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Thread: New hard drive won't boot after first restart

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Oct 2007
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    66

    New hard drive won't boot after first restart

    Clean install from 12.04.01 live CD on OCZ Vertex Plus SSD hangs on ubuntu page on shutdown, then boots to grub error. Before the first shutdown, I got the following. How can I make this new hard drive run Ubuntu?

    $ sudo parted /dev/sda unit s print
    [sudo] password for qian:
    Model: ATA OCZ VERTEX PLUS (scsi)
    Disk /dev/sda: 468862128s
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
    Partition Table: msdos

    Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
    1 2048s 462589951s 462587904s primary boot
    2 462591998s 468860927s 6268930s extended
    5 462592000s 468860927s 6268928s logical linux-swap(v1)

    $ sudo fdisk -l

    Disk /dev/sda: 240.1 GB, 240057409536 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 29185 cylinders, total 468862128 sectors
    Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    Disk identifier: 0x00000000

    Disk /dev/sda doesn't contain a valid partition table

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Jun 2009
    Location
    Chicago Suburbs
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    Hidden!
    Distro
    Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr

    Re: New hard drive won't boot after first restart

    Parted list looks ok, so why is fdisk saying table is invalid?

    Was drive every in RAID before, or partitioned with gpt partitioning before? Usually if either case it will not even install.

    Run this as sometimes it just gives better error messages.

    Post the link to the BootInfo report that this creates.

    Boot Repair -Also handles LVM, GPT, separate /boot and UEFI dual boot.:
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Boot-Repair
    You can repair many boot issues with this or 'Create BootInfo' report (Other Options) & post the link it creates, so we can see your exact configuration and diagnose advanced problems.
    Full RepairCD with Boot-Repair (for newer computers)
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UbuntuSecureRemix

    Sometimes BIOS settings can be import also. Is BIOS in AHCI?
    BIOS settings (SSD but also most systems)
    http://www.ocztechnologyforum.com/fo...l=1#post567561
    Last edited by oldfred; November 3rd, 2012 at 05:27 AM.
    For info on UEFI boot install & repair:
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2147295
    Please use Thread Tools above first post to close thread when/if answered completely.







  3. #3
    Join Date
    Oct 2007
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    Re: New hard drive won't boot after first restart

    Thanks for responding.

    Here are Grub Rescue and boot-repair outputs from previous trials. The only difference was I had used gparted to manually partition the new SSD, then used fsarchiver or partimage to restore my original separate /home and / drives. I'll run them again since the clean install might be different. The black grub rescue page behaves the same, though.

    http://paste.ubuntu.com/1314100
    http://paste2.org/p/2398880

  4. #4
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    66

    Re: New hard drive won't boot after first restart

    To answer your question about RAID, the device is new from the factory but I did partition it manually before. It wouldn't boot except the first time after install from a live partimage CD with option: boot existing Linux system.

    It turns out after that first restart, boot-rescue can't see the OS on the disk. I had to run rescue immediately after restoring or installing to get the above paste.

    SATA has been set to AHCI (there are no other options). I tried to update the firmware from OCZ but dos can't see the hard drive in AHCI mode.

    When boot goes to the grub rescue prompt, it hangs for a moment on DHCP, then reads PXE-E53: No boot filename received.

    Thanks again for your help.

  5. #5
    Join Date
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    Chicago Suburbs
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    Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr

    Re: New hard drive won't boot after first restart

    I do not know if empty extended partition or something else in partition table is the issue. Second report also had this:

    File descriptor 7 (pipe:[13070]) leaked on lvscan invocation. Parent PID 13795: bash
    I generally prefer clean install to a new drive and copy /home data into /home. I might copy the /home before the install so the new install updates settings unless you have a lot of custom setting you do not want overwritten. Then copy it after install.

    With SSD the Arch site suggests gpt partitioning. I use gpt and it does not really seem different once created, but does required an additional bios_grub partition. You cannot use image copies to copy data into a gpt partition as it has internal data also. But cp or rsync are fine for coping data.

    Do SSD need customization?
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1981478
    https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Solid_State_Drives
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2003022
    For info on UEFI boot install & repair:
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2147295
    Please use Thread Tools above first post to close thread when/if answered completely.







  6. #6
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    Oct 2007
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    Re: New hard drive won't boot after first restart

    I realized the clean install vs restored manual partition seemed to make no difference in my boot problem. I'm considering flashing my BIOS so I can update the SSD firmware. Do you think it's worth a try? Currently my BIOS doesn't offer IDE mode, which the firmware update needs to read the SSD.

    Here's biosdecode:

    $ sudo biosdecode
    # biosdecode 2.11
    VPD present.
    BIOS Build ID: 7OET24WW
    Box Serial Number: L3A7295
    Motherboard Serial Number: VF11A775196
    Machine Type/Model: 89329WU
    SMBIOS 2.4 present.
    Structure Table Length: 2386 bytes
    Structure Table Address: 0x000E0010
    Number Of Structures: 71
    Maximum Structure Size: 120 bytes
    BIOS32 Service Directory present.
    Revision: 0
    Calling Interface Address: 0x000FDCA0
    ACPI 2.0 present.
    OEM Identifier: LENOVO
    RSD Table 32-bit Address: 0xBF6BCA94
    XSD Table 64-bit Address: 0x00000000BF6BCAEC
    PNP BIOS 1.0 present.
    Event Notification: Not Supported
    Real Mode 16-bit Code Address: E2E4:CCCF
    Real Mode 16-bit Data Address: 0040:0000
    16-bit Protected Mode Code Address: 0x000FB75E
    16-bit Protected Mode Data Address: 0x00000400

  7. #7
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    Re: New hard drive won't boot after first restart

    I successfully updated the BIOS from .iso on Lenovo's website. It didn't see anything to boot from so I clean installed Ubuntu, which booted fine the first time, then hung on the shutdown page. I Ctrl+Alt+F1 but no keystrokes would work on the login. Ctrl+Alt+Del gave "unable to connect to system bus: Failed to connect to socket /var/run/dbus/system_bus socket: No such file or directory

    New: on restart

    error: unknown filesystem
    grub rescue > ls
    (hd0) (hd0,msdos5) (hd0,msdos1)

    whereas before BIOS update it only gave
    (hd0) (hd0,msdos1)(hd1)

    Where hd1 was probably my external hard drive, now disconnected.

    There's still no IDE compatibility option to try the SSD firmware update.

    Please help -- it seems if I could complete shutdown instead of forcing, the disk might not be written in an unreadable state.
    Last edited by qianian; November 4th, 2012 at 06:57 PM. Reason: add grub rescue prompt

  8. #8
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    Nov 2009
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    Distro
    Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin

    Re: New hard drive won't boot after first restart

    I haven't worked with OCZ SSDs, are you sure it needs IDE mode for firmware update? That sounds silly, SSDs are designed to make full benefit of AHCI in the first place. If they designed it for firmware update only in IDE mode that would be very stupid design. Not to mention that your board should have option for IDE mode, but that also depends on the boards and the manufacturer of the PC (if it's branded, they cut out almost everything from the bios).

    In any case it looks like hardware issue, doesn't look related to ubuntu at all. It almost sounds like the SSD is not working as it should.

    What happens if you boot with the cd in live mode and run both:
    sudo parted -l
    sudo fdisk -l
    Darko.
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------
    Ubuntu 12.04 LTS 64bit & Windows 7 Ultimate 64bit

  9. #9
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    Re: New hard drive won't boot after first restart

    It may be silly but IDE is required according to the manufacturer's documentation and the resulting dos interface does not see any connected drive when I use AHCI: http://www.ocztechnology.com/ssd_tools/OCZ_Vertex_Plus/

    When I run the SSD from a clean install:

    $sudo parted -l
    Model: ATA OCZ VERTEX PLUS (scsi)
    Disk /dev/sda: 240GB
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
    Partition Table: msdos

    Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
    1 1049kB 237GB 237GB primary boot
    2 237GB 240GB 3210MB extended
    5 237GB 240GB 3210MB logical linux-swap(v1)


    Model: WD My Passport 070A (scsi)
    Disk /dev/sdb: 499GB
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
    Partition Table: msdos

    Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
    1 1049kB 499GB 499GB primary ext3 boot


    Warning: Unable to open /dev/sr1 read-write (Read-only file system). /dev/sr1
    has been opened read-only.
    Error: The partition's data region doesn't occupy the entire partition.
    Ignore/Cancel? i
    Error: Can't have a partition outside the disk!

    $ sudo fdisk -l

    Disk /dev/sda: 240.1 GB, 240057409536 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 29185 cylinders, total 468862128 sectors
    Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    Disk identifier: 0x0006c9cd

    Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
    /dev/sda1 * 2048 462589951 231293952 83 Linux
    /dev/sda2 462591998 468860927 3134465 5 Extended
    /dev/sda5 462592000 468860927 3134464 82 Linux swap / Solaris

    Disk /dev/sdb: 499.4 GB, 499405291520 bytes
    255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60715 cylinders, total 975400960 sectors
    Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
    Disk identifier: 0x000b0789

    Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
    /dev/sdb1 * 2048 975400959 487699456 83 Linux


    Please let me know if I should reboot to get you the live disk results.

  10. #10
    Join Date
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    Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin

    Re: New hard drive won't boot after first restart

    Code:
    $sudo parted -l
    Model: ATA OCZ VERTEX PLUS (scsi)
    Disk /dev/sda: 240GB
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
    Partition Table: msdos
    
    Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
    1 1049kB 237GB 237GB primary boot
    2 237GB 240GB 3210MB extended
    5 237GB 240GB 3210MB logical linux-swap(v1)
    
    
    Model: WD My Passport 070A (scsi)
    Disk /dev/sdb: 499GB
    Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B
    Partition Table: msdos
    
    Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
    1 1049kB 499GB 499GB primary ext3 boot
    Somehow it doesn't recognize the filesystem of sda1. Notice how it can see your external hdd, sdb1 is ext3, that sda5 is swap, but there is no filesystem recognized for sda1. Just that the partition is primary and it has the boot flag set.

    From live mode (because it needs to be unmounted), try running fsck:
    sudo fsck /dev/sda1

    See if that finds and repairs something.

    PS. And that's exactly what the grub rescue message says:
    error: unknown filesystem
    Darko.
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------
    Ubuntu 12.04 LTS 64bit & Windows 7 Ultimate 64bit

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