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Thread: How to setup my own partitions for Ubuntu multi boot installation?

  1. #1
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    How to setup my own partitions for Ubuntu multi boot installation?

    I am having a hard time figuring out how to partion my multi-boot machine.

    I currently have a dual boot win7+ubuntu12.04 on my machine.
    I wanted to increase my swap size to 16GB (which is the RAM I have)
    and also create some new partitions to install the 13.04 series:

    Ubuntu 13.04 Desktop
    LUbuntu 13.04 Desktop
    XUbuntu 13.04 Desktop

    I lowered the size of my windows partition and also my Ubuntu 12.04 partition.

    What I want basically is to have:

    16GB swap
    and 10GB Ubuntu partitions.

    When I resized the old partitions I got multiple free space entries that essentially I want to add to swap (dev/sda5 swap).
    and create two new 1024 MB partitions for my Ubuntu installations.

    Specifically I currently have the following in my partition screen:

    HTML Code:
    <pre>
    Device        Type    MountPoint    Format?    Size    Used    System
    dev/sda
    dev/sda1    ntfs                471453    62444    Windows 7 (loader)
    free space                        8912            
    dev/sda6    ext4                1024    7694    Ubuntu 12.04.02 LTS (12.04)
    free space                        8627        
    dev/sda5    swap                897    0
    
    
    </pre>





    1. I tried increasing the old swap (sda5) but the + is grayed out and if I type in 16384 it doesnt change.
    2. I tried creating a new etx4 partition but when I clicked "install now" , I got error saying 'No root drive selected'

    Can someone advise on what I need to do step by step please..I can not seem to figure what I need do

    Questions
    1. How to have just one sda5/swap of 16GB that will be used by all the Ubuntu partitions?
    2. How to select the root or partition to install my new ubuntu installations into to get past the no root message?

    THANKS IN ADVANCE!
    Last edited by agrayray; April 30th, 2013 at 06:34 PM.

  2. #2
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    Re: How to setup my own partitions for Ubuntu multi boot installation?

    The only reason to have swap equal to RAM is if you hibernate. But if multi-booting hibernating is not recommended and you then cannot use the same swap as each system using swap, writes data into it.
    But with that much RAM you will probably never use swap. I only have 4GB and am not sure I have ever used swap. My system with only 1.5GB only occasionally uses swap (turns gray for a second as swap is really slow compared to RAM). Just to have some swap 2GB is plenty with your RAM.

    You have several choices.
    You can install each in separate partitions which will let you more easily delete.
    Or you can just install each desktop into one. And choose as you log in.
    Or you can use virtual installs, so you are running each at the same time. With the RAM you have virtual may be a good choice. I have always dual booted, but many with extra RAM use virtual installs.

    If multi-booting you may want separate data partition(s). I have two, one NTFS for sharing data with Windows and one Linux formatted for all new data as now I am not booting XP anymore. Then all the data can easily be accessed from every install.

    Are you using gparted from live flash drive installer or gparted liveCD?
    For info on UEFI boot install & repair:
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2147295
    Please use Thread Tools above first post to close thread when/if answered completely.







  3. #3
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    Re: How to setup my own partitions for Ubuntu multi boot installation?

    Thanks for the reply..actually I do have a reason for that much swap... vmware Workstation (virtualization)

    When I start my virtual machines in workstation I get warnings that say i should as much swap as the memory for that machine..and its aggregated..for example if I have one VM open that using 1GB and start another is using 512MB...I get a warning that vmware recommends increasing the swap to at least 1.5GB...and..I noticed a huge drop in performance running them now..(infact my whole machine was practically frozen)...

    I never hibernate my machine...and this actually is just from the installation of Ubuntu 13.04 (not using gparted etc...)...I choose the "something else" option from the installation which takes you to a screen where you can edit your partitions.

    I actually just got past the "No root drive selected error" from this link:
    http://askubuntu.com/questions/13570...g-installation
    which simply was to put a forward slash in the mount settings for one of the partitions.

    But I still can not figure out how to combine those free space sections and extended my swap partition...?

    How does each ubuntu installation know what swap is available to it? Can I just change those free space sections to swap to have the total I need or do I do need to change the size of the swap sda5?
    Last edited by agrayray; April 30th, 2013 at 07:00 PM. Reason: typos

  4. #4
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    Re: How to setup my own partitions for Ubuntu multi boot installation?

    I somehow ended up with a couple of swaps and normally put one on each drive. A new auto install finds all of them and adds them to fstab. Not sure how that works. Still may be better to have one larger one.

