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Thread: HOWTO Ubuntu Lite

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  1. #1
    Join Date
    Dec 2004
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    Slovenia
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    684
    Distro
    Ubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn
    How to install Ubuntu Lite on your computer

    1. What is UbuntuLite?

    Ubuntu Lite is an unofficial project of few guys. We tend to build Ubuntu installation which would siut LOW RAM and Low Mhz computer. You can find our page on ubuntulite.org

    2. Do I need UbuntuLite? You have so many lite Linux distributions?

    Yes you do.

    2.1 OK. But why?

    Beacause Ubuntu Lite is Ubuntu based. Whit that you get apt-get functions any many packages you want to install after. ANd you get security and version fixes.

    3. OK I know what it is, but how can I install it?

    At this point I want to thank Blackpaw for providing us repositories.
    First you have to install Ubutnu on your computer. At begining choose SERVER installation. And when you get in to Terminal you have to edit your sources.list. Write
    Code:
    sudo vim /etc/apt/sources.list
    Uncoment all official repositories with removin # at the beggining of the line. Than add following line in sources.list
    Code:
    deb http://blueeyedcreature.net/ubuntu ./
    Save and close

    When you get back in terminal write
    Code:
    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get install ubuntu-lite-desktop
    And after you are done restart your machine and you will find your self in WDM login manager. Its extension of XDM another login manager.

    Login as user and there you have working Ubuntu Lite system with IceWM as windows manager installed. You have plenty other useful applications installed. Check for whole list at Our WIKI

    4. OK Thanks man!! But Im having problems. What can I do

    First think that you can do is to look at Oour Mailing list if the problem has been solved. If you don't get your anwser there please send us mail and we hope we could help you. You can find us on IRC to. Chanell is #ubuntu-lite on Freenode. Ofcourse you can post your question here but mailing list is prefered mode

    5. Hey nice project but how can I help

    Again Sign on our mailing list and anwser questions if someone gets in to trouble. And go to our IRC chanell and help there to.

    6. Hey hasn't there been a iso?

    Iso still exist but its in a real testing mode. Many users get lots of errors. So prefered mode is apt-get install soulution. But there is a good news im trying to to bulid next version of CD. If there is someone who has expiriences with building ubuntu based install CDs. PLEASE Mail on mailing lits.

    7. Who are you christooss?

    Im that guy who provided you a helpful HOWTO Ubuntu mini ram

    8. Round up!!

    8.1 Ubuntu server installation
    8.2 Edit your sources.list
    8.3 apt-get install ubuntu-lite-desktop
    8.4 If problems check http://ubuntulite.org/ Mailing List and IRC #ubuntu-lite at Freenode

    Here I want to thank all you guy who started UbuntuLIte project.

    If you find any tiping mistakess please notify me.
    Im still in OpenSource age but I hope that through the years I will reach for the Free nirvana that is waiting me out there.
    Visit Ubuntu.si forums | My great blog Christoossov pasijon - Slovene version | Passion of the Christooss - English version

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Oct 2004
    Location
    Kingston, On
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    Hidden!

    Re: HOWTO Ubuntu Lite

    1. Would you post the dependancies of ubuntu-lite-desktop?

    2. It is GPL? Is the .dsc .orig.tar.gz available? (probably a dumb question, but the maker of Automatix (ubuntu helper script) unfortunately recently made his thing proprietary)

    3. Would you make this a project on launchpad.net to integrate with Ubuntu proper (and upload to universe?)

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Dec 2004
    Location
    Slovenia
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    684
    Distro
    Ubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn

    Re: HOWTO Ubuntu Lite

    This is the current version.

