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Thread: Using Vboxtool to autostart a virtual machine does not auto start

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Apr 2007
    Beans
    12

    Using Vboxtool to autostart a virtual machine does not auto start

    Hi. I have been trying to autostart a virtual machine upon boot using vboxtool (http://vboxtool.sourceforge.net). I have followed the instructions provided and the vm runs if i execute "vboxtool autostart". It does also save the machine state when I power off the host machine.

    My problem is that it is not starting the virtual machine upon boot.

    I am running a headless ubuntu server installation, 12.04, 32bit.

    I have tried searching for a solution for a while now and also tried to execute the command with /etc/rc.local with no success. Are there anyone who can help me?

    Thank you very much.
    Best regards
    Rune

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Oct 2009
    Beans
    Hidden!
    Distro
    Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin

    Re: Using Vboxtool to autostart a virtual machine does not auto start

    Check when the script is set to run on boot. I had to change the bootscript I use to run last, so vboxdrv was loaded.
    Come to #ubuntuforums! We have cookies! | Basic Ubuntu Security Guide

    Tomorrow's an illusion and yesterday's a dream, today is a solution...

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Apr 2007
    Beans
    12

    Re: Using Vboxtool to autostart a virtual machine does not auto start

    I have been trying to investigate it further, but I understand that I do not know the linux system well enough to find out when it is executed. If I placed the command in rc.local, should it not be run somewhere in the end of the boot process?

    I see that it is trying to execute a su command, could it be that it has something to do with permission? I have made it runable. Maybe the user needs to be logged in first? How could this be avoided or solved the easiest way if this is the case?


    If I am completely wrong, please correct me. I am asking so that I can learn some more



    The script placed in init.d folder is

    Code:
    #!/bin/bash
    #
    #  vboxtoolinit: Frontend for vboxtool for auto start sessions when booting and save 
    #                sessions when host is stopped
    #
    #  This is a wrapper for vboxtool. It is to be placed in /etc/init.d to provide auto
    #  start at boot time and stop when the host is halted. Because it's a wrapper, the 
    #  original functions of vboxtool can be executed as usual, without cd'ing to 
    #  /etc/init.d.
    #
    #  Usage: Should be placed in /etc/init.d
    #
    #  Copyright (C) 2008 Mark Baaijens <mark.baaijens@gmail.com>
    #
    #  This file is part of VBoxTool.
    #
    #  VBoxTool is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
    #  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
    #  the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
    #  (at your option) any later version.
    #
    #  VBoxTool is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    #  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    #  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
    #  GNU General Public License for more details.
    #
    #  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
    #  along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
    #
    
    ### BEGIN INIT INFO
    # Provides:          vboxtool
    # Required-Start:    $syslog $local_fs
    # Required-Stop:     $syslog $local_fs
    # Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
    # Default-Stop:      0 1 6
    # Description:       Controls VirtualBox sessions
    ### END INIT INFO
    
    # Command mapping between vboxtoolinit and vbox. Because the init-system requires specific 
    # commands like 'start' and 'stop' and we don't want to execute these commands literally, 
    # vboxtoolinit maps these to the desired command in vboxtool.
    
    start()
    {
      # 'vboxtoolinit start' maps to 'vboxtool autostart'; when the host boots, all sessions in 
      # the config file /etc/vboxtool/machines.conf are started
      nohup $su_command "vboxtool autostart" > /dev/null
    }
    
    stop()
    {
      # 'vboxtoolinit stop' maps to 'vboxtool save'; when the host halts, all running sessions 
      # are saved, instead of stopped.
      nohup $su_command "vboxtool save" > /dev/null
    }
    
    restart()
    {
      stop
      start
    }
    
    # Some constants
    config_file='/etc/vboxtool/vboxtool.conf'
    
    # Retrieve settings from config file, just by executing the config file.
    # Config file $config_file should look like this:
    # vbox_user='<user name>'
    if [ -f $config_file ]
    then
      . $config_file
    else
      echo "Error: $config_file does not exist. Exiting."
      exit 1
    fi
    
    if [ ! -n "$vbox_user" ]
    then
      echo "Error: vbox_user not defined in $config_file. Exiting."
      exit 1  
    fi
    
    # Implementation of user control, execute several commands as another (predefined) user, 
    # thus freeing the main script vboxtool from any user related issues.
    su_command="su - $vbox_user -c"
    
    #
    # Check for a commandline option
    #
    case "$1" in
    start)
      start
      ;;
    stop)
      stop
      ;;
    restart)
      restart
      ;;  
    *)
      ;;  
    esac
    
    exit 0

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Mar 2006
    Location
    The Netherlands
    Beans
    82

    Re: Using Vboxtool to autostart a virtual machine does not auto start

    Here is the installation manual: http://vboxtool.svn.sourceforge.net/...xt?view=markup

    Basically:
    * Place the main script script/vboxtool in /usr/local/bin
    * Make vboxtool executable: chmod +x /usr/local/bin/vboxtool
    * Place the init script script/vboxtoolinit in /etc/init.d
    * Make vboxtoolinit executable: chmod +x /etc/init.d/vboxtoolinit
    * Activate the init script vboxtoolinit: update-rc.d vboxtoolinit defaults 99 10
    * Create a folder /etc/vboxtool. In here, two config files have to be created, see configuration section below, type 'vboxtool help' for more instructions.
    For your startup-problem, you should specifically look at the underlined lines. You should NOT use /etc/rc.local: it might work, but vboxtool is designed to work with the init-system.

    P.S.
    I'm the creator of vboxtool.
    Last edited by markba; October 25th, 2012 at 10:25 AM.
    VBoxTool, VirtualBox automation tools: http://vboxtool.sourceforge.net/
    ufw2web, a web interface for ufw (Ubuntu Firewall): http://ufw2web.sourceforge.net/
    Frext, a replicator for Firebird databases: http://frext.sourceforge.net/

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Apr 2007
    Beans
    12

    Re: Using Vboxtool to autostart a virtual machine does not auto start

    Thank you very much for your reply.

    I have tried to follow the instructions from the manual but with no results. I tried once more now.

    Anyway, I am going to try again with a clean install soon when I get a new and more powerful computer.

    I will report back here then.


    And once again, thank you.

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Apr 2007
    Beans
    12

    Re: Using Vboxtool to autostart a virtual machine does not auto start

    I have now got some new hardware and a fresh install of Ubuntu Server. Now the system boots fine and the virtual machine is also booting just fine. I do not understand why it did not work on the old hardware, and I am not sure if I have the time to investigate it any further.

    Anyhow. Thank you so much for replying to my questions and your assistance.

    I would also thank you, markba, for creating such a nice tool. Keep up the good work


    Best regards
    Rune

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