://uck.sourceforge.net/) in order to customize the ISO image. However you will need a working Ubuntu/Linux system to run the tool.


Another approach would be to enable persistence mode on the USB flash drive. I use LinuxLive USB Creator (http://www.linuxliveusb.com/) and it works great!

Hope that points you in the right direction.

traltixx
March 12th, 2012, 01:38 PM
Thanks for the pointers.
I tried downloading LinuxLive and enabled persistance but for some reason, after creating the bootable USB drive, booting the laptop from it, creating random file on the desktop seems to work fine. Only when I reboot to check if the file persists or not is when the laptop won't boot (says 'Non-System disk or disk error').
I've changed the size of the persistance when creating the bootable USB drive from various values (10MB to 1GB in increments of 100MB) and still gives the same error.

Also, I noticed that when booting the USB, it doesn't give me the option to run persistant or live..only to 'try ubuntu' or 'install ubuntu' (when i chose 'install' it doesn't work anyway because it requires more than 4Gb of free space which it doesn't have)

Anyway, I'll have a look at the UCK tool and see how easy/hard it is to work it.

Ok. even more investigating LinuxLive: I can't just restart or reboot the laptop. I have to shut it down, physically remove the USB and insert it again (in the same USB slot) and start up the laptop again and it works. Even doing a shutdown and then starting up still gives the 'Non-System disk or disk error'. Any idea why I have to physically remove the USB (and insert it again) for it to work?

oldfred
March 12th, 2012, 03:58 PM
How large is flash drive? I have 12.04 full install on a 8GB partition on my 16GB flash drive. My laptop does not have a lot of spare space so I do not create an additional / (root) partition like I do on my desktop.


Pros & cons of persistent install over direct install to flashdrives - C.S.Cameron
http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1655412

Step by Step Full install 8GB C.S.Cameron Post #7
http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1719346
It does not have to be encrypted BIOS based system:
Standard full install with screenshots to flash or SSD:
Ubuntu Encrypted Flash Memory Installation
http://members.iinet.net/~herman546/p19.html
More discussion Dec 2010, more SSD info
http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1643591
http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1404664

Caboose885
March 12th, 2012, 04:26 PM
How large is flash drive? I have 12.04 full install on a 8GB partition on my 16GB flash drive. My laptop does not have a lot of spare space so I do not create an additional / (root) partition like I do on my desktop.


Pros & cons of persistent install over direct install to flashdrives - C.S.Cameron
http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1655412

Step by Step Full install 8GB C.S.Cameron Post #7
http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1719346
It does not have to be encrypted BIOS based system:
Standard full install with screenshots to flash or SSD:
Ubuntu Encrypted Flash Memory Installation
http://members.iinet.net/~herman546/p19.html (http://members.iinet.net/%7Eherman546/p19.html)
More discussion Dec 2010, more SSD info
http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1643591
http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1404664
+1 Great Links!

traltixx
March 12th, 2012, 08:07 PM
Thanks for those links.
The flash drive is 4GB by the way

oldfred
March 12th, 2012, 09:08 PM
Then 4GB is too small for a full install. You can only run with persistence or buy a larger flash drive.

traltixx
March 12th, 2012, 11:16 PM
Yes, thats exactly what I'm trying to do (persistance not full install). But for some reason LinuxLive's persistance doesn't work on reboot. I have to physically remove the usb drive and insert it again for it to work (see my previous posts). Any ideas why?

Caboose885
March 13th, 2012, 04:48 PM
I'm not 100% sure as to why it does that but it may have to do with the way LinuxLive unmounts the flash drive the BIOS ignores it until its unplugged and replugged in.