View Full Version : Python interacting with zenity

March 5th, 2009, 08:19 PM
After having googeled all afternoon I give up and start this thread. I have a commandline python script which I want to turn into a nautilus script. This requires that the script at some point uses a popup window to print a message instead of printing in the shell. The code was as follows:

if ip_addr:
print "Now serving on http://%s:%s/" % (ip_addr, httpd.server_port)

I changed that successfully to

if ip_addr:
os.system('zenity --info --text="Now serving on http://%s:%s/"' % (ip_addr, httpd.server_port))

So far so good. Now comes the tricky part. I want a window that enables me to cancel the script or approve. This would mean a zenity --queston window, with a 'cancel' and a 'ok' button. In zenity 'cancel' returns the value '1', and 'ok' returns the value '0'. But how do I tell the script to react on these buttons? 'Cancel' would mean 'sys.exit ()' and 'ok' would mean 'continue'. I checked loads of documentation on the subprocess possibility (which seems to have replaced the os.popen command) but I don't understand how it works or how to have it interact with a window. Who helps me out? It doesn't have to be with zenity by the way. A gtk-window or whatever comes standard with Ubuntu is also ok.

March 5th, 2009, 08:42 PM
#!/usr/bin/env python
from subprocess import Popen

proc=Popen("zenity --question --text='Quit now?'", shell=True )
if proc.returncode:
print "Cancel was pressed"
print "Ok was pressed"

March 5th, 2009, 09:14 PM

If you use

zenity --question
ok returns 0
cancel returns 256

so you could do this

#! /usr/bin/env python
import os

question = os.system("zenity --question --text="continue?")
if question == 256:
print "Operation canceled."
print "Operation continuing."

March 5th, 2009, 09:28 PM
Thanks for your replies. I found out that 'cancel' gives 256 indeed. I don't know why the wiki on zenity says otherwise. However, someone got it working with the following:

if ip_addr:
userschoice = os.system('zenity --question --text "Does not matter now"')

# To kill it if the users presses the cancel-button

if '256' in str(userschoice):
sys.exit (1)

Problem solved. Thanks both for your help.

March 5th, 2009, 09:36 PM
Thanks for your replies. I found out that 'cancel' gives 256 indeed. I don't know why the wiki on zenity says otherwise. It does return one, but when you use os.system() you get the return value bit-shifted to the left by 8, because it uses the return code given by an internally used wait() call (see here (http://docs.python.org/library/os.html#os.wait) for an explanation of its return code). To get the real return code you just shift it back.
>>> 256 >> 8

edit: If you want to get the correct rc right away, use the subprocess module
>>> import subprocess
>>> p = sp.Popen("zenity --question", shell=True) # Dialog appeared after hitting enter, I clicked cancel
>>> p.poll()

October 28th, 2009, 04:16 AM
First, install python-setuptools. Then, do this:

sudo easy_install pyzenityThen do this:

if ip_addr:
if not PyZenity.Question("Now serving on http://%s:%s/" % (ip_addr, httpd.server_port)):