Welcome to the Ubuntu forums!
I've looked at the RESULTS.txt and can't really see any obvious problems.
You mentioned that you changed the 'timeout' settings in the recordfail section but I don't see this reflected in the grub.cfg file. Did you change it back? For now, the recordfail timeout settings are still set to the default settings.
Remember that if you make any changes to the /etc/default/grub file you must run 'sudo update-grub' for the changes to take affect, and if you make changes directly to /boot/grub/grub.cfg you must NOT run "sudo update-grub" or it will erase those changes.
From what you stated, I think you currently can still boot directly into Ubuntu without a LiveCD, but you don't see any menu.
Normally that means that Grub didn't find Windows, but it is clearly listed in your Grub menu.
The easiest thing to try would be to install and run Boot Repair and see if it finds any errors. It's a very good GUI app written for Grub 2. You can read about how to install and run it from the Boot Repair link in my signature line.
If that doesn't work we can try some manual edits of the grub.cfg file, but try Boot Repair first.