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Thread: Create your own personal keyboard layout

  1. #71
    Join Date
    Nov 2010
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    2

    Re: Create your own personal keyboard layout

    Forum Question

    Hey guys, I'm a new Ubuntu (version 10.10) user from Albania. Switched from W7 and I'm loving it so far. I only had one problem: creating a custom keyboard map for the Albanian language as the ones that usually come with the OS I don't like (they contain useless characters and everything is misplaced).

    Following advice from a previous forum this is what I did:
    sudo gedit /usr/share/X11/xkb/symbols/al (this is the default albanian language)(I backed it up just in case)

    the file looked like this: (sorry if it's long)

    // $XKeyboardConfig$

    // based on
    // albanian keyboard layout
    // done by Pablo Saratxaga <pablo@mandrakesoft.com>
    //
    // $XFree86: xc/programs/xkbcomp/symbols/al,v 1.2 2002/11/22 04:03:28 dawes Exp $

    partial default alphanumeric_keys
    xkb_symbols "basic" {
    include "latin(type3)"
    name[Group1]="Albania";

    key <AE01> { [ 1, exclam, asciitilde, dead_tilde ] };
    key <AE02> { [ 2, quotedbl, dead_caron, oneeighth ] };
    key <AE03> { [ 3, numbersign, dead_circumflex, sterling ] };
    key <AE04> { [ 4, dollar, dead_breve, dollar ] };
    key <AE05> { [ 5, percent, dead_abovering, threeeighths] };
    key <AE06> { [ 6, asciicircum, dead_ogonek, fiveeighths ] };
    key <AE07> { [ 7, ampersand, grave, dead_grave ] };
    key <AE08> { [ 8, asterisk, dead_abovedot, trademark ] };
    key <AE09> { [ 9, parenleft, dead_acute, plusminus ] };
    key <AE10> { [ 0, parenright, dead_doubleacute, degree ] };
    key <AE11> { [ minus, underscore, dead_diaeresis, questiondown] };

    key <AD03> { [ e, E, EuroSign, EuroSign ] };
    key <AD11> { [ ccedilla, Ccedilla, division, dead_abovering ] };
    key <AD12> { [ at, apostrophe, multiply, dead_macron ] };

    key <AC02> { [ s, S, dstroke, section ] };
    key <AC03> { [ d, D, Dstroke, ETH ] };
    key <AC10> { [ediaeresis, Ediaeresis, dollar, dead_doubleacute ] };
    key <AC11> { [bracketleft, braceleft, ssharp, dead_caron ] };
    key <TLDE> { [ backslash, bar, notsign, notsign ] };

    key <BKSL> { [bracketright, braceright, currency, dead_breve ] };
    key <AB08> { [ comma, semicolon, less, multiply ] };
    key <AB09> { [ period, colon, greater, division ] };
    key <AB10> { [ slash, question, dead_belowdot, dead_abovedot ] };

    include "level3(ralt_switch)"
    };
    So this was based on the latin(type 3) keyboard. I wanted to change it to use the USA layout so these are the changes I did and how the file looked afterwards:

    //Albanian Layout
    //For Ubuntu
    partial default alphanumeric_keys
    xkb_symbols "basic" {

    include "USA"
    name[Group1]="Albania";

    key <AD11> { [ ccedilla, Ccedilla, braceright ] };
    key <AD12> { [ bracketright, bracketleft, braceleft ] };
    key <AB10> { [ ediaeresis, question, Ediaeresis ] };
    key <BKSL> { [ slash, backslash, bar ] };
    include "level3(ralt_switch)"
    };

    To work it required a restart. upon restart the following error message came up:

    Error activating XKB configuration.It can happen under various circumstances: • a bug in libxklavier library • a bug in X server (xkbcomp, xmodmap utilities) • X server with incompatible libxkbfile implementationX server version data:The X.Org Foundation10900000If you report this situation as a bug, please include: • The result of xprop -root | grep XKB • The result of gconftool-2 -R /desktop/gnome/peripherals/keyboard/kbd
    I have tried reverting back to the original and it worked fine, but even with smaller changes to the file the error kept popping up. Please someone tell me what I am doing wrong?!?!

