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Thread: Howto: Fix Windows share browsing issues

  1. #181
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    Angry Re: Howto: Fix Windows share browsing issues

    I did everything you said to do on the first page of this thread and disabled the firewall on both the linux Ubuntu 9.10 machine and the Windows 7 machine.

    I am still unable to access my windows share from my Ubuntu 9.10 machine.

    The error I receive is the following : failed to retrieve share list from server

    I can see the windows computer but that is the error I get when I double click on it. Originally I couldn't see anything, but after following your steps this is where I am now.

    my smb.conf is as follows:

    #
    # Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.
    #
    #
    # This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
    # smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
    # here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which
    # are not shown in this example
    #
    # Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as
    # commented-out examples in this file.
    # - When such options are commented with ";", the proposed setting
    # differs from the default Samba behaviour
    # - When commented with "#", the proposed setting is the default
    # behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important
    # enough to be mentioned here
    #
    # NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command
    # "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic
    # errors.
    # A well-established practice is to name the original file
    # "smb.conf.master" and create the "real" config file with
    # testparm -s smb.conf.master >smb.conf
    # This minimizes the size of the really used smb.conf file
    # which, according to the Samba Team, impacts performance
    # However, use this with caution if your smb.conf file contains nested
    # "include" statements. See Debian bug #483187 for a case
    # where using a master file is not a good idea.
    #

    #======================= Global Settings =======================

    [global]

    ## Browsing/Identification ###

    # Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
    workgroup = WORKGROUP
    netbios name = holly-lappy

    # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
    server string = %h server (Samba, Ubuntu)

    # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
    # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server
    # wins support = no

    # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
    # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
    ; wins server = w.x.y.z

    # This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.
    dns proxy = no

    # What naming service and in what order should we use to resolve host names
    # to IP addresses
    name resolve order = lmhosts wins bcast host

    #### Networking ####

    # The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to
    # This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;
    # interface names are normally preferred
    ; interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0

    # Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the
    # 'interfaces' option above to use this.
    # It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is
    # not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself. However, this
    # option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.
    ; bind interfaces only = yes



    #### Debugging/Accounting ####

    # This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
    # that connects
    log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

    # Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).
    max log size = 1000

    # If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following
    # parameter to 'yes'.
    # syslog only = no

    # We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything
    # should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log
    # through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.
    syslog = 0

    # Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace
    panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d


    ####### Authentication #######

    # "security = user" is always a good idea. This will require a Unix account
    # in this server for every user accessing the server. See
    # /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/ServerType.html
    # in the samba-doc package for details.
    # security = user

    # You may wish to use password encryption. See the section on
    # 'encrypt passwords' in the smb.conf(5) manpage before enabling.
    encrypt passwords = true

    # If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what
    # password database type you are using.
    passdb backend = tdbsam

    obey pam restrictions = yes

    # This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix
    # password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the
    # passdb is changed.
    unix password sync = yes

    # For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following
    # parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<kahan@informatik.tu-muenchen.de> for
    # sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).
    passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
    passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .

    # This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
    # when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
    # 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
    pam password change = yes

    # This option controls how unsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped
    # to anonymous connections
    map to guest = bad user

    ########## Domains ###########

    # Is this machine able to authenticate users. Both PDC and BDC
    # must have this setting enabled. If you are the BDC you must
    # change the 'domain master' setting to no
    #
    ; domain logons = yes
    #
    # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
    # It specifies the location of the user's profile directory
    # from the client point of view)
    # The following required a [profiles] share to be setup on the
    # samba server (see below)
    ; logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U
    # Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory
    # (this is Samba's default)
    # logon path = \\%N\%U\profile

    # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
    # It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client
    # point of view)
    ; logon drive = H:
    # logon home = \\%N\%U

    # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
    # It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored
    # in the [netlogon] share
    # NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention
    ; logon script = logon.cmd

    # This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
    # RPC pipe. The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix
    # password; please adapt to your needs
    ; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u

    # This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the
    # SAMR RPC pipe.
    # The following assumes a "machines" group exists on the system
    ; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c "%u machine account" -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u

    # This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
    # RPC pipe.
    ; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g

    ########## Printing ##########

    # If you want to automatically load your printer list rather
    # than setting them up individually then you'll need this
    # load printers = yes

    # lpr(ng) printing. You may wish to override the location of the
    # printcap file
    ; printing = bsd
    ; printcap name = /etc/printcap

    # CUPS printing. See also the cupsaddsmb(8) manpage in the
    # cupsys-client package.
    ; printing = cups
    ; printcap name = cups

    ############ Misc ############

    # Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
    # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
    # of the machine that is connecting
    ; include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m

    # Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
    # See smb.conf(5) and /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/speed.html
    # for details
    # You may want to add the following on a Linux system:
    # SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
    # socket options = TCP_NODELAY

    # The following parameter is useful only if you have the linpopup package
    # installed. The samba maintainer and the linpopup maintainer are
    # working to ease installation and configuration of linpopup and samba.
    ; message command = /bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m" %s; rm %s' &

    # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. If this
    # machine will be configured as a BDC (a secondary logon server), you
    # must set this to 'no'; otherwise, the default behavior is recommended.
    # domain master = auto

    # Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
    # for something else.)
    ; idmap uid = 10000-20000
    ; idmap gid = 10000-20000
    ; template shell = /bin/bash

    # The following was the default behaviour in sarge,
    # but samba upstream reverted the default because it might induce
    # performance issues in large organizations.
    # See Debian bug #368251 for some of the consequences of *not*
    # having this setting and smb.conf(5) for details.
    ; winbind enum groups = yes
    ; winbind enum users = yes

    # Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders
    # with the net usershare command.

    # Maximum number of usershare. 0 (default) means that usershare is disabled.
    ; usershare max shares = 100

    # Allow users who've been granted usershare privileges to create
    # public shares, not just authenticated ones
    usershare allow guests = yes

    #======================= Share Definitions =======================

    # Un