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Thread: Learning to use Linux

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Sep 2011
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    Learning to use Linux

    I've used Linux a little bit in the past, but usually, I just got kind of annoyed at having to configure everything and do all these things just to get things to maybe work.

    However, that was a long time ago, when I was basically computer-illiterate. Now that I've begun using Ubuntu again (even though I know Ubuntu was made to be easy to use), it seems almost more fun to take the long route sometimes. However, I'm not really sure where I should look besides the manual to learn how to use Linux properly, and how to write code for Linux, etc. Also, what are the benefits of learning to use Linux and code in whatever language it's written in? (besides being able to use it.)

    tl;dr New to linux, need to find out how to use it properly and learn how it works, focusing on commands and using command line. also, why is learning to use linux and all its bits useful?

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Jun 2011
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    Re: Learning to use Linux

    Quote Originally Posted by unit4216 View Post
    I've used Linux a little bit in the past, but usually, I just got kind of annoyed at having to configure everything and do all these things just to get things to maybe work.

    However, that was a long time ago, when I was basically computer-illiterate. Now that I've begun using Ubuntu again (even though I know Ubuntu was made to be easy to use), it seems almost more fun to take the long route sometimes. However, I'm not really sure where I should look besides the manual to learn how to use Linux properly, and how to write code for Linux, etc. Also, what are the benefits of learning to use Linux and code in whatever language it's written in? (besides being able to use it.)

    tl;dr New to linux, need to find out how to use it properly and learn how it works, focusing on commands and using command line. also, why is learning to use linux and all its bits useful?



    Linux can be daunting due to unfamiliar terrritory but to become a confident user and then onto an expert which only comes only with experience and read, read, read and try, try try then there are at least some basics needed.

    First of all i suggest getting to get grips with the security model early on, as there is alot of misunderstanding about Viruses in Linux and malware in general etc so i refer you first to the importance of using sudo here at:

    sudoers file
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Sudoers

    rootsudo
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/RootSudo

    here for security in general

    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=510812

    and these stickies (in my signature)

    http://ubuntuforums.org/forumdisplay.php?f=338

    here for virus information

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux_malware
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Antivirus
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Linuxvirus
    http://www.psychocats.net/ubuntu/security

    You might also want to look at Tor for anonymizing your connection:
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Tor

    Firewalls are not generally needed on a home desktop machine as that is taken care of by your router however there is a hardcoded firewall in Linux called Netfilter/IPTables and can be configured by reading here:

    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=159661

    Though most people if use anything use UFW/GUFW which is a interface for managing IPTables without the complicated command line. see here:

    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/UFW

    Also look at apparmor for profiling your applications and there privelege:

    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/AppArmor

    and this will give you a good grounding in the security of your system and such like.

    After that it is a case of play, setup virtual machines so you can play without trashing your machine, see:

    www.virtualbox.org

    and this sub-forum http://ubuntuforums.org/forumdisplay.php?f=308

    that way you can play with partitions and CLI etc without risking anything.

    Also see the command line:

    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Be.../BashScripting

    http://linuxcommand.org/

    Then it comes down to what you want do and achieve, try the following for a starter:

    http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/10-appl...tu-lucid-lynx/
    http://blog.sudobits.com/2011/03/19/top-10-ubuntu-apps/
    http://blog.sudobits.com/2011/03/07/...-ubuntu-games/

    There is so much, it is a case of where do you start.

    These are mainly Desktop related, but you also need a grounding in servers and services so here is a good read:

    https://help.ubuntu.com/10.04/serverguide/C/index.html

    This is of course all pertaining to Ubuntu, to become a Linux Guru or Expert you need to have a grounding in all these concepts across Distros so i refer you back to the virtualisation section to play with distros as much as you like.

    Set up servers, crack security, network Vm together, do backups, file sharing etc etc

    As for programming, it is written in C, but alot of people start with python, head over to the programming sub-forum and take a look at the threads and stickies etc.

    The shell scripting using bash i mentioned will give you a good primer

    Have fun

    Regards

    haqking
    Feel Free to Bitcoin Tip: 135Rp4pwwYTHEJ4u8bxKaDQiC91N9LUoV2

    Backtrack - Giving machine guns to monkeys since 2006
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  3. #3
    Join Date
    Nov 2009
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    Distro
    Kubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr

    Re: Learning to use Linux

    For python:
    http://code.google.com/edu/languages/google-python-class/

    Most servers on internet run on linux, so knowing linux you can set up your own secure server or maintain an accout propperly, do good internet sites and much more.
    also linux evolved as desktop OS lately, so you can simply just use it on your desktop.
    Easy to understand Ubuntu manual with lots of pics: http://ubuntu-manual.org/
    Do i need antivirus/firewall in linux?
    User friendly disk backup: Redobackup

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