    Post screen shot of gparted. Use advanced editor and then you have a paperclip icon to attach screen shots.
    And/or post this as it shows details, but picture is easily to see overall:

    sudo parted /dev/sda unit s print
    For info on UEFI boot install & repair:
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2147295
    Please use Thread Tools above first post to close thread when/if answered completely.







  5. #5
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    Re: How to setup my own partitions for Ubuntu multi boot installation?

    Thanks again for the reply..per you request (and thanks for mentioning fstab..i remember a little about reading that a few years ago )..here's a full dump of everything that I think could be useful..the parted command is the last one...

    rei@rei-ThinkPad-W530:~$ cat /etc/fstab
    #/etc/fstab: static file system information.
    #
    # Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
    # device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
    # that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
    #
    # <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
    # / was on /dev/sda7 during installation
    UUID=9a907335-f47a-4c84-9943-cbac2f4d9922 / ext4 errors=remount-ro 0 1
    # swap was on /dev/sda5 during installation
    UUID=e08f0de2-beed-4d07-8090-2576bd15bbe4 none swap sw 0 0
    # swap was on /dev/sda8 during installation
    UUID=b807d534-6e09-4c03-a108-ce18c12d35a0 none swap sw 0 0



    rei@rei-ThinkPad-W530:~$ sudo fdisk -l


    Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60801 cylinders, total 976773168 sectors
    Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    Disk identifier: 0x51a9e747

    Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
    /dev/sda1 * 2048 920808688 460403320+ 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
    /dev/sda2 920809470 976773165 27981848 5 Extended
    /dev/sda5 975075328 976773165 848919 82 Linux swap / Solaris
    /dev/sda6 938215424 958215423 10000000 83 Linux
    /dev/sda7 920809472 938213768 8702148+ 83 Linux
    /dev/sda8 958216192 975065087 8424448 82 Linux swap / Solaris

    Partition table entries are not in disk order

    Disk /dev/sdb: 2000.4 GB, 2000365289472 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 243197 cylinders, total 3906963456 sectors
    Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    Disk identifier: 0x0005f107

    Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
    /dev/sdb1 2048 3906963455 1953480704 7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT



    rei@rei-ThinkPad-W530:~$ sudo parted /dev/sda unit s print

    Model: ATA TOSHIBA MK5061GS (scsi)
    Disk /dev/sda: 976773168s
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
    Partition Table: msdos

    Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
    1 2048s 920808688s 920806641s primary ntfs boot
    2 920809470s 976773165s 55963696s extended
    7 920809472s 938213768s 17404297s logical ext4
    6 938215424s 958215423s 20000000s logical ext4
    8 958216192s 975065087s 16848896s logical linux-swap(v1)
    5 975075328s 976773165s 1697838s logical linux-swap(v1)

    as you can see..I went ahead and created the new 13.04 installation and changing the free space to swap..and as you said...Ubuntu already picked it up...that said...because I am still planning on installing other instances and partitions..I guess I need to add somethings to other /etc/fstab ([perhaps more config) to get my previous installation to recognize the new swap or what? (Will test this out shortly)...also if it is better to use one large section for the swap (and assuming I can change it later using gparted)...how to get the machines to recognize the new partition setup?
    Last edited by agrayray; May 1st, 2013 at 12:14 AM.

  6. #6
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    Re: How to setup my own partitions for Ubuntu multi boot installation?

    If you change partitions around you have to find the new UUID and create entires in fstab or change the UUID if an old one was obsoleted.

    If you have data partitions and want to mount with good permissions. Examples to copy & paste into fstab and edit for your UUID and mount point.
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1983336
    Mount & edit fstab from Morbius1 - suggest using templates instead. Post #6


    Understanding fstab
    http://www.psychocats.net/ubuntu/mountlinux
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Mount/
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/FilePermissions
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Fstab
    https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Fstab
    For info on UEFI boot install & repair:
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2147295
    Please use Thread Tools above first post to close thread when/if answered completely.







  7. #7
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    Re: How to setup my own partitions for Ubuntu multi boot installation?

    yes I noticed this after I added antother partition, for ex the windows drive disappeared from the ohter installations...anyway..I found my answer..the simple of it is..to use gparted..and more precisely to setup for anyone in the future..the way to do this is:

    1. always click the try the installation first, this will give you a chance to connect to internet and install gparted if its not there
    2. run gparted and decrease the size of the existing partitions, this will give you a free space entry
    3. double click on the free space section and add the partition (for other new ubuntu installations choose ext as the file system (ext4 preffrd) and enter a '/' in the mount entry, for swap, simply select swap
    4. repeat step 3 of just clicking on the free space until you have the partitions you want
    5. select the partition you want to install ubuntu into and choose install

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