Page 1 of 2 12 LastLast
Results 1 to 10 of 13

Thread: Welcome : Links to get started with Virtualization

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Apr 2006
    Location
    Montana
    Beans
    Hidden!
    Distro
    Kubuntu Development Release

    Welcome : Links to get started with Virtualization


    Welcome. As virtualization is becoming ever more popular we have decided to dedicate a forum to this topic.

    Although a comprehensive over view is not possible in this limited space, this sticky hopefully hopefully provide a starting point for those seeking information and/or support.

    Last, while I would assume most are familiar with Qemu (including KVM, Virtulabox, and Xen) and VMWare, I would like to bring OpenVZ and VServer to your attention.

    How-to Forge, Virtualization section can be a good source of information. The Ubutu wiki will have Ubuntu specific information.

    Contents
    1. Qemu
    2. KVM
    3. Virtualbox
    4. Xen
    5. VMWare (server)
    6. OpenVZ
    7. Virtuozzo
    8. VServer
    9. General tips


    Appendix
    • Run Ubuntu / LInux on a Window host


    If you have not seen the I,XEN page ...

    I,XEN : An OpenSkills guide to Xen installation and use on Suse 9.3

    OpenVZ vx. VServer


    Qemu

    QEMU is a generic and open source machine emulator and virtualizer.

    When used as a machine emulator, QEMU can run OSes and programs made for one machine (e.g. an ARM board) on a different machine (e.g. your own PC). By using dynamic translation, it achieves very good performances.

    When used as a virtualizer, QEMU achieves near native performances by executing the guest code directly on the host CPU. A host driver called the QEMU accelerator (also known as KQEMU) is needed in this case. The virtualizer mode requires that both the host and guest machine use x86 compatible processors.
    Qemu code is used by KVM, Virtualbox, and Xen.

    Home Page

    How-tos


    GUI front ends for qemu (Click on links ot go to home pages)
    • Q is a Mac OS X port of QEMU with a nice GUI.
    • QEMU Manager, a GUI for the Windows port of QEMU.
    • QEMU Launcher, a GTK front end for QEMU on Linux.
    • QEMoon, a QEMU gui frontend for Linux and Windows in Java using the Eclipse framework.
    • qemudo, QEMU Web Interface.
    • QtEmu, a graphical user interface for QEMU written in Qt4 for Linux and Windows.
    Qemu forums

    Gutsy (guest) bug fix : http://ubuntu-tutorials.com/2007/07/...-qemu-bug-fix/


    KVM (Kernel Virtual Machine)

    KVM (for Kernel-based Virtual Machine) is a full virtualization solution for Linux on x86 hardware containing virtualization extensions (Intel VT or AMD-V). It consists of a loadable kernel module, kvm.ko, that provides the core virtualization infrastructure and a processor specific module, kvm-intel.ko or kvm-amd.ko. KVM also requires a modified QEMU although work is underway to get the required changes upstream.

    Using KVM, one can run multiple virtual machines running unmodified Linux or Windows images. Each virtual machine has private virtualized hardware: a network card, disk, graphics adapter, etc.

    The kernel component of KVM is included in mainline Linux, as of 2.6.20.

    KVM is open source software.
    Home page

    How-to



    Virtualbox

    Innotek VirtualBox is a family of powerful x86 virtualization products for enterprise as well as home use. Not only is VirtualBox an extremely feature rich, high performance product for enterprise customers, it is also the only professional solution that is freely available as Open Source Software under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL). See "About VirtualBox" for an introduction; see "innotek" for more about our company.

    Presently, VirtualBox runs on Windows, Linux and Macintosh hosts and supports a large number of guest operating systems including but not limited to Windows (NT 4.0, 2000, XP, Server 2003, Vista), DOS/Windows 3.x, Linux (2.4 and 2.6), and OpenBSD.

    VirtualBox is being actively developed with frequent releases and has an ever growing list of features, supported guest operating systems and platforms it runs on. VirtualBox is a community effort backed by a dedicated company: everyone is encouraged to contribute while innotek ensures the product always meets professional quality criteria.
    Home page

    How to


    Virtualbox Users Manuel (PDF) See the "User manual"

    Virtualbox Forums

    Virtualbox on a live CD: MCNLive VirtualCity. Based on Mandriva, KDE desktop, Virtualbox Open source edition.