    Thanks a lot for your help

  2. #72
    Join Date
    Aug 2005
    Beans
    351

    Re: Create your own personal keyboard layout

    Quote Originally Posted by Ari_Lari View Post
    ...
    I have tried reverting back to the original and it worked fine, but even with smaller changes to the file the error kept popping up. Please someone tell me what I am doing wrong?!?!

    Thanks a lot for your help
    The problem is what you put in 'include'. You wrote include "USA" which is wrong.

    The files that you find in the /usr/share/X11/xkb/symbols/ directory are layouts, and 'al' is an example of a layout file. If you look inside the 'al' file, you notice that there is a single variant, 'basic'. If I were to use the 'basic' variant from the Albanian layout in my own layout file, I would have written "al(basic)". The first variant of a layout file is the default variant, therefore it would also be OK to write "al" (it's the same with "al(basic)".

    Therefore, if you want to base the Albanian layout on the US layout, you write

    include "us"


    In addition, if you want to submit this layout so it becomes part of the Albanian layout file, you need to leave the "basic" layout as it is, and create a new one. Then, the Albanian layout file would have two variants and the users will be able to choose from the list. Finally, you submit the changes at the xkeyboard-config project, at http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Soft...KeyboardConfig

  3. #73
    Join Date
    May 2010
    Beans
    30
    Distro
    Ubuntu

    Re: Create your own personal keyboard layout

    Re: Creating a custom keyboard layout
    In Microsoft's keyboard layout creator there one may
    create keystrokes like
    U+014b U+02b8, i.e. ŋʸ one keystroke delivers a composed glyph.

    Is such a proceeding possible in Ubuntu, too?
    for example
    key <TILDE> { [ UE107, U014B U02B8 ] }; //  ŋʸ

  4. #74
    Join Date
    May 2010
    Beans
    30
    Distro
    Ubuntu

    Re: Create your own personal keyboard layout

    Hello

    I tried to make myself an "AvestanTranscription" keyboard layout.
    cf. "avestantranscription.txt"

    I proceded like this:
    cf. "wie_AvestanTranscription_keyboard_machen.odt"

    But after having added the new keyboard layout I got this error message
    cf. "fehlerkeyboard.txt"

    Maybe you can tell me what is wrong in my method to make this keyboard layout?

    Regards,

    Ernst Tremel
    Attached Files Attached Files

  5. #75
    Join Date
    May 2010
    Beans
    30
    Distro
    Ubuntu

    Re: Create your own personal keyboard layout

    Meanwhile I experienced that my keyboard layout file "avestantranscription"


    partial default alphanumeric_keys
    xkb_symbols "avestantranscription"
    {
    name[Group1] = "Germany - AvestanTranscription";

    key <AB01> { [ U007A, U017E ] }; // z ž
    key <AB02> { [ U0078, UE205 ] }; // x ?
    key <AB03> { [ U0063, U010D ] }; // c c
    key <AB04> { [ U0076, UE206 ] }; // v ?
    key <AB05> { [ U0062, U0077 ] }; // b w
    key <AB06> { [ U006E, U1E47 ] }; // n ?
    key <AB07> { [ U006D, UE20B ] }; // m ?
    key <AB08> { [ U2025, U3002 ] }; // ? ?
    key <AB09> { [ U22C5, U2024 ] }; // · ·
    key <AB10> { [ U2219, U002E ] }; // · .

    key <AC01> { [ U0061, U0101 ] }; // a a
    key <AC02> { [ U0073, U0161 ] }; // s š
    key <AC03> { [ U0064, U03B4 ] }; // d d
    key <AC04> { [ U0066, U03B3 ] }; // f ?
    key <AC05> { [ U0067, U0121 ] }; // g g
    key <AC06> { [ U0068, UE105 ] }; // h ?
    key <AC07> { [ U006A, UE209 ] }; // j ?
    key <AC08> { [ U006B, U0135 ] }; // k j
    key <AC09> { [ U006C, UE221 ] }; // l ?
    key <AC10> { [ U003B, U003A ] }; // ; :
    key <AC11> { [ UE207, U1E6F ] }; // ? ?

    key <AD01> { [ U014B, UE208 ] }; // ? ?
    key <AD02> { [ UE20D, UE20C ] }; // ? ?
    key <AD03> { [ U0065, U0113 ] }; // e e
    key <AD04> { [ U0072, UE20A ] }; // r ?
    key <AD05> { [ U0074, U03B8 ] }; // t ?
    key <AD06> { [ U0079, U1E8F ] }; // y ?
    key <AD07> { [ U0075, U016B ] }; // u u
    key <AD08> { [ U0069, U012B ] }; // i i
    key <AD09> { [ U006F, U014D ] }; // o o
    key <AD10> { [ U0070, U01DD ] }; // p ?
    key <AD11> { [ U0259, UE204 ] }; // ? ?
    key <AD12> { [ U00E5, UE20E ] }; // å ?

    key <TILDE> { [ UE107, UE225 ] }; // ? ??
    key <AE01> { [ U0031, U015B ] }; // 1 s
    key <AE02> { [ U0032, U1E63 ] }; // 2 ?
    key <AE03> { [ U0033, UE108 ] }; // 3 ?
    key <AE04> { [ U0034, U03D1 ] }; // 4 ?
    key <AE05> { [ UE104, UE222 ] }; // ? ?
    key <AE06> { [ UE220, UE223 ] }; // ? ?
    key <AE07> { [ U03B2, UE224 ] }; // ß ?
    key <AE08> { [ UE109, U00E3 ] }; // ? ã
    key <AE09> { [ UE10A, UE10C ] }; // ? ?
    key <AE10> { [ U0030, UE106 ] }; // 0 ?
    key <AE11> { [ U03C5, UE10E ] }; // ? ?
    key <AE12> { [ UE10B, UE10D ] }; // ? ?

    key <BKSL> { [ U0105, UE203 ] }; // a ?
    key <LSGT> { [ U0105, UE203 ] }; // a ?
    };

    caused this error message

    Fehler beim Aktivieren der XKB-Konfiguration.
    Dies kann unter folgenden Umständen passieren:
    • ein Fehler in der Bibliothek libxklavier
    • ein Fehler im X-Server (xkbcomp, xmodmap-Werkzeuge)
    • X-Server mit inkompatibler Implementation von libxkbfile

    Versionsdaten des X-Servers:
    The X.Org Foundation
    10900000

    Falls Sie dies als Fehler melden, fügen Sie hinzu:
    • das Ergebnis von xprop -root | grep XKB
    • das Ergebnis von gconftool-2 -R /desktop/gnome/peripherals/keyboard/kbd

    The intented keyboard layout should look like:
    cf. AvestTranscr-normal
    and
    AvestTranscr-shift

    What has to be corrected in my keyboard layout file "avestantranscription" to avoid this error?
    Attached Images Attached Images

  6. #76
    Join Date
    May 2010
    Beans
    30
    Distro
    Ubuntu

    Re: Create your own personal keyboard layout

    Finally I achieved to make a Keyboard Layout functioning in Ubuntu, too.

