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Thread: [HowTo] Repair the bootsector of a Windows partition

  1. #1
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    Exclamation [HowTo] Repair the bootsector of a (Windows or else) partition

    The information in this thread is now contained in the Ubuntu community documentation located here:
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/BootSectorFix


    If you need help please create your new own thread here.


    ---

    If you have damaged the boot sector of one of your partitions (e.g. by installing GRUB in it by mistake), you may have troubles, eg if it's a Windows partition you may not be able to boot into Windows any more.
    Here is how to repair it:

    1) Run Ubuntu (works also in live-CD)
    2) Install and run Testdisk, by activating the Universe repository (in your Software Sources) and typing in a terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) the following command:
    Code:
    sudo apt-get install -y testdisk && sudo testdisk
    3) Via the arrows and the Enter key, go to the [No log] menu,
    4) then select the disk where the broken partition is,
    5) then select [Proceed],
    6) then choose the type of partition (generally [Intel]),
    7) then[Advanced],
    8.) then select the Windows partition with [Boot], it will display something like :
    Code:
    Boot sector
    Status: Bad
    
    Backup boot sector
    Status: OK
    
    Sectors are not identical.
    
    A valid NTFS Boot sector must be present in order to access
    any data; even if the partition is not bootable.
    
    [  List  ]  [Backup BS]  [Rebuild BS]  [  Dump  ]
    9) Check that you have "Status ok" below "Backup boot sector"
    10) select [Backup BS].

    Done. Now you just have to reinstall GRUB into the MBR of the disk, e.g. by running Boot-Repair and clicking the "Recommended repair" button.
    Last edited by drs305; July 20th, 2012 at 10:45 PM. Reason: Closing Thread

  2. #2
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    Re: [HowTo] Repair the bootsector of a (Windows or else) partition

    for information, here is an extract of a Boot-Info Summary that shows an exemple where GRUB has been installed by mistake in the bootsector of the XP partition:

    Code:
    sda1: __________________________________________________________________________
    
        File system:       ntfs
        Boot sector type:  Grub2 (v1.99)
        Boot sector info:   Grub2 (v1.99) is installed in the boot sector of sdb1 
                           and looks at sector 108395296 of the same hard drive 
                           for core.img. core.img is at this location and looks 
                           for  on this drive. No errors found in the Boot 
                           Parameter Block.
        Operating System:  Windows XP
        Boot files:        /boot.ini /BOOT.INI /ntldr /NTLDR /NTDETECT.COM 
                           /ntdetect.com

  3. #3
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    Exclamation Re: [HowTo] Repair the bootsector of a Windows partition

    I moved this HOWTO to the Wiki: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/BootSectorFix

  4. #4
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    Re: [HowTo] Repair the bootsector of a Windows partition

    The information in this thread is now held on the community wiki at https://help.ubuntu.com/community/BootSectorFix

    Thank you for your thread and the work you have done in keeping it current and of use to the community.

    A thread for discussion of the wiki can be found at Discussion - https://help.ubuntu.com/community/BootSectorFix


    Support threads regarding the wiki and it's content should be created in a suitable forum.

    Thread closed.
    GRUB2

    Retired.

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