    MCN Live Home Page



    Xen

    The XenSource v4 Product Family enables businesses to deploy high-performance Windows and Linux virtual machines rapidly and easily, and to manage them and their related storage and networking resources from a single easy-to-use management console.

    The family includes three virtualization products that are fully compatible, with additional capacity and features enabled by license key. The products include:

    • XenExpress™: a free starter package for bringing virtualization to every server
    • XenServer™: high-performance rich-featured server virtualization with multi-server management, with capacity for most business-critical workloads
    • XenEnterprise™: a powerful platform managing virtualization as a flexible aggregated pool of compute and storage re sources, for dynamic managed virtualization environments for the enterprise.


    The foundation of the XenSource v4 Family is the open source Xen™ hypervisor, an open, proven and fully supported engine for server virtualization.
    The Xen Home page includes an "overview" of virtualization on a series nicely formatted pages.

    Open source Home page

    Xen is available in the Ubuntu repositories, and there is a metapackage available as well : ubuntu-xen-server

    How-to


    Live CD: The Xen project no longer maintains a live CD. There are tow independent projects, Xenoppix which was renamed VMKnopix. Current VMKNOPPIX includes Xen 3.1.0 for x86 and x86_64.

    Wiki: Xen wiki

    Forums: The Xen project maintains forums for commercial customers. Support of open source Xen is available via Xen mailing lists. Last, there is a Nabble Xen forum.


    VMWare (server)

    Optimize and manage your IT infrastructure, from the desktop to the data center, by virtualizing your computing, storage and networking systems with VMware software. VMware products provide enterprise-class virtual machines that increase server and other resource utilization, improve performance, increase security and minimize system downtime, reducing the cost and complexity of delivering enterprise services. By leveraging your existing technology, VMware enables the roll out of new applications with less risk and lower platform costs.
    While not Open Source, VMWare has made contributions to the open source community and VMWare server is freely available, although you need to register with VMWare to obtain a serial number.

    Home page

    VMWare : Overview of Virtualization

    How-to


    VMWare Communities (forums)


    OpenVZ

    OpenVZ is an operating system-level virtualization technology based on the Linux kernel and operating system. OpenVZ allows a physical server to run multiple isolated operating system instances, known as Virtual Private Servers (VPS) or Virtual Environments (VE).

    As compared to virtual machines such as VMware and paravirtualization technologies like Xen, OpenVZ is limited in that it requires both the host and guest OS to be Linux (although Linux distributions can be different in different VEs). However, OpenVZ claims a performance advantage; according to its website, there is only a 1-3% performance penalty for OpenVZ as compared to using a standalone server[1]. An independent performance evaluation[2] confirms this.

    OpenVZ is a basis of Virtuozzo, a proprietary software product provided by SWsoft, Inc. OpenVZ is licensed under the GPL version 2.

    The OpenVZ is divided into a custom kernel and user-level tools.
    Home page
    Interview with OpenVZ Project Manager Kir Kolyshkin

    How-to * The preferred base seems to be Centos (you can install on Fedora or Ubuntu/Debian, but you may need to use an older kernel).


    Screencasts


    You can download a VM from OpenVZ:


    Or Make your own * Make a template cache first.

    OpenVZ wiki

    OpenVZ forums

    Home page Openvz Live CD

    Download page, Knoppix or Centos base

    Screen shot: (Knoppix live cd, Booting)



    Virtuozzo

    * Virtuozzo is built on OpenVZ

    SWsoft Virtuozzo is a patented OS virtualization solution. Virtuozzo creates isolated virtual environments (VE) or containers on a single physical server and OS instance. Compared to other virtualization technologies, Virtuozzo offers the highest levels of density, performance and manageability.

