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View Full Version : [SOLVED] Using Apt-Get or Aptitude with Debian (Deb) Package (Google Chrome Example)



snmcdonald
July 16th, 2011, 11:28 PM
Ever download a *.deb package only to find out you were missing a boat load of dependencies. Rather than go through the headache of resolving dependency after dependency I make a simple local repository to handle this problem. I will provide you with a solution that can work with any proper Debian package.

For this example I will be using Google Chrome. Google Chrome is not available within the Debian mirror repositories because it does not fit the Debian free standard. (Yes I know Google Chromium is available, but I need an excuse to download Google Chrome). So head over to http://www.google.com/chrome and download the latest *.debian package. in my case it was google-chrome-stable_current_i386.deb.
After you have downloaded chrome it should be in your Downloads directory. Go to this directory and create a chrome sub directory.


cd ~/Downloads
mkdir chrome

Next you'll need some additional dpkg tools. They will assist in creating Debian mirrors.


sudo aptitude install build-essentials

Use these new tools to create local repository listing. dpkg-scanpackages takes one argument which indicates the current directory to scan and outputs information to stdout. Use gzip to create a zipped text file. The arguments 9 indicates the highest zip and c stdout to the specified location. Use zmore to do a quick sanity check to ensure that the out worked


sudo dpkg-scanpackages . | gzip -9c > chrome/Packages.gz
zmore chrome/Packages.gz

Now add the package to your apt source list


sudo vi /etc/apt/sources.list
#append this to sources.list
deb file:/home/shane/Desktop chrome/

Now its time to install Google Chrome. Update your repository listing and install.


sudo aptitude update
sudo aptitude install google-chrome-stable


Untrusted Packages?!?! We'll its because we did not digitally sign and use apt-key. But if you are doing this, you should be the system administrator and have downloaded and followed these instructions and we trust Google :)

For basic housekeeping you should remove the Chrome package from your sources and delete the no longer needed Debian package.


sudo vi /etc/apt/sources.list
cd ~/Download
sudo rm -r chrome
sudo rm google-chrome-stable_current_i386.deb

Have fun and good luck!