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Thread: Kali Linux - Live boot - Kernel Panic

  1. #1
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    Unhappy Kali Linux - Live boot - Kernel Panic

    I ve been trying to create a live bootable usb key running kali linux.

    so i downloaded the 32 bit version from the site and followed the instructions, (using the dd command) and created a pendrive version.

    however, upon booting from it, this happens:-

    1556200_446179638841689_507453718_o.jpg

    im no pro, but i have a keen suspicion that this is due to the 32 bit version and that my hardware needs the 64 bit version. is that correct?

    if not, tell me what my laptop is trying to tell me when it goes into kernel panic.

    anyone got any ideas??

    also, whats a good way to make sure that ur live bootable pendrives work on all sorts of hardwares???

  2. #2
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    Re: Kali Linux - Live boot - Kernel Panic

    Nope. A 64bit CPU will run 32bit OS just fine. (Otherwise, XP would have been in a world of hurt) That looks more like a bad block on your thumb drive that just happens to be where the boot image is.

  3. #3
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    Re: Kali Linux - Live boot - Kernel Panic

    Quote Originally Posted by houstonbofh View Post
    Nope. A 64bit CPU will run 32bit OS just fine. (Otherwise, XP would have been in a world of hurt) That looks more like a bad block on your thumb drive that just happens to be where the boot image is.
    Yup, I fully concur with houstonbofh. Try recreating the Live USB. All of these have been working fine for me -

    • Native "Startup Disk Creator" program included on the iso itself (I usually boot a virtual machine to use it).
    • Unetbootin
    • Universal USB Creator (used it only once or twice, to test it)
    • YUMI


    Unetbootin is highly recommended on these forums.
    Varun
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  4. #4
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    Re: Kali Linux - Live boot - Kernel Panic

    thanks for the clarity on the 32 bit/64 bit doubt. infact that is why i used the 32 bit version, for maximum compatibility...

    however, from the docs available at the kali linux website, the dd command is recommended. in fact, the people over there specifically discourage the use of unetbootin to make a live image..

    why would the dd command method fail? i also attempted to add persistence to the live boot.. can that create complications? the pendrive used was 16gb and formatted in fat32...
    Last edited by cracker89; January 13th, 2014 at 06:14 AM.
    "Metallica doesn't suck, Motorhead just kicks way more fy! 5 bottles of whisky, 2 packs of smokes and fried bologna every day for forty years and i could have a voice like lemmy's" - -Some guys on youtube..

  5. #5
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    Re: Kali Linux - Live boot - Kernel Panic

    It is not always the 'method'. Sometimes it can be the USB flash drive itself, sometimes it can be a particular BIOS which boots only with some particular kind of flash drives or boot managers.

    For instance, I had a Kingston Pen drive long ago which couldn't boot 'Any' computer that booted fine with a transcend pen drive of the same capacity, same methods, same boot managers.

    Currently, I have two 8GB Kingston (Ubuntu/Lubuntu), and a 1GB PNY (clonezilla - created using Unetbootin) drives. Tried to boot a Compaq laptop a few days ago - failed to boot. It booted fine with USB hard disk (any kind of boot-manager - YUMI (whatever it uses), LILO, Grub2..). All those pendrives can boot other systems perfectly fine.

    So the point is - USB booting still seems to be a job of patchworks at the firmware level. There is no one standard that one can recommend confidently for all systems. Just try different available ones (different filesystems (fat/fat32... even ext2 in case of "Slitaz"), boot-loaders, creation methods etc.).

    As for this -
    i also attempted to add persistence to the live boot.. can that create complications?
    I don't think adding persistence can add any complications. It is same for all methods - a "persistent" flag in the boot-loader, which looks for a "casper-rw" (or "home-rw") partition or file. If the device is able to boot, the function (and 'complexity') of persistence will be same for all methods.
    Varun
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  6. #6
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    Re: Kali Linux - Live boot - Kernel Panic

    Quote Originally Posted by varunendra View Post
    It is not always the 'method'. Sometimes it can be the USB flash drive itself, sometimes it can be a particular BIOS which boots only with some particular kind of flash drives or boot managers.

    For instance, I had a Kingston Pen drive long ago which couldn't boot 'Any' computer that booted fine with a transcend pen drive of the same capacity, same methods, same boot managers.

    Currently, I have two 8GB Kingston (Ubuntu/Lubuntu), and a 1GB PNY (clonezilla - created using Unetbootin) drives. Tried to boot a Compaq laptop a few days ago - failed to boot. It booted fine with USB hard disk (any kind of boot-manager - YUMI (whatever it uses), LILO, Grub2..). All those pendrives can boot other systems perfectly fine.

    So the point is - USB booting still seems to be a job of patchworks at the firmware level. There is no one standard that one can recommend confidently for all systems. Just try different available ones (different filesystems (fat/fat32... even ext2 in case of "Slitaz"), boot-loaders, creation methods etc.).
    (Scratch this - i have a dell gig)

    or its the usb... a sad old Sandisk. I just installed backbox on the same pendrive and tried to boot, gives me this error:

    Code:
     
    [  12.640732] Kernel Panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill init! exitcode=0x000000100
    [  12.640732] 
    [  12.640733] drm_kms_helper: panic occurred, switching back to text console
    And that is all.. This is the same error I was getting with Kali Live.. Trying now to boot up diffrent hardware, but taking your advice, before I do so, I've ordered in for a bunch of pendrives of different makes..

    From what I understand about Kernel Panic, its an internal error which is fatal.. so.. the install definitely has a bad block or something.. im concluding that this pendrive is whack.