    abiword, acpi, acpi-support, acpid, anacron, apmd, bc, beep-media-player, bittornado, bittornado-gui, bogofilter, cdparanoia, cdrecord, cupsys,
    cupsys-bsd, cupsys-client, cupsys-driver-gimpprint, dbus-1-utils, dillo, dc, doc-debian, dvd+rw-tools, esound, emelfm, fetchmail, mozilla-firefox,
    mozilla-browser, foomatic-db, foomatic-db-engine, foomatic-db-gimp-print, foomatic-db-hpijs, foomatic-filters, foomatic-filters-ppds, gaim,
    gnome-sudo, gnumeric, gqview, graveman, gs-esp, hal, hotkey-setup, hplip, hplip-ppds, irssi-text, icewm, icewm-themes, icewm-common,
    icewm-gnome-support, icepref, iceme, ivman, lftp, libesd-alsa0, libgl1-mesa, libglib2.0-data, libglut3, libsasl2-modules, libxp6, links2,
    lynx, mc, menu, mgp, mkisofs, mousepad, numlockx, pnm2ppa, powermanagement-interface, powernowd, procmail, readahead, rox-filer, screen,
    scrollkeeper, slocate, smbclient, sylpheed, synaptic, ttf-arabeyes, ttf-arphic-bkai00mp, ttf-arphic-bsmi00lp, ttf-arphic-gbsn00lp,
    ttf-arphic-gkai00mp, ttf-baekmuk, ttf-bitstream-vera, ttf-freefont, ttf-indic-fonts, x-ttcidfont-conf, ttf-kochi-gothic, ttf-kochi-mincho, ttf-malayalam-fonts, xfonts-scalable, xfonts-100dpi, xfonts-75dpi, ttf-mgopen, ubuntu-docs, unzip, wdm, x-ttcidfont-conf, x-window-system-core,
    xchat, xkeyboard-config, xorg-driver-synaptics, xpdf, xterm, xzgv, zip, xine-ui, xmms
    Hm I don't know how to make dsc or tar.gz file. i made this meta package with equivs. But I would be happy to give this files to Community

    I will look in to lunchpad. And than hopefully include it universe. But that would mean no media files
    Last edited by christooss; December 4th, 2005 at 02:43 AM.
    Im still in OpenSource age but I hope that through the years I will reach for the Free nirvana that is waiting me out there.
    Visit Ubuntu.si forums | My great blog Christoossov pasijon - Slovene version | Passion of the Christooss - English version

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Jan 2005
    Beans
    27

    Re: HOWTO Ubuntu Lite

    Hi Christoss,

    I want to thank you for your work and want to give some informations for not so advanced linux users:

    short introduction to icewm: http://www.osnews.com/story.php?news_id=7774
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------
    Infos about vim:

    to scroll down and delete the # is easy, but to get into writing mode you have to type i - than you can write the extra repository - to get out of the writing mode you type Esc - to save the document and exit vim you typ ZZ
    to exit without saving you type :q (more easy: sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list)
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------
    SHUTDOWN: after login you will have problems to turn off your computer, because the halt of the shutdown menu is not working.

    open xterm

    $ sudo /sbin/shutdown -h now

    it will shut down - with sudo /sbin/shutdown -r now it will reboot

    to make it more easy for the next sessions:

    you open xterm:

    $ sudo visudo

    you add the following line:
    your_username ALL=(root) NOPASSWD: /sbin/shutdown

    to save press F2 to exit F10

    $ sudo mousepad /etc/X11/icewm/preferences

    you insert the following lines to the 6.th line of the document

    ShutdownCommand="/sbin/shutdown -h now"
    RebootCommand="/sbin/shutdown -r now"

    you save the document, restart iceWM.
    Shutdown and reboot from strg+alt+del - menu are now working
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    TOOLBAR: to open common programs more easy:

    you open xterm:

    $ sudo mousepad /etc/X11/icewm/toolbar

    you put a # at the beginning of every line and ad the following lines:

    prog Xterm xterm xterm
    prog Firefox firefox firefox
    prog Mozilla mozilla mozilla
    prog Abiword /usr/share/AbiSuite-2.4/icons/abiword_16 abiword
    prog Mousepad mousepad mousepad
    prog Sylpheed sylpheed-debian sylpheed
    prog Xine xine xine
    prog Xmms xmms xmms
    prog EmelFM /usr/share/pixmaps/icon_dirparent.xpm /bin/sh -c "/usr/X11R6/bin/emelfm"
    prog Gaim /usr/share/pixmaps/gaim-menu.xpm /bin/sh -c "/usr/bin/gaim"
    prog Gqview gqview gqview
    prog Synaptic /usr/share/synaptic/pixmaps/synaptic_32x32.xpm /bin/sh -c "/usr/bin/gksudo /usr/sbin/synaptic"
    prog xpdf xpdf xpdf
    prog rox rox /bin/sh -c "/usr/bin/rox"

    for rox there is no xpm available in the installation

    those programs, you do not want to have in your toolbar put # at the beginning of the line
    save the document, restart IceWM and you will have easy acess to xterm, firefox, mozilla and abiword.......
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    MENU: you can do the same with $ sudo mousepad /etc/X11/icewm/menu to get the programs you want in the root/start menu

    SECURITY: Copy the files /etc/X11/icewm/menu+toolbar+preferences with emelfm or rox to $HOME/.icewm since modifications to this file will be discarded when you (re)install icewm.

    ICONS: You can download more icons from http://themes.freshmeat.net/projects/iceicons/ extract them to $ HOME/.icewm/icons and edit the included winoptions file - for details see http://bbs.cvut.cz/~covex/icewm/iceicons/ - alternativ you can copy all icons to /usr/share/pixmaps (I prefer this)
    -------------------------------------------------------------------
    AUTOMOUNT with ivman: To get the automount function working, create with mousepad a file named startup in $HOME/.icewm:

    #!/bin/sh
    exec /usr/bin/ivman

    then you have to make startup executable:

    $ chmod +x /.icewm/startup

    in rox it works perfect - in emelfm you can not unmount the devices
    --------------------------------------------------------------------
    MULTIPLE KEYBOARDS:
    You can use setxkbmap to do it. For example, to load 3 keyboards - english, german and italian (us, de, it) and to switch between them using BOTH SHIFTS, run this:

    setxkbmap -option grp:switch,grp:shift_toggle us,de,it

    Alternatively, you can edit your xorg.conf ($: sudo mousepad /etc/X11/xorg.config) and restart X server, but any subsequent setxkbmap will overwrite those settings. Here is quote from my xorg.conf

    Section "InputDevice"
    Identifier "Generic Keyboard"
    Driver "kbd"
    Option "XkbRules" "xorg"
    Option "XkbModel" "pc105"
    Option "XkbLayout" "de,lt"
    Option "XkbOptions" "grp:shift_toggle"
    EndSection

    more details:
    for your keyboards: in /etc/X11/xkb/symbols all the keyboard shortcuts are listened and in every is detailed information
    http://pascal.tsu.ru/en/xkb/
    http://www.linux-es.org/docs/HOWTO/mini/Intkeyb
    Last edited by kultex; December 30th, 2005 at 01:00 PM.

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Dec 2004
    Location
    Slovenia
    Beans
    684
    Distro
    Ubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn

    Re: HOWTO Ubuntu Lite

    Thanks for the sgutdown thing. This has been known problem. Currentlly solved with wdm conf file editing

    http://www.opensubscriber.com/messag...m/2579245.html
    Im still in OpenSource age but I hope that through the years I will reach for the Free nirvana that is waiting me out there.
    Visit Ubuntu.si forums | My great blog Christoossov pasijon - Slovene version | Passion of the Christooss - English version

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Beans
    14

    Re: HOWTO Ubuntu Lite

    Hi, first of all please bear with me. I am from a very orthodox Windows background and i program in C++ but i dont have a clue where to start in Linux.

    Anyway, my problem. I have a really cool old notebook, AMD K6 2 500Mhz, 64MB RAM etc etc, you know the sort.

    Anyway, i wanted to install ubuntu (i have used knoppix before) but its a pretty hefty OS so this Lite edition is great. So i downloaded and recorded the ISO etc etc installed it all perfectly, logged in with "me" and "none" but i only get to the terminal prompt. I assumed that just installing the ISO image would give me a graphical user interface of some kind??? Or do i need to install the server part first as in the manual HOW TO?

    I would appreciate any help in getting my laptop running ubuntu

    Regards

  7. #7
    Join Date
    May 2006
    Location
    Finland
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    636

    Re: HOWTO Ubuntu Lite

    Quote Originally Posted by kultex View Post
    [...]
    SHUTDOWN: after login you will have problems to turn off your computer, because the halt of the shutdown menu is not working.

    open xterm

    $ sudo /sbin/shutdown -h now

    it will shut down - with sudo /sbin/shutdown -r now it will reboot

    to make it more easy for the next sessions:

    you open xterm:

    $ sudo visudo

    you add the following line:
    your_username ALL=(root) NOPASSWD: /sbin/shutdown

    to save press F2 to exit F10

    $ sudo mousepad /etc/X11/icewm/preferences

    you insert the following lines to the 6.th line of the document

    ShutdownCommand="/sbin/shutdown -h now"
    RebootCommand="/sbin/shutdown -r now"

    you save the document, restart iceWM.
    Shutdown and reboot from strg+alt+del - menu are now working
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    [...]
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    [...]
    SECURITY: Copy the files /etc/X11/icewm/menu+toolbar+preferences with emelfm or rox to $HOME/.icewm since modifications to this file will be discarded when you (re)install icewm.
    [...]
    -------------------------------------------------------------------
    AUTOMOUNT with ivman:
    [...]
    in rox it works perfect - in emelfm you can not unmount the devices
    ]
    First of all, thanks for the instructions, Kultex. Everything didn't work for me, though.

    As for SHUTDOWN: "sudo /sbin/shutdown -h now" does not work for me. If I run it from a terminal I end up in console where the last text is like this: my_computer_name login [3783.010513] Power down. It does not help, if I add P option for shutdown command. I did also the changes "to make it more easy for the next sessions", but only login does work in the login screen . My best option is to exit to login screen, press Alt-SysRq-s Alt-SysRq-u Alt-SysRq-b and power button during reboot to turn off computer, I guess. Is it critical to put the two lines in /etc/X11/icewm/preferences exactly starting at the 6th line of the file? Is it neccessary to restart IceWM; isn't reboot enough? BTW. strg is better known as Ctrl.

    As for SECURITY: If I copy the files like you suggest, and modify e.g. /etc/X11/icewm/toolbar the changes do not take place; I have to modify the copy under home directory.

    As for AUTOMOUNT: I can not unmount USB flash drive. In terminal, umount command outputs
    umount: /media/USB DISK is not in the fstab (and you are not root)
    . I wonder , if it is safe to remove the drive without unmounting. Anyway, if I do, the mount point disappears from /media directory.

    BTW: During bootup I get this message: [ 42949372.960000] ACPI: Unable to locate RSDP.
    How do you copy text from XTerm to another application?

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Jan 2007
    Location
    Atlanta, GA
    Beans
    6
    Distro
    Xubuntu 6.10 Edgy

    Re: HOWTO Ubuntu Lite

    SUCCESS!!!

    Here was my process for getting Ubuntu Lite on a 2GB USB pen drive, written for relatively new Linux users like myself (Using IBM T30)

    1. Remove hard drive
    2. Attach USB pen drive
    3. Power on and boot to Ubuntu server install disk
    (It took the BIOS a little bit to recognize that the hard drive was missing. It may seem like the notebook is hanging but be patient. The BIOS will recognize the USB drive as the only hard drive)
    4. Choose to install to hard drive (Default Option)
    5. The install from here is the same as a regular server install. GRUB will auto load onto /dev/sda with no problems. (The install is much slower than a CD to HD install)
    6. Once the install is complete, remove CD and reboot to USB drive (Keep HD removed)
    7. Edit sources.list
    $sudo nano /etc/grub/sources.list
    8. add a line:
    deb http://blueeyedcreature.net/ubuntu ./
    9. Uncomment all other repos by removing the # a the begging of the line
    10. $sudo apt-get update
    11. $sudo apt-get install ubuntu-lite-desktop

    End of the install

    Thanks to all those that have posted!

  9. #9
    Join Date
    May 2006
    Location
    Finland
    Beans
    636

    Question Mounting and unmounting problems

    I added a regular user by command adduser USERNAME. Is there better way, maybe Graphical UI? (Xubuntu has users-admin.) Anyway, when logged as the created user, I can not mount USB DISK (error: permission denied) and I can not unmount cdrom (error: only the other user can unmount it.)
    Last edited by jis; January 29th, 2007 at 06:30 PM. Reason: used -> user

  10. #10
    Join Date
    May 2006
    Location
    Finland
    Beans
    636

    Question Re: HOWTO Ubuntu Lite

    I am now able to mount USB DISK as an additional regular user after I commanded sudo adduser USERNAME plugdev, but I still can't unmount. I can't unmount cdrom either. Anybody else have tried adding users in their Ubuntu lite system?

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