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Thread: How to use rsync and get exactly the same result as copy and paste

  1. #1
    Join Date
    May 2011
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    How to use rsync and get exactly the same result as copy and paste

    Hey, guys.

    I've been searching for information on how to use rsync correctly, but there are a few different ways when it comes to its parameters.

    I want to use rsync and have the same result as I would if I simply used Ctrl+C and Ctrl+V on Nautilus. I've read its help contents and tried the following command:

    Code:
    rsync -rv /path/source/ /path/target/
    So, "r" for recursive (subfolders and files as well) and "v" for verbose (I want to see what's going on). Cool. But I have seen a lot of people suggesting the use of "a" for archive as well. Is that really necessary?

    Anyway, as I said, I want exactly the same as copy/paste, so maybe my command lacks parameters, I don't know. What do you say?

    Thanks in advance.

    brunces

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Jun 2009
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    Chicago Suburbs
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    Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr

    Re: How to use rsync and get exactly the same result as copy and paste

    I think you need archive to preserve ownership & permissions.

    I started using rsync with this simple script which also documented the parameters used.

    Originally Posted by MountainX View Post #20 also other backup apps
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.p...ghlight=backup
    Sample rsync file, use a text editor and paste into a file & name it mybackup.sh


    Code:
     #!/bin/bash
    # backup script
    # a - archive, retain file settings equals -rlptgoD (no -H,-A,-X)
    # r - recursive / subdirectories
    # u - update, only newer
    # v - verbose
    # P - keep partial files and report progress
    echo "starting..."
    rsync -aruvP /mnt/data_DT/Documents /usr/local/fred/data/
    
       #rsync -auvP /home /media/backup
    echo "done"
    exit 0
    
       make it executable
    chmod +x mybackup.sh
    For info on UEFI boot install & repair:
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2147295
    Please use Thread Tools above first post to close thread when/if answered completely.







  3. #3
    Dennis N's Avatar
    Dennis N is offline Iced Blended Vanilla Crème Ubuntu
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    Re: How to use rsync and get exactly the same result as copy and paste

    rsync -rI <sources...> <destination>

    will give the same result as copying and pasting. Every file in destination gets replaced. Use a instead of a/ for directories as sources. This is not a setup for backup.
    If you want to see what was copied, add the i option.

    rsync -rIi <sources...> <destination>

    If your objective is copying and pasting, why not just use cp -r <source files..., source directories...> <destination>
    Last edited by Dennis N; June 15th, 2013 at 11:18 PM.

  4. #4
    Join Date
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    Courtenay, BC, Canada
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    Re: How to use rsync and get exactly the same result as copy and paste

    Code:
    rsync -PL /in/file /out/file
    will copy like the cp command, except that it will follow symlinks (and shows progress)
    Code:
    rsync -PLa /in/file /out/file
    will do the same, but it will keep the file the same (and work recursively, etc)
    Quote Originally Posted by http://linux.die.net/man/1/rsync
    -P same as --partial --progress
    --partial keep partially transferred files
    --progress show progress during transfer
    ------
    -L, --copy-links transform symlink into referent file/dir
    ------
    -a, --archive archive mode; equals -rlptgoD (no -H,-A,-X)
    -r, --recursive recurse into directories
    -l, --links copy symlinks as symlinks
    -p, --perms preserve permissions
    -t, --times preserve modification times
    -g, --group preserve group
    -o, --owner preserve owner (super-user only)
    -D same as --devices --specials
    --devices preserve device files (super-user only)
    --specials preserve special files

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