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Thread: TUTORIAL: AWStats with APACHE2

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  1. #1
    Join Date
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    Thumbs up TUTORIAL: AWStats with APACHE2

    I have installed AWStats on my web server and posted the following guide to help others.

    A mini Howto tutorial - Getting AWSTATS working with APACHE2 in UBUNTU Linux.

    Proud of my little ADSL connected web server built on an old Gateway P200 was I, that I felt the need to add some stats pages. After under a minute of detailed research I decided to go for AWSTATS because it just looked better.

    Diving right in I did a $ sudo apt-get install awstats and was happy to find a package available and watched it install without any fuss.

    Now what? I suppose I’ll have to read some documentation so went to www.awstats.org to find some interesting background reading and very little detail that matched my install. Where were wwwroot and the tools directory all the documententation kept referring to?

    After 30 minutes of googling and forum searching I found a number of documents that just confused me so decided then if I got this thing going, I would write it up.

    Well it works just fine now so true to my word here is what I had to do. I wish I had bookmarked some of the sites I got useful information from, just in a hurry I suppose but I didn’t other than one which was very useful, posted by anniec and gave me more than 90% of what I needed. LINK

    Before running the ./configure.pl script you needs to get your directories in shape and make a backup of your Apache2 config file as it is modified during this process.

    $sudo cp /etc/apache2/apache2.conf /etc/apache2/apache2.conf.orig

    AWSTATS in ubunto seems to dump all the files into /usr/share/doc/awstats/examples so step one was to copy them all over to the documented directory /usr/local/awstats.

    $ sudo cp /usr/share/doc/awstats/examples

    You can use mv (move) as well, I just wasn’t sure what I was doing so wanted to keep a virgin copy at hand and maybe Ubuntu may yet need it.

    In this directory you will find a compressed copy of the main config file called awstats.model.conf.gz. You need to uncompress this with

    $ sudo gunzip awstats.model.conf.gz which will give you a copy of awstats.model.conf.

    I made a backup $ sudo cp awstats.model.conf awstats.model.conf.orig then copied it to /usr/local/awstats.

    I then followed anniec’s instructions more or less, but modifying them for Apache2 rather than Apache.

    $ sudo mkdir wwwroot

    $ sudo mkdir wwwroot/cgi-bin

    Now we need to run the perl script, which immediately failed because it cannot find httpd.conf.

    This is because Apache2 in Ubunto’s default configuration is called apache2.conf.

    You just need to enter this location after the script complains about not finding httpd.conf.

    $ cd /usr/local/awstats/

    $ sudo ./configure.pl

    Enter /etc/apache2/apache2.conf when prompted for httpd.conf location and give the configuration file a unique name such as your domain name. If your unique name given was foo then you will end up with a file called awstats.foo.conf.

    Once run successfully the perl script will add some lines to apache2.conf. The final part of this file will have these lines added to it. Don’t bother restarting Apache just yet.

    #
    # Directives to allow use of AWStats as a CGI
    #
    Alias /awstatsclasses "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/classes/"
    Alias /awstatscss "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/css/"
    Alias /awstatsicons "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/icon/"
    ScriptAlias /awstats/ "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/"
    #
    # This is to permit URL access to scripts/files in AWStats directory.
    #
    <Directory "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot">
    Options FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
    </Directory>

    These lines added to apache2.conf do not match the directory structure so I added the recommended links to the real ones modifying again for the Apache2 structure.

    $ sudo mv awstats.model.conf wwwroot/cgi-bin
    $ sudo ln -s /usr/local/awstats/css/ wwwroot/
    $ sudo ln -s /usr/share/awstats/* wwwroot/
    $ sudo ln -s /usr/lib/cgi-bin/awstats.pl wwwroot/cgi-bin/
    $ sudo chown -R --dereference www-data:www-data wwwroot
    $ sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/lib/awstats/
    $ sudo chown root:www-data /var/log/apache2/access.log

    Now is the time to restart Apache2. The method I used was to issue the command

    $ sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

    If all is well you will get a little [ok] in the right hand side. So far so good we need to now modify the awstats configuration file.

