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Thread: HOWTO: install VHCS on ubuntu (SERVER)

  1. #1
    Join Date
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    N.B: a maintained version of this howto can be found here

    Hello,
    Q.what is VHCS?
    vhcs (Virtual Hosting Control System) is a software solution to run a webserver, mailserver, DNSserver, FTP server on linux (the current supported OS for now)

    Q.How to install it
    Just follow the HOWTO below:

    First begin by instaling ubuntu (don't need to choose server option, i will give you solutions to tweak it also, but if you don't want to use X at all then choose server).. after ubuntu is installed, Do the following:

    Now you have the solution to either install it manually by following the silver text down there or follow the automatic method below:
    Code:
    wget http://wael.nasreddine.com/files/vhcs/vhcs.sh
    now type
    Code:
    sudo -s -H
    <enter password>
    sh vhcs.sh
    and follow the inline instructions


    NOTE: You are not authorised to modify/remove the license that is inside the script 2 times, it's 15 line and must be always the same 15 line, but you can modify the script and/or redestribute it without changing those licence lines, thank you


    0. make sure you have all needed repository, tested with /etc/apt/sources.list
    Code:
    #ubuntu archive
    deb http://fr.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ breezy universe main restricted multiverse
    deb-src http://fr.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ breezy universe main restricted multiverse
    
    # ubuntu updates
    deb http://fr.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-updates main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src http://fr.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy main restricted universe multiverse
    
    #ubuntu security
    deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security main restricted universe multiverse
    deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu breezy-security main restricted universe multiverse
    1-making temp directories (you can change them to anything but we just need a folder to drop the files in it to make vhcs)
    Code:
    sudo mkdir /tmp/vhcs_tmp
    sudo mkdir /tmp/vhcs_tmp/install
    cd /root/vhcs_tmp/install
    2- we update the current installed system
    Code:
    sudo apt-get update
    
    sudo apt-get upgrade -y

    3-removing some uneeded packages, which can also cause the system not to function properly
    Code:
    sudo apt-get remove  -y lpr nfs-common portmap pidentd pcmcia-cs pppoe pppoeconf ppp pppconfig
    4-removing some service from /etc/inetd.conf file
    Code:
    sudo update-inetd --remove daytime
    sudo update-inetd --remove telnet
    sudo update-inetd --remove time
    sudo update-inetd --remove finger
    sudo update-inetd --remove talk
    sudo update-inetd --remove ntalk
    sudo update-inetd --remove ftp
    sudo update-inetd --remove discard
    5-installing all needed packages
    Code:
    sudo apt-get install -assume-yes --force-yes ssh postfix postfix-tls proftpd-mysql courier-authdaemon courier-base courier-imap courier-maildrop courier-pop libberkeleydb-perl libcrypt-blowfish-perl libcrypt-cbc-perl libcrypt-passwdmd5-perl libdate-calc-perl libdate-manip-perl libdbd-mysql-perl libdbi-perl libio-stringy-perl libmail-sendmail-perl libmailtools-perl libmd5-perl libmime-perl libnet-dns-perl libnet-netmask-perl libnet-perl libnet-smtp-server-perl libperl5.8 libsnmp-session-perl libterm-readkey-perl libtimedate-perl perl perl-base perl-modules bind9 diff gzip iptables libmcrypt4 mysql-client mysql-common mysql-server patch php4 php4-mcrypt php4-mysql php4-pear procmail tar original-awk libterm-readpassword-perl libsasl2-modules libsasl2 sasl2-bin apache2 apache2-common apache2-mpm-prefork libapache2-mod-php4 bzip2
    6-getting vhcs archive file from vhcs.net (this is for the current 2.4.6.2version, visit http://www.vhcs.net for the current/latest version)

    7-exctracting the archive, and entering into the vhcs sources directory
    Code:
    tar xjvf vhcs2.4.tar.bz2
    cd ./vhcs2
    8-installing the vhcs
    8.1-make install vhcs which will put all the file into /tmp/vhcs2 folder
    Code:
    sudo make install
    8.2-copying all the files into their real directory
    Code:
    sudo cp -R /tmp/vhcs2/etc/* /etc
    sudo cp -R /tmp/vhcs2/var/* /var
    sudo cp -R /tmp/vhcs2/usr/* /usr
    ok now vhcs files are in place, we proceed to the configuration now,

    9-so first we change/create the mysql root password
    Code:
    mysqladmin -u root -p password "new password here"
    10-after the vhcs has been installed, and the mysql root has been changed let's make sure we are in the latest packages
    Code:
    sudo apt-get update
    
    sudo apt-get upgrade -y
    
    sudo apt-get clean
    11-ok, this is the time to make vhcs installed and fully operational,
    Code:
    sudo /var/www/vhcs2/engine/setup/vhcs2-setup
    here you will be asked about passwords, ip etc... it's recommanded that you use private ip of the server

    12-VHCS installed, now you need to include the apache configuration file and to restart apache
    so open /etc/apache2/httpd.conf
    Code:
    sudo pico /etc/apache2/httpd.conf
    and append the following instruction at the end of the file
    Code:
    Include /etc/apache2/sites-available/vhcs2.conf
    restart apache
    Code:
    /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

    13-finally we add the daemon to boot on ubuntu startup
    Code:
    sudo update-rc.d vhcs2_daemon defaults
    sudo update-rc.d vhcs2_network defaults



    now visit http://whatever.the.servers.ip.is/vhcs2/ or http://127.0.0.1/vhcs2/ and begin by creating a reseller, then a hosting template to add a domain

    F.A.Q
    Q.How to make ubuntu start without X server, to have more free RAM
    from a terminal remove gdm, xdm and kdm (normally only gdm is installed but just to make sure)
    Code:
    sudo apt-get remove gdm
    sudo apt-get remove xdm
    sudo apt-get remove kdm
    Q.How to make it possible that the user use .htaccess file (normally can't be used, give ERROR 500)
    edit /etc/vhcs2/apache/working/vhcs2.conf file
    search for in the domain you need to give the rights to use .htaccess file
    Code:
    AllowOverride AuthConfig
    replace with
    Code:
    AllowOverride All
    replace the file /etc/apache2/sites-available/vhcs2.conf with this one
    Code:
    sudo cp /etc/vhcs2/apache/working/vhcs2.conf /etc/apache2/sites-available/vhcs2.conf
    restart apache2
    Code:
    sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
    Q.is it possible to make it by default .htaccess can be used
    Yes. Open /etc/vhcs2/apache/parts/{prefix}_entry.tpl where {prefix} is "als" and "dmn" and "sub" without quotes
    search for
    Code:
    AllowOverride AuthConfig
    replace with
    Code:
    AllowOverride All
    edit also /etc/vhcs2/apache/working/vhcs2.conf to enable it for the current registered domains
    replace all occurences of:
    Code:
    AllowOverride AuthConfig
    with
    Code:
    AllowOverride All
    copy this file to /etc/apache2/sites-available/
    Code:
    sudo cp /etc/vhcs2/apache/working/vhcs2.conf /etc/apache2/sites-available/vhcs2.conf
    restart apache2
    Code:
    sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
    Q.mysql root password is stored in /etc/proftpd.conf in clear text, can i hide it?
    you can only hide it from normal users, but unfortunately it will be always visibe to sudoers users
    Code:
    sudo chmod 0600 /etc/proftpd.conf
    Q.how to change mysql password
    changing the mysql root passwors is easy, just follow this four steps
    1. begin by changing the mysql root password with
    Code:
    mysqladmin -u root -p password "new password here"
    2. go to /var/www/vhcs2/engine and execute vhcs2-db-password
    Code:
    cd /var/www/vhcs2/engine
    sudo ./vhcs2-db-password
    follow the screen instructions,

    3. restart proftpd
    Code:
    /etc/init.d/proftpd restart
    that's it

    --== new questions will be added later also keep checking this topic ==--

    Troublesshooting

    Q.When i run /var/www/vhcs2/engine/setup/vhcs2-setup file, i get errors something about mysql error
    this error has occured because your mysql password contains non alpha-numeric charachters, this can be solved by editing /var/www/vhcs2/engine/setup/vhcs2-setup, so:
    Code:
    sudo pico /var/www/vhcs2/engine/setup/vhcs2-setup
    Ctrl + w to search, type "setup_sql" without quotes
    go down and find the line
    Code:
        my $cmd = "$main::cfg{'CMD_MYSQL'} --user=$main::db_user --pass=$main::db_pwd < /tmp/db.sql 1>/tmp/db.sql.stdout 2>/tmp/db.sql.stderr";
    replace in it
    Code:
    --pass=$main::db_pwd
    with
    Code:
    --pass=\"$main::db_pwd\"
    so it will look like this
    Code:
        my $cmd = "$main::cfg{'CMD_MYSQL'} --user=$main::db_user --pass=\"$main::db_pwd\" < /tmp/db.sql 1>/tmp/db.sql.stdout 2>/tmp/db.sql.stderr";
    run /var/www/vhcs2/engine/setup/vhcs2-setup again


    Q.my ips are resolving private to the outside (dnsreport.com report private ips instead of public ones)
    There's two methods to solve this problem, i will state one now, the second one will be added later

    this method consist of reinstalling VHCS with public IP, and solve apache resolving problem (when public ip is used, apache will no longer resolve domains)
    first you need to remove all added users (go to vhcs2 database in mysql and see the uid in admin table)
    Code:
    sudo userdel vu200X
    where X is the user number (vhcs2 will begin with 1)

    remove the added groups
    Code:
    sudo groupdel vu200X
    where X is the group number (vhcs2 will begin with 1)

    remove the working conf files
    Code:
    sudo rm /etc/vhcs2/apache/working/vhcs2.conf
    sudo rm /etc/vhcs2/bind/working/*
    sudo rm /etc/apache2/sites-available/vhcs2.conf
    sudo rm /var/cache/bind/*
    now you're ready to install, repeat only step 11 but use public ip this time

    now proceed to edit the apache files to resolve correctly
    Open /etc/vhcs2/apache/parts/{prefix}_entry.tpl where {prefix} is "als", "dmn" and "sub" without quotes
    replace
    Code:
    <VirtualHost {DMN_NAME}>
    with
    Code:
    <VirtualHost *>
    recreate reseller, etc... now