    Quote Originally Posted by varunendra View Post
    As for this -

    I don't think adding persistence can add any complications. It is same for all methods - a "persistent" flag in the boot-loader, which looks for a "casper-rw" (or "home-rw") partition or file. If the device is able to boot, the function (and 'complexity') of persistence will be same for all methods.
    Thats very helpful, thanks.
    Last edited by cracker89; January 14th, 2014 at 08:18 AM.
    "Metallica doesn't suck, Motorhead just kicks way more fy! 5 bottles of whisky, 2 packs of smokes and fried bologna every day for forty years and i could have a voice like lemmy's" - -Some guys on youtube..

  7. #7
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    Re: Kali Linux - Live boot - Kernel Panic

    Quote Originally Posted by varunendra View Post
    Yup, I fully concur with houstonbofh. Try recreating the Live USB. All of these have been working fine for me -

    • Native "Startup Disk Creator" program included on the iso itself (I usually boot a virtual machine to use it).
    • Unetbootin
    • Universal USB Creator (used it only once or twice, to test it)
    • YUMI


    Unetbootin is highly recommended on these forums.
    I tried Kali with unetbooting and the Startup disk creator.. both the installs stayed stuck on the part which involves the extraction of the SQUASHFS... so im concluding that this was a bad iso.

    Next, however, I tried to install backbox and used the startup disk creator - smooth install, very well done..

    but when I try to boot from the key, the error described above appears. no go...

    getting a new pendrive in the mail soon.. hopefully it should work out,.. thank you!
    "Metallica doesn't suck, Motorhead just kicks way more fy! 5 bottles of whisky, 2 packs of smokes and fried bologna every day for forty years and i could have a voice like lemmy's" - -Some guys on youtube..

  8. #8
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    Re: Kali Linux - Live boot - Kernel Panic

    ok.. i got a new kingston pendrive... and i installed backbox 32 bit.. same results as above. tried 3 diff methods of installing.. still goes into Kernel Panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill init! exitcode=0x000000100

    on one boot, when i booted up from the key, i selected the option check disk, it ran its check and reported that 4 files have errors.. where do i go from here
    ?
    "Metallica doesn't suck, Motorhead just kicks way more fy! 5 bottles of whisky, 2 packs of smokes and fried bologna every day for forty years and i could have a voice like lemmy's" - -Some guys on youtube..

  9. #9
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    Re: Kali Linux - Live boot - Kernel Panic

    Quote Originally Posted by cracker89 View Post
    ok.. i got a new kingston pendrive... and i installed backbox 32 bit.. same results as above. tried 3 diff methods of installing.. still goes into Kernel Panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill init! exitcode=0x000000100

    on one boot, when i booted up from the key, i selected the option check disk, it ran its check and reported that 4 files have errors.. where do i go from here
    ?
    Have you run memtest yet? Sounds like a problematic hardware to me now, most probably the RAM or an I/O controller corrupting everything that goes through it.

    If you have a different system with decent hardware available, try using a virtual machine on it to boot the ISO to make sure the iso itself works (aside from checking its MD5Sum to make sure it is intact). You may use the same VM to create the pen drive live bootable again with Startup Disk Creator.

    PS:
    My favourite has been Transcend - Jetflash model (Transcend Jetflash 4 GB). Fastest and most compatible so far..
    An old post of mine, with immature opinion, incomplete info : http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.p...7#post11262197 (at that time, I didn't use to consider the fact that 'Model' per brand also matters, for example, 'jet flash' models seem to be good, 'data traveler' models - crappy to say the least).
    I wish the forums had an option to search through the archives. I was searching for another detailed post regarding my experience with different pen drives, but can't find it now. Google could find only the above one.
    Varun
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  10. #10
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    Re: Kali Linux - Live boot - Kernel Panic

    Quote Originally Posted by varunendra View Post
    Have you run memtest yet? Sounds like a problematic hardware to me now, most probably the RAM or an I/O controller corrupting everything that goes through it.

    If you have a different system with decent hardware available, try using a virtual machine on it to boot the ISO to make sure the iso itself works (aside from checking its MD5Sum to make sure it is intact). You may use the same VM to create the pen drive live bootable again with Startup Disk Creator.

    PS:
    My favourite has been Transcend - Jetflash model (Transcend Jetflash 4 GB). Fastest and most compatible so far..
    An old post of mine, with immature opinion, incomplete info : http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.p...7#post11262197 (at that time, I didn't use to consider the fact that 'Model' per brand also matters, for example, 'jet flash' models seem to be good, 'data traveler' models - crappy to say the least).
    I wish the forums had an option to search through the archives. I was searching for another detailed post regarding my experience with different pen drives, but can't find it now. Google could find only the above one.
    Ill run a memtest tonight... ive already checked the sums and everything is in order. will do the VM later, no time now, work and everything...

    im continuing to test different brands and models of pendrives, will update my progress...

    however, i found this researching on the internet... it seems relevant, but i cant make much sense of it, a) becuase its originally in italian; and b) because im not very tech savvy. http://forum.ubuntu-it.org/viewtopic.php?t=60613
    but im sure someone with a lil more knowledge can help me out..


    EDIT: also this - https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=156882
    Last edited by cracker89; January 14th, 2014 at 04:06 PM. Reason: found a new link
    "Metallica doesn't suck, Motorhead just kicks way more fy! 5 bottles of whisky, 2 packs of smokes and fried bologna every day for forty years and i could have a voice like lemmy's" - -Some guys on youtube..

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