I'm still using 10.04, but I think it might be the same still. In my terminal profiles window, there's an option for "Profile used when launching a new terminal:" and in that drop-down box your term01 should be there. If it's the "Default" profile, that's why you're not getting the right profile.
Also, if you really want to make sure your profile is doing ok, check out:
As you can see, I don't have any other profiles besides "Default." If you don't see term01 there, something probably deleted it. I've never heard or seen a profile get deleted, although if you log in as a different user, you will not have access to the same profiles. This includes root, so if you have superuser privileges, you won't get term01.
username@computer:~$ ls .gconf/apps/gnome-terminal/profiles/