I'm attempting to back up the files on my hard drive, because my laptop seems to have crashed after a failed update, and only sent me to the recovery console. I'm on Xubuntu now, but the hard drive seems to be acting up. (also, on a side note, the recovery console and the option to boot from my hard drive and the option to add a new boot option) disappeared at some point, though the last one appears when I plug in a usb.

Anyway, this is what sudo fdisk -l says:

WARNING: GPT (GUID Partition Table) detected on '/dev/sda'! The util fdisk doesn't support GPT. Use GNU Parted.


Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes
256 heads, 63 sectors/track, 60563 cylinders, total 976773168 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x2902cc6d

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 1 4294967295 2147483647+ ee GPT

Disk /dev/sdb: 15.7 GB, 15703474176 bytes
256 heads, 54 sectors/track, 2218 cylinders, total 30670848 sectors
Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0xc3072e18

Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdb1 * 32 30670847 15335408 c W95 FAT32 (LBA)
I was trying to follow Enigmapond's post in this thread: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1841546

But I can't mount the partition into the folder, because I must "specify the filesystem type."
Help would be greatly appreciated. I'm not much of a tech person, and my laptop is just baffling me to no end with these issues. /: