Hello all, I am 2 days new to this community and could use a lot of help figuring out how to install Ubuntu to my flash drive. I'll do my best to explain everything, and please be simple with terms since I am new. I'd rather know why something works/ doesn't work instead of just being told how to do it.
From the Beginning:
Okay, so my laptop's hard drive recently died =( so I decided that in the meantime until i can pick up another one, I'd just install ubuntu on to a flash drive. So I went on my desktop, downloaded bootice to partition my flash drive. I made two partitions because that's what it said I needed, so the first one was 2gb big for my 13.10iso file that I downloaded, and was fat32 I believe. The second one had the remaining 30gb and I ended up making it ext4.
After putting the iso on to my flash drive, I stuck it into my laptop, and began the process. Grub booted up, and I clicked install. The installation process began and everything was going fine. As I said, I had the one partition that was 30gb and ext4, and so this is where I installed the program. It took rather longer to finish installing, so I took a quick nap, and when I woke up, it said installation complete, restart. So i clicked restart, and then the screen went black and nothing happened. I decided to reboot the laptop, and when I did it jumped right into the grub. From here, it still had the 4 default options as before, run without install, install, defective, and the third one that is slipping my mind. Either way though, I was not sure if this was right because I thought it would have booted straight to the installed OS or at least given me an option on the grub.
From this point, I restarted and went to my bios and and chose which item to boot from. There were three listed. Two were the USB, i'm assuming because I had two partitions? I'm not sure. And then the last was what I believe to be individual files on the USB? But anyway, the first one would bring me back to the grub where I was confused, the second would open the files and no matter which file I chose, it would either: not work, give me a black screen,or connect me to the grub. The third option would seem like it tried to boot an OS but a message on a whole black screen would pop up saying "no OS found, please install boot disk to continue. Press any button to continue." and whatever button I pressed would just present the same message, so I'd have to shut off my computer.
If anyone could help point me to where I went wrong and how to fix it, that would be great. I've tried some other tutorials with unmounting and mounting and stuff like that, but didn't really understand what I was doing. I've tried reinstalling grub I believe, but when I typed the command in the terminal, it would say command not found.
Currently, I am on the "use without install" option, which runs just fine, except that every time I come on it's just default and doesn't save any of my changes, wireless, passwords, files, etc.
Any amount of help would be appreciated. Thanks in advance.