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Thread: Problem during DNS server setup on local network.

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Beans
    4

    Problem during DNS server setup on local network.

    Hi Folks,

    I have a small local network , with few desktops and one server . The server machine has UBUNTU 12.04 server 64 bit installed on it. Some of the desktops are windows , one is Mac and others are ubuntu . What I am trying to accomplish is to create a local DNS server for my network and DNS server would be present on the server machine. My internet connection is DSL Broadband connection , though it generates IP's with DHCP , I have given static IP to all the machines present in my network.

    I followed this link http://lani78.wordpress.com/2012/07/...ngolin-server/ for setting up the DNS server. I am attaching the concerned files which I modified or created ( I have added extra .txt at the end of them for attachment issues ). After following up all the instructions to best of my knowledge , at the end when I type following command

    >> host -l trintranet.com

    I get the following output

    ; Transfer failed.
    Host trintranet.com.trintranet.com not found: 9(NOTAUTH)
    ; Transfer failed.


    where trintranet.com is the local domain-name I have chosen.

    So what am I doing wrong here?....

    Please let me know if you need anymore information.

    regards
    Avanindra Singh
    Attached Files Attached Files

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Nov 2009
    Location
    Segur De Calafell, Spain
    Beans
    11,660
    Distro
    Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin

    Re: Problem during DNS server setup on local network.

    As you can see by that output, the host command seems to be for looking up hosts, not the domain name. The way you used it, it's looking for trintranet.com.trintranet.com. Does a host like that exist? I assume not.

    Also, if you only want a cached DNS it's much better and easier to use dnsmasq inetad of bind. Do you need a DNS that will be only cached, or full DNS?
    Darko.
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------
    Ubuntu 12.04 LTS 64bit & Windows 7 Ultimate 64bit

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Beans
    4

    Re: Problem during DNS server setup on local network.

    Hi darkod,

    Thanks for the reply. I am trying to create cached DNS. I want to host a local web server , such that I could access it with simple addresses like example.intranet.com from any of the computer on the local network.

    As you can see by that output, the host command seems to be for looking up hosts, not the domain name. The way you used it, it's looking for trintranet.com.trintranet.com. Does a host like that exist? I assume not.
    Actually that's what I am trying to figure out , why is it adding extra trintranet.com . If it's not too much trouble , can you point me which file to look into for fixing it . I am new to networking , please bear with me if I am asking bit trivial question.

    Regards

    Avanindra Singh

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Nov 2009
    Location
    Segur De Calafell, Spain
    Beans
    11,660
    Distro
    Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin

    Re: Problem during DNS server setup on local network.

    For such a simple task, definitely use dnsmasq.

    First remove purge bind so that it doesn't interfere. It should be something like:
    Code:
    sudo apt-get remove --purge bind9
    After that install dnsmasq (not sure if it's already installed in server 12.04):
    Code:
    sudo apt-get install dnsmasq
    Add the host you want to use to open the webpage in /etc/hosts pointing to the private IP of the server, it should be something like:
    192.168.x.x example.intranet.com

    Save and close the file.

    That should be it I guess.

    You should be able to test from the client machines using dig or nslookup:
    dig example.intranet.com
    nslookup example.intranet.com

    PS. It is usually good practice to let dnsmasq only listen to the internal interface, and not the external interface leading to the internet. For that open the config file /etc/dnsmasq.conf and find the line #interface and change it into your internal interface, for example:
    interface=eth1

    Restart dnsmasq after that:
    sudo service dnsmasq restart

    If that doesn't work try:
    sudo /etc/init.d/dnsmasq restart
    Last edited by darkod; April 1st, 2013 at 01:23 PM.
    Darko.
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------
    Ubuntu 12.04 LTS 64bit & Windows 7 Ultimate 64bit

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Beans
    4

    Re: Problem during DNS server setup on local network.

    Thank you very much darkod. I would try to setup my dns server with dnsmasq. After a cursory read , it seems to serve my exact purpose.

    regards

    Avanindra Singh

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Nov 2008
    Location
    Metro Boston
    Beans
    8,617
    Distro
    Kubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr

    Re: Problem during DNS server setup on local network.

    Errors like "domain.name.domain.name" usually happen because you forgot a ending period on the domain in the zone file. Remember that any fully-qualified name has to end with a dot, which is actually a reference to the root nameservers. Example.com is a subdomain of .com, and that is a subdomain of the root, represented by just a dot.

    Pay special attention to the statement of authority (SOA) record at the top of the zone file. Does it look like this:
    Code:
    @     IN     SOA     example.com.     support.example.com. (
    or like this
    Code:
    @     IN     SOA     example.com     support.example.com (
    The first. with trailing dots, is correct; the second is not.

    Omitting the trailing dot is probably the most common error when writing zone files.
    If you ask for help, please have the courtesy to check for responses and thank the people who helped you.

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  7. #7
    Join Date
    Jan 2011
    Beans
    131

    Re: Problem during DNS server setup on local network.

    After looking at your files, I noticed in your named.conf.local this:

    zone "trintranet.com" IN {
    type master;
    file "/etc/bind/zones/trintranet.com.db";
    };

    I do not think the IN is supposed to be there.

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