    This was possible because of Simos Xenitellis keyboardlayouteditior

    http://simos.info/blog/archives/747

    https://github.com/simos/keyboardlayouteditor

    This is quite a great ans very useful tool.
    Thanks, Simos

  7. #77
    Join Date
    May 2010
    Beans
    5

    Re: Create your own personal keyboard layout

    Hi

    i want to make my own keyboard layout, and have problem with that

    1. I'm creating file /usr/share/X11/symbols/ti
    Code:
    // $XKeyboardConfig$
    partial default alphanumeric_keys
    xkb_symbols "basic" {
        name[Group1] = "My Language name";
        key <AE01> {[a, 1]};
    };
    2. Im editing file /usr/share/X11/rules/xorg.lst and in section ! layout im adding line:
    Code:
    ti        MyLanguageName
    3. Im editing file /usr/share/X11/rules/xorg.xml and adding:
    Code:
    <layout>
      <configItem>
        <name>ti</name>
        <shortDescription>MyLanguageName</shortDescription>
        <description>MuLanguageName</description>
      </configItem>
    </layout>
    4. Im restarting my computer

    And now... why i cant select or see my new keyboard layout in GNOME (System -> Preferences -> Keyboard -> Layouts). My layout is not in list of available layouts?

    How can i change keyboard layouts in terminal?


  8. #78
    Join Date
    Dec 2010
    Location
    Cairo, Egypt
    Beans
    176
    Distro
    Ubuntu 12.04 Precise Pangolin

    Re: Create your own personal keyboard layout

    Hi I need to create an arabic based keyboard layout for my jawi writing (Traditional Malay-ms). It is similar to arabic but with extra characters and slightly different orientation. how do i actually add these character to usr/share/xkb/ara gedit since i can't seem to see any arabic character inside it.thanks in advance
    Hi, I am Ihsan: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/inashdeen
    Kasr El Ain Medical School,Cairo University, Egypt. Malaysian Linux user, Free sourcer and part time geek since 2008.

  9. #79
    Join Date
    Apr 2005
    Location
    Sintra, Portugal
    Beans
    835

    Re: Create your own personal keyboard layout

    I have created a new keyboard layout (my flavour, full of useful unicode symbols I need) based on the symbols/pt file using simosx's Keyboard Layout Editor. I'm very pleased with the result.

    The program interface is a bit awkward, but it gets the job done. I still had to edit the file by hand to add the
    Code:
    include "level3(ralt_switch)"
    line.

    I saved my new layout as pt-henrique (any name will do) and saved it on
    Code:
    /usr/share/X11/xkb/symbols/
    .

    I then had to edit /etc/default/keyboard and change the

    Code:
    XKBMODEL="pc105" 
    XKBLAYOUT="pt" 
    XKBVARIANT="" 
    XKBOPTIONS=""
    to

    Code:
    XKBMODEL="pc105" 
    XKBLAYOUT="pt-henrique" 
    XKBVARIANT="" 
    XKBOPTIONS=""
    After rebooting I had my new [artistic] layout running.

    note: Thanks simosx
    Last edited by henriquemaia; July 8th, 2012 at 01:16 PM. Reason: formating; wording

  10. #80
    Join Date
    Apr 2005
    Location
    Sintra, Portugal
    Beans
    835

    Re: Create your own personal keyboard layout

    Quote Originally Posted by inashdeen View Post
    Hi I need to create an arabic based keyboard layout for my jawi writing (Traditional Malay-ms). It is similar to arabic but with extra characters and slightly different orientation. how do i actually add these character to usr/share/xkb/ara gedit since i can't seem to see any arabic character inside it.thanks in advance
    You have to check the characters codes for the characters you want in some kind of source. I suggest checking the here:

    http://www.fileformat.info/info/unicode/char/search.htm

    Then you have to add the codes to the file you're editing. Something akin to

    Code:
    key <AC05> { [ g, G, U2196, U2660 ] };
    key <AC06> { [ h, H, U2197, heart ] };
    key <AC07> { [ j, J, U2199, U2660 ] };
    .

    The Uxxxx entries are the correspondent unicode codes for the characters you want.

    Good luck in creating your layout.
    Last edited by henriquemaia; July 8th, 2012 at 01:15 PM. Reason: formating post

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