    • Intelligent Partitioning - Division of a server into as many as hundreds of VEs with full server functionality.
    • Complete Isolation - VEs are secure and have full functional, fault and performance isolation.
    • Dynamic Resource Allocation - CPU, memory, network, disk and I/O can be changed without re-booting.
    • Live Migration - Business continuity capabilities including live migration ensure data is available and recoverable.
    • Mass Management - Suite of tools and templates for automated, multi-VE and multi-server administration.
    Home page

    Linux.com :: Review: Virtuozzo for Linux 3.0
    Summary

    Any business or organization that's looking at virtualization should put Virtuozzo at the top of the list. It's a really powerful solution that's relatively simple to administer and use.

    Virtuozzo is not the same type of solution as VMware Server or ESX. Since Virtuozzo approaches virtualization differently, you don't have the same operating system flexibility that you'd have with VMware Server -- want to run FreeBSD, Linux, and Windows on the same machines? Then Virtuozzo isn't the offering for your organization. Want to use a virtualization solution that helps partition servers into multiple Linux VPSes, and makes things much easier to manage? Then I'd recommend checking out Virtuozzo when you evaluate solutions.

    If you're an "open source at all costs" type of person, take a look at SWsoft's OpenVZ instead. OpenVZ has a subset of the features included with Virtuozzo -- you can still run multiple guests on a single host, and it offers much of the same functionality in terms of QoS features, but it lacks the GUI tools and utilities that make it really easy to manage Virtuozzo.
    There is a trial version but this seems to be commercial software.


    VServer

    From the Ubutu wiki :
    The Linux VServer Project provides multiple Linux environments running inside a single Linux kernel.

    You can think of it as a bit like running a new system inside a chroot, but with a different host name and IP address, a de-fanged root user, and configurable resource management. This is a similar feature to jails on FreeBSD and containers on Solaris 10+.

    VServers are a different approach to the popular XEN Hypervisor; with XEN you end up with a kernel for each virtual server; VServers do not. So, with VServer you have less (virtually no) overhead, on the other hand you also have fewer features - it is currently impossible to have a VServer with a different time set to the host system, for instance. However it is possible to run a different time zone, as that is a purely user-space feature. The design of UNIX in general mean that for the vast majority of applications, this virtualisation technique is perfectly adequate.

    Note that Xen and VServer are orthogonal approaches - that is, it is perfectly possible and sometimes even sensible to run Xen virtual machines on a Linux system, then Linux VServers within those Xen machines.
    Home page
    VServer FAQ

    How-to



    General Tips




    Windows Host

    Options:
    1. Qemu
    2. VirtualBox
    3. VMWare
    4. Colinux
    5. Cygwin



    Qemu

    Qemu runs in Windows and a very easy introduction is DSL. The "Embeded" version includes qemu.

    Run (Damn Small) Linux on Windows

    There are graphical launchers for qemu as well :

    Qemu Manager


    Virtual Box

    Virtual Box runs on Windows and may be easier to use.

    aysiu maintains a nice how-to run Ubuntu in Virtual Box (on Windows) Here (psychocats)


    VMWare

    VMWare is a mature product and there are a number of options.

    Here is a tutorial to install VMWare server + an Ubuntu guest.


    Colinux



    Colinux allows you to run Linux within Windows. Linux will run at near native speed.

    How to Colinux


    Cygwin



    Cygwin is a Unix like environment for windows. It includes a X server (yes, you can ssh -X to a windows box with Cygwin)

    How to install Cygwin
    Last edited by bodhi.zazen; May 4th, 2008 at 04:20 PM.
    There are two mistakes one can make along the road to truth...not going all the way, and not starting.
    --Prince Gautama Siddharta

    #ubuntuforums web interface

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Jul 2007
    Location
    With Tux
    Beans
    691
    Distro
    Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat

    Wink Re: Welcome : Links to get started with Virtualization

    Virtual Box:
    I would like to add, make sure you install guest additions after you update to 1.52(downloading the deb from the Virtual box website and just installing it, it will update automatically and no data will be lost.) When you maximize it you don't have to go full screen and you can move the mouse in and out with out laggs (1gb+RAM for better stability).

