Not sure if bumping is allowed on here, if it isn't I'll delete this post.
I was able to view the Xorg.0.log file - for some reason I thought it was gone after booting back into single user mode but it was there the whole time. Anyway, there are two lines that say
(This is after booting into text mode, not single user mode - though I believe the error is the same in both cases.)
(EE) intel(0): [drm] Failed to detect GEM. Kernel 2.6.28 required.
(EE) intel(0): Failed to become drm master.
Prior to that it tries to load fbdevhw. I can try to post the whole log if it's necessary, it's just difficult because I can't get X running and therefore can't just copy and paste to this forum.