How to Secure Firefox
Intro: What we are going to do is secure Firefox by blocking cookies and Java, then adding only trusted sites via a "White List" (White list = exceptions).
bodhi.zazen: Updated 1/12/1010
- Customize Google.
- Java/Flash (NoScript).
- Secure private data.
- Write an Apparmor Profile.
- Using Firefox, ie how to generate white lists.
- Surf Anonymously ~ Privoxy/TOR
- Other Privacy issues
We have three options here, Hosts file, Firefox extensions, or proxy servers.
- Hosts file. I prefer a hosts file as it protects more then just Firefox.
Here is how I do a hosts file : http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=241460#2
Direct link to hosts file
- Firefox extension : Adblock Plus
- Proxy servers. Proxy servers may be used to increase privacy as well (see TOR) and come in several flavors, caching and non-caching. In general, caching is not needed as Firefox uses it's own cache. Configuration of each and every proxy server and configuring a firewall so that a proxy as "transparent" is beyond this post (transparent means you have configured your network so that users do not have to manually configure Firefox and in general involve a hardware firewall + a squid server).
As an example See here
IMHO, for single user desktops, I advise Adblock Plus.
IMHO, in a multi user environment or on a LAN, I advise a proxy server.
- Privoxy is a very popular option.
Privoxy is fast, light, and has adblocking "built in". See "bfilter" below for how to configure Firefox to use a proxy.
sudo apt-get install privoxy
- Bfilter. As of Ubuntu 9.10 bfilter is no longer supported in the ubuntu repositories. You may still install bfilter using Autopackage. Autopackage installs the bfilter-gui.
Bfilter runs on windows as well (portable, nice when you are using a guest computer).
Bfilter is easy to install and configure.
To configure, open Firefox preferences -> Advanced tab -> Network tab -> now click the "settings" box. Use 127.0.0.1 port 8080 as a proxy (see screen shot)
sudo apt-get install bfilter
- Squid. Squid can be used for adblocking and has several advanced features. See also DansGuardian.
If you need a few pointers on Dansguardian or configuring an invisible proxy, see also :
How to transparent proxy
Web content filtering made easy
Go to your Firefox menu -> Preferences -> Privacy Tab
UNSELECT "Accept cookies from sites"
All cookies are now blocked.
Flash manages cookies directly. To manage flash cookies : http://www.macromedia.com/support/do...manager02.html
~ Thanks benny bronx
To configure, right click on the NoScript icon (lower right) and select options.
That's right, google is feeding you adds
Install this extension.
Tools -> Optimize Google Options
Go through each category on the Left and tic off "Remove Adds" (and anything else you might like).
Another great extension (IMO) is googleefree . This is not really an extension, it is a google search bar that excludes Expert Exchange (that annoying service you have to join to see solutions).
Phishing is, in a nut shell, spoofing a web site or an attempt to fool users to divulge personal information.
There are several Firefox extensions to consider, Web of Trust is one example.
Web of Trust
Secure Private Data
- Go to your Firefox menu -> Preferences -> Security Tab
Set a "Master Password". This will protect others from displaying your passwords. If you have a sensitive password like to the Ubuntu Forums or your Bank, BEST NOT TO STORE IT AT ALL.
Hey, while you are there, check out the password strength meter.
- Install SafeHistory.
Safe History functionality is built into Firefox 3.5.x and is configured under Options -> Privacy tab -> use custom settings (select this option from the pull down menu).
You may also configure Firefox , in about:config, to disable the use of an offline cache.
- Install SafeCache to be safer against CSRF attacks.
- As of Firefox 3.5 there is an option for Private browsing
~ Thanks FaBi3ttO
How to Whitelist
OK, now you will likely find Firefox somewhat restrictive. The goal here is to allow "normal" functioning. In order to log into forums or your banking sites we need to allow Cookies and Java. We will do this ONLY for specific sites we trust via white lists.
- Cookies - Firefox options -> Privacy tab
Copy the Ubuntu url from your browser : http://ubuntuforums.org/
Go to "Cookies" -> click the "Exceptions" button -> paste ubuntu url -> click "Allow for session"
For secure sites like Banking you will need to allow multiple url (https), usually one from the home page, then one from the log in page, and sometimes from the next page as well. So if you are having problems, keep adding url to the white list.
- Java - Right click on the NoScript icon -> Allow Ubuntu.com
Repeat these steps until you have added your sites and have the functionality you need.
Use Apparmor Profile
As of Ubuntu 9.10 there is now a profile for Firefox. It is disabled by default, to enable it use the command :
The default profile may be a bit too permissive in allowing access to home directories so I advise you review it.
sudo aa-enforce /etc/apparmor.d/usr.bin.firefox-3.5
Firefox profiles for older versions of Ubuntu can be found here
Apparmor is beyond this thread, but see these two threads :
[all variants] Introduction to AppArmor - Ubuntu Forums
Share your AppArmor Profiles
How to Surf Anonymously ~ Privoxy/TOR
Privoxy / TOR can significantly increase your privacy, but at a cost of reduced speed. Please note however, that these services DO NOT offer complete anonymity.
Ubuntu wiki TOR
If you use TOR and have the capacity, consider contributing a TOR server (a few more servers would speed things up for everyone).
Tor is not the only option, there are other privacy proxies available to a google search.
Privacy is a separate but related issue and I added a page on my blog to get you stared:
Peace be with you,