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Mar 2006
    Location
    The Netherlands
    Beans
    82

    Re: Welcome : Links to get started with Virtualization

    Link to "Qemu Launcher" is not working anymore.
    This is a working one: https://gna.org/projects/qemulaunch/
    VBoxTool, VirtualBox automation tools: http://vboxtool.sourceforge.net/
    ufw2web, a web interface for ufw (Ubuntu Firewall): http://ufw2web.sourceforge.net/
    Frext, a replicator for Firebird databases: http://frext.sourceforge.net/

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Apr 2006
    Location
    Montana
    Beans
    Hidden!
    Distro
    Kubuntu Development Release

    Re: Welcome : Links to get started with Virtualization

    Quote Originally Posted by markba View Post
    Link to "Qemu Launcher" is not working anymore.
    This is a working one: https://gna.org/projects/qemulaunch/
    Thanks for the heads up.

    This is the qemu-launcher home page : http://projects.wanderings.us/qemu_launcher

    *link updated*
    There are two mistakes one can make along the road to truth...not going all the way, and not starting.
    --Prince Gautama Siddharta

    #ubuntuforums web interface

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Jan 2008
    Beans
    179

    Re: Welcome : Links to get started with Virtualization

    if you're using the howto at:
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/KVM

    then also, you might need to sudo modprobe tun, in addition to modprobe kvm-intel or modprobe kvm-amd

    and change the following in your interfaces file (if you're configuring the advanced networking "Virtual NICs on VDE, VDE Tap'd to Host, Tap NATed to Outside" section)

    Code:
    post-down kill -s HUP `cat /var/run/vde_switch.pid`
    change to:

    Code:
    post-down kill -s HUP $(cat /var/run/vde_switch.pid)
    If this helps you, click my thanks ribbon / medal, so I can start looking cool in the ubuntu forums hehehe
    --
    Regards,
    aBitLater

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Jan 2008
    Beans
    179

    Re: Welcome : Links to get started with Virtualization

    if you're getting core dumps, try setting up with acpi (don't use --no-acpi). Then after you install your guest OS, search google on disabling power management for whatever operating system you use, and add the --no-acpi back in to the kvm command line.

    If you're an uber-noob like me, you need to add quotes to your panel launcher command line:
    Code:
    gksu "vdeq kvm -hda /home/brianphillips/windows.img -boot c -cdrom /dev/cdrom -net nic -net vde -m 512"
    Of course, make the memory what you want (-m), and this example assumes a dos or windows type guest OS is what you're launching. gksu gives the windows that requires the su password.
    --
    Regards,
    aBitLater

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Dec 2007
    Location
    Michigan
    Beans
    100
    Distro
    Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick Meerkat

    Re: Welcome : Links to get started with Virtualization

    Sorry about the little things, but you spelled InnoTek wrong.

    You left off the first 'i'

    "nnotek VirtualBox is a family of powerful x86 virtualization products"
    Registered Linux User # 469449 | Registered Ubuntu User # 21486
    My Tutorials: Convert SysLinux entries into Grub Entries | Ultimate USB Recovery Drive
    Chuck Norris can restore a system from sudo rm -rf /.
    You can't.

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Apr 2006
    Location
    Montana
    Beans
    Hidden!
    Distro
    Kubuntu Development Release

    Re: Welcome : Links to get started with Virtualization

    Quote Originally Posted by Belak View Post
    Sorry about the little things, but you spelled InnoTek wrong.

    You left off the first 'i'

    "nnotek VirtualBox is a family of powerful x86 virtualization products"
    Thanks, fixed
    There are two mistakes one can make along the road to truth...not going all the way, and not starting.
    --Prince Gautama Siddharta

    #ubuntuforums web interface

  9. #9
    Join Date
    Aug 2005
    Location
    Sweden
    Beans
    1,177

    Re: Welcome : Links to get started with Virtualization

    Not sure if it's already posted but this website has a nice Tech Comparison chart with some good explanations about this subject.
    http://virt.kernelnewbies.org/TechComparison

  10. #10
    Join Date
    Oct 2007
    Location
    Bahrain
    Beans
    Hidden!

    Re: Welcome : Links to get started with Virtualization

    Thanks guys.. i just needed this badly.. I'm trying to setup a windows xp on my ubuntu so i install Sony Vegas on it.. I waned to go for VMWARE but i guess it's not free
    I'm going for VirtualBox.. any suggestions?
    Don't curse the dark, light up a candle!

Page 1 of 2 12 LastLast

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •