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Thread: how to set up partitions for linux?

  1. #1
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    Oct 2010
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    how to set up partitions for linux?

    Hey everyone, I made 2 partitions in windows xp (40gigs for xp, the other 200gigs or so for linx)

    I've tried installing linux numerous times, but can never get it to find the partition to install to.

    Is there a special way you have to set up a partition so you can install linux on it?

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Oct 2005
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    Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx

    Re: how to set up partitions for linux?

    A bit of reading is recommended, which may give you a clue as to where your problem lies.
    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Ho...dowsPartitions

    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Ho...sAndPartitions

    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/GraphicalInstall

    https://help.ubuntu.com/community/DrivesAndPartitions

    Steps you should have taken are

    1. Resize the Windows partition (taking note of how to do that safely) creating some unallocated space.
    2. Use Gparted ( from the Live CD) to partition and format the unallocated space ready for Linux in a manner of your choosing..
    3 Install Linux to the prepared partition (taking care where you install the GRUB boot loader.
    See here for some specific examples and tips.

    http://members.iinet.net.au/~herman546/index.html

  3. #3
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    Oct 2010
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    Re: how to set up partitions for linux?

    alright, i get to the Gparted part, but even there, i does not find the free unalofaked (or whatever big word it is) space on the hard drive i had set aside, all it shows is my 4gig flash drive that i'm using to boot off of. (netbook does not have a cd/dvd drive.)

  4. #4
    Join Date
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    Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal

    Re: how to set up partitions for linux?

    Quote Originally Posted by FiveStarSky View Post
    Hey everyone, I made 2 partitions in windows xp (40gigs for xp, the other 200gigs or so for linx)

    I've tried installing linux numerous times, but can never get it to find the partition to install to.

    Is there a special way you have to set up a partition so you can install linux on it?
    Since you mention you want one of the partitions you made to be for Linux I would suggest using gparted to delete that 200GB partition and let the Linux install create what it needs in there. The install should find unallocated space. If not, you should have the option to manually pick the unallocated space on the disk. Unallocated means that there is no partition defined. Windows XP doesn't know how to define a partition specifically for Linux so it's best to leave or set the space unallocated before the install.

  5. #5
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    Re: how to set up partitions for linux?

    ^ impossible, When i get to the Gparted screen, it does not show anything other than the flash drive i'm booting off of. So i cant access my hard drive at all right now.

    EDIT: i open Gparted, and the only partition it finds is /dev/sdal which is mky 4gig flash drive i'm using to boot linux up (used pendrivelinux)

    EDIT2: i don't care about running windows xp at all, is there anyway i can wipe windows off the hard drive and see if i can get linux to install then?
    Last edited by FiveStarSky; October 15th, 2010 at 12:14 AM.

  6. #6
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    Re: how to set up partitions for linux?

    In the upper right corner of gparted there should be a volume select drop down that will allow you to choose a different disk than the flash drive. By default gparted will display the disk you started the program on. You have to choose a different disk using the chooser. An alternate method is to click on the GParted menu, then Devices, and then choose the device/hard disk you want to manage. You may have to refresh devices after starting gparted.

    If you want to remove Windows altogether you should be able to do that also in gparted by deleting all partitions. Then the Linux install should find a blank disk to do with as it needs/wants. I've used gparted to do this many times. Once in a while I will get an error. To fix that you must run chkdsk /x in a Windows command prompt and then restart the computer twice after the chkdsk runs. Then gparted should be able to delete all partitions.

  7. #7
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    Re: how to set up partitions for linux?

    once again, the ONLY drive i'm allowed to access on Gparted is the Flash drive, the drop down has no other options (even after refreshing, reloading adn all that good stuff)

    It can not find the hard drive, the windows, or the other partition

  8. #8
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    Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr

    Re: how to set up partitions for linux?

    Even though I could boot XP on sda, gparted would search for a long time and then not show sda. I went back and ran chkdsk on the NTFS partition and gparted showed sda.

    Try chkdsk on your windows drive.
    Oldfred on vacation. Back Sept 9. Will not have much if any Internet access.
    For info on UEFI boot install & repair:
    http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=2147295
    Please use Thread Tools above first post to close thread when/if answered completely.







  9. #9
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    Oct 2010
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    Re: how to set up partitions for linux?

    i'm sorry, i'm not familiar with 'chkdsk' could you give me a little more detail of how to do that?

  10. #10
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    Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal

    Re: how to set up partitions for linux?

    Start Windows.
    Open a command prompt window or click Start>Run and type "cmd" and click OK.
    In the command prompt window type the following command at the prompt if your Windows disk is formatted as NTFS:
    Code:
    chkdsk /x
    If your Windows partition is not NTFS - or if you don't know what it is then use this command:
    Code:
    chkdsk /f
    The command will likely result in a message asking you if you want to run it at the next restart. Type 'y' there and press ENTER. Then restart the computer. It will run check disk for some time and should fix any errors found. When finished the computer will continue to start up to Windows. Do another restart. Then one more restart. Then start the computer with the flash drive and try gparted again. You should be able to see and choose the hard disk.

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