    You now need to edit this with an editor. I used vi. If you have not used vi before or have been scared by the stories do not fear and follow these instructions.

    $sudo vi /etc/awstats/awstats.foo.conf

    If all is well you will see the configuration file come up – if you see a blank page you have made an error and need to replace foo above with you unique name! To exit press :q! in sequence and try again.

    You need to scroll down and find the line that begins LogFile="…. and replace it

    Vi has a FIND function which is to just press the / key and enter your search string i.e. LogFile= and press [ENTER]. This will take you to the first entry that has this line. To FIND AGAIN just press / followed by [ENTER] again. When you have found your line you need to INSERT. This is done by pressing the I on the keyboard. You will see the work INSERT comes up at the bottom. Use the keyboard arrows to move where you want to go and then modify the line to read.

    [Did you know that / can be used in the FireFox browser for FIND also?]

    LogFile="/var/log/apache2/access.log"

    To get out of INSERT mode press the [Esc] key. If you make a complete hash of it you can exit without saving with the three key sequence after pressing [Esc] :q! and try again.

    Ensure the following other lines read as follows

    LogType=W
    LogFormat=1
    SiteDomain="foo"
    # Substitute foo above with your unique name that you gave your awstats configuration file and don’t bother to add this line.
    DNSLookup=1
    DirData="/var/lib/awstats/"
    AllowToUpdateStatsFromBrowser=1

    To save the configuration file we must now use the save command w (for Write) so press [Esc] followed by :wq!

    Now go to your site with a browser and type this lot in

    http://www.foo.com/awstats/awstats.pl?config=foo
    changing foo for your appropriate settings as required.

    You should see the webpage come up but with blank stats. You will see an update Update now link at the top of the page which will then manually go and collect the stats. This bit can be automated with the use of the system cron command. This is well documented on the www.awstats.org site so you should get that bit from there.

    As always with these tutorials, use at your own risk, make a backup first, subject to change without notice and probably will cause you some wasted hours. Your cat may also leave home.
    Last edited by Hellsteeth; January 8th, 2005 at 12:11 PM.

  2. #2
    Join Date
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    Re: TUTORIAL: AWStats with APACHE2

    I keep getting permissions errors I followed the directions as closely as possible...

    how should my directories be owned and set up?

    I've got /var/log/apache2/ owned root:www-data and all files are chmodded 640

    Code:
    dean@server /usr/local/awstats $ ls -la
    total 149
    drwxr-sr-x    5 root     www-data      496 Mar  4 12:14 .
    drwxrwsr-x   10 root     staff         264 Mar  4 12:12 ..
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     www-data      289 Mar  4 12:13 awstats-update
    -rw-r--r--    1 root     www-data     1179 Mar  4 12:13 awstats-update.8
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     www-data    18472 Mar  4 12:13 awstats_buildstaticpages.pl
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     www-data    12767 Mar  4 12:13 awstats_exportlib.pl
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     www-data     4576 Mar  4 12:13 awstats_updateall.pl
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     www-data    22212 Mar  4 12:13 configure.pl
    drwxr-sr-x    2 root     www-data      120 Mar  4 12:13 css
    -rw-r--r--    1 root     www-data     1341 Mar  4 12:13 example.pm.gz
    drwxr-sr-x    2 root     www-data       96 Mar  4 12:13 js
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     www-data    27513 Mar  4 12:13 logresolvemerge.pl
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     www-data    25133 Mar  4 12:13 maillogconvert.pl
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     www-data    10535 Mar  4 12:13 urlaliasbuilder.pl
    drwxr-sr-x    3 root     www-data      192 Mar  4 12:18 wwwroot
    Whenever I visit http://192.168.0.102/awstats/awstats.pl?config=gallery, I get the following:
    Forbidden

    You don't have permission to access /awstats/awstats.pl on this server.

    Additionally, a 403 Forbidden error was encountered while trying to use an ErrorDocument to handle the request.

    Uggg, I hate permissions problems!!!!

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Dec 2004
    Location
    Paris, France
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    Re: TUTORIAL: AWStats with APACHE2

    Hi ming0,
    At first glance, this may have nothing to do with awstats.
    I suggest you look to see if apache is pointing to the right directory that awstats are in. Put an ordinary test web page (test.htm) in the same place, then see if you can access that at http://192.168.0.102/awstats/test.htm. If you can't it then Apache isn't getting that far and it is an Apache issue.

    For the record my directory listing is like this. I see one symbolic link in my listing and not in yours?



    Code:
    root@server:/usr/local/awstats # ls -la
    total 184
    drwxr-xr-x    5 root     root         4096 2004-12-16 14:44 .
    drwxrwsr-x   10 root     staff        4096 2004-12-16 14:41 ..
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root        18472 2004-01-25 16:19 awstats_buildstaticpages.pl
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root        12767 2003-12-06 00:53 awstats_exportlib.pl
    -rw-r--r--    1 root     root        15671 2004-12-12 21:17 awstats.model.conf.orig.gz
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root          289 2004-07-27 23:36 awstats-update
    -rw-r--r--    1 root     root         1179 2004-07-27 23:36 awstats-update.8
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root         4576 2004-01-05 08:01 awstats_updateall.pl
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root        22212 2004-01-13 14:14 configure.pl
    drwxr-xr-x    2 www-data www-data     4096 2004-12-16 13:57 css
    -rw-r--r--    1 root     root         1341 2003-11-15 20:39 example.pm.gz
    drwxr-xr-x    2 root     root         4096 2004-12-16 13:57 js
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root        27513 2004-01-07 07:13 logresolvemerge.pl
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root        25133 2004-01-25 16:15 maillogconvert.pl
    -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     root        10535 2003-11-08 17:56 urlaliasbuilder.pl
    drwxr-xr-x    3 www-data www-data     4096 2004-12-16 15:28 wwwroot

  4. #4
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    Re: TUTORIAL: AWStats with APACHE2

    I think it is an apache problem--because I can't get to the test page.

    Here's the bottom of my apache2.conf:

    Code:
    #
    # Directives to allow use of AWStats as a CGI
    #
    Alias /awstatsclasses "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/classes/"
    Alias /awstatscss "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/css/"
    Alias /awstatsicons "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/icon/"
    ScriptAlias /awstats/ "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/"
    
    #
    # This is to permit URL access to scripts/files in AWStats directory.
    #
    <Directory "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot">
        Options FollowSymLinks
        Options None
        AllowOverride None
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
    I am really bad at weeding out permissions problems, and I'm sure that's what this is... do you have any tips or ideas?

    Thanks

    BTW, which file do you see missing? I can only see the awstats.model.conf.orig.gz file, but I don't think that is a necessary file to get apache access into the wwwroot folder.

  5. #5
    Join Date
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    Re: TUTORIAL: AWStats with APACHE2

    Hi
    My apache2.conf enclosed, some difference in the last part.
    I have also included the line before that enables the virtual host configurations. You should check this one as well.



    Code:
    # Include the virtual host configurations:
    Include /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/[^.#]*
    
    #
    # Directives to allow use of AWStats as a CGI
    #
    Alias /awstatsclasses "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/classes/"
    Alias /awstatscss "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/css/"
    Alias /awstatsicons "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/icon/"
    ScriptAlias /awstats/ "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/"
    
    #
    # This is to permit URL access to scripts/files in AWStats directory.
    #
    <Directory "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot">
        Options FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>

  6. #6
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    Re: TUTORIAL: AWStats with APACHE2

    Quote Originally Posted by ming0
    Code:
    <Directory "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot">
        Options FollowSymLinks
        Options None
        AllowOverride None
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
    </Directory>
    The part that says "Options None" was the problem... I took that out, reset the server, and now awstats works like a charm!!! Thanks a lot for the help

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Jan 2005
    Location
    Minneapolis, MN
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    510
    Distro
    Xubuntu 11.10 Oneiric Ocelot

    Re: TUTORIAL: AWStats with APACHE2

    Awesome tutorial. It got me going pretty quickly. Here's a quick and dirty update -- I think some packages have changed since the original tutorial. I did this as root, and am just listing the commands since the descriptions above were so good! (March 25, 2005).