    Q.FTP always give authetifications incorrect!!!
    Code:
    sudo pico /etc/proftpd.conf
    search for
    Code:
    SQLConnectInfo          vhcs2@localhost root
    mysql root password must be in clear text right after root in the aboce text, if not add it and
    Code:
    sudo /etc/init.d/proftpd restart



    Any suggestion about a step, or any question to be added to the F.A.Q/Troubleshooting is appreciated
    Thanks to alexkotov, BeeEmm, Ico Dimov, Dimitri Tarassenko, Nigel Jones, Markus Petzsch, Tassoman, developpers of VHCS open source project


    Version History
    ------------------------
    Version [ Date ] Changes
    --------------------------------------
    1.0 [ 21-12-2005 ] First Version Imported from my hoary script
    Last edited by Gandalf; December 22nd, 2005 at 04:58 AM.
    [My Blog] | [My Sites] | [My Ubuntu Guides]

    doc.gwos.org, the real successor of Ubuntu Guide

  2. #2
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    Re: HOWTO: install VHCS on ubuntu (SERVER)

    Script updated to install latest VHCS 2.4.7
    [My Blog] | [My Sites] | [My Ubuntu Guides]

    doc.gwos.org, the real successor of Ubuntu Guide

  3. #3
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    Re: HOWTO: install VHCS on ubuntu (SERVER)

    Hi will you be able to update your script to install version 2.4.7.1? There a few bad bugs in 2.4.7 that this update fixes.

  4. #4
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    Re: HOWTO: install VHCS on ubuntu (SERVER)

    Quote Originally Posted by tariqf
    Hi will you be able to update your script to install version 2.4.7.1? There a few bad bugs in 2.4.7 that this update fixes.
    HUH? What u're talking about man? haven't u checked the script?
    the script was updated to install VHCS2.4.7.1 the night 2.4.7.1 was released, plus an upgrade 2.4.7 -> 2.4.7.1 was included, i just didn't update this topic, please next time take a look to the script before asking
    [My Blog] | [My Sites] | [My Ubuntu Guides]

    doc.gwos.org, the real successor of Ubuntu Guide

  5. #5
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    Re: HOWTO: install VHCS on ubuntu (SERVER)

    Sorry Gandalf I should have checked the script. Many thanks for such a handy piece of code.

    Tariq

  6. #6
    Join Date
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    Re: HOWTO: install VHCS on ubuntu (SERVER)

    Quote Originally Posted by tariqf
    Sorry Gandalf I should have checked the script. Many thanks for such a handy piece of code.

    Tariq
    u're welcome and don't worry its ok
    [My Blog] | [My Sites] | [My Ubuntu Guides]

    doc.gwos.org, the real successor of Ubuntu Guide

  7. #7
    Join Date
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    Re: HOWTO: install VHCS on ubuntu (SERVER)

    I am currently running ISPConfig for my hosting service. Can anyone give me a comparison of the two? I'd be willing to try another if it is well supported & configurable.

  8. #8
    Join Date
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    Ubuntu 6.10 Edgy

    Re: HOWTO: install VHCS on ubuntu (SERVER)

    I am currently running ISPConfig for my hosting service. Can anyone give me a comparison of the two? I'd be willing to try another if it is well supported & configurable.
    Im also interested. I have read up tutorials about how to install both of these and em currently at a cross roads about which one to pick. If anyone has tried out both ISPConfig and VHCS could you please give ur oppinion about how these two compare against each other.
    hen3rz
    Registered Linux user #407548

  9. #9
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    Re: HOWTO: install VHCS on ubuntu (SERVER)

    I think the demo speek for itself, i can't compare coz i never used ISPconfig but from what i see on the demo, it's not as good as VHCS is!
    [My Blog] | [My Sites] | [My Ubuntu Guides]

    doc.gwos.org, the real successor of Ubuntu Guide

  10. #10
    Join Date
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    Re: HOWTO: install VHCS on ubuntu (SERVER)

    I'm hoping someone can help me with this. I just followed a migration howto to move my VHCS back to my production server. Everything works except for smtp. Any ideas? This is what I used

    www.billboardhosting.com/vhcs2_migrate.txt

    VHCS status shows SMTP OFF. How can I make sure this is active & open on my ubuntu installation? Thanks

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