    # apt-get install awstats
    # cp /usr/share/doc/awstats/examples /usr/local/awstats
    # cd usr/local/awstats
    # mkdir wwwroot
    # mkdir wwwroot/cgi-bin
    # gunzip awstats.model.conf.gz
    # mv awstats.model.conf wwwroot/cgi-bin
    # ./awstats_configure.pl
    /etc/apache2/apache2.conf
    y
    foo.com
    {ENTER}
    {ENTER}
    {ENTER}
    # ln -s /usr/local/awstats/css/ wwwroot/
    # ln -s /usr/share/awstats/* wwwroot/
    # ln -s /usr/lib/cgi-bin/awstats.pl wwwroot/cgi-bin/
    # chown -R --dereference www-data:www-data wwwroot
    # chown -R --dereference www-data:www-data /var/lib/awstats
    # chown root:www-data /var/log/apache2/access.log

    In /etc/apache2/apache2.conf, find the section starting with
    <Directory "/usr/loacl/awstats/wwwroot">, and put a # in front of the line "Options None" it should look like:
    <Directory "/usr/local/awstats/wwwroot">
    # Options None
    AllowOverride None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
    </Directory>

    # /etc/init.d/apache2 reload

    visit:
    http://foo.com/awstats/awstats.pl?config=foo.com

  8. #8
    Join Date
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    The Feisty Fawn Testing

    Re: TUTORIAL: AWStats with APACHE2

    Thankyou so much!
    Thankyou Hellsteeth and thankyou stuporglue!

    I am so glade to finally have this working! almost straight after installing ubuntu I used apt-get to install apache2, mysql, php4, awstats and then installed phpmyadmin, phpbb and a few other things to muck around with, I'm also experimenting with virtual hosts, and I just hosted a file for another forum board and was using iptraf to watch it flying along, and that got me motivated to figure out how to get AWstats working.

    I didn't have much luck and decided to search the 'other software' thread in here for awstats and hit gold straight away, it's taken me 10 minutes now to get it working, and days of previous wondering, as I could see it mentioned in the syslog file which was just annoying me more!
    Desktop System: [ Dual Boot (bootloader: grub) -> Windows XP SP2 - deprecated :: Ubuntu 6.06 ]
    Laptop: ASUS W1 :: All Ubuntu, baby!

  9. #9
    Join Date
    Mar 2005
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    118

    Re: TUTORIAL: AWStats with APACHE2

    thank you. This worked!
    See, you not only have to be a good coder to create a system like Linux, you have to be a sneaky bastard too.

  10. #10
    Join Date
    Nov 2004
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    69
    Distro
    Ubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron

    Re: TUTORIAL: AWStats with APACHE2

    Thanks to this tutorial I have a working AWstats installation, but I wonder how to tweak it further in order to:

    1) allow the statistics page to be accessible only to a range of local addresses (for example 192.168.1.10 through 192.1168.1.125)

    2) hide the contents of the /awstats/wwwroot/ directory and its subdirectories (which are now visible when accessing http://my.site.example/awstats), allowing access only to the awstats.pl script.

    3) to rotate the logs without losing information [1]

    [1] According to the AWstats FAQ one should insert
    Code:
    prerotate
    /usr/local/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl -update -config=mydomainconfig
    endscript
    in /etc/logrotate.d/apache2. Is this OK for a default warty apache2 install?

    I would be very grateful to receive tips/hints/help in this direction

    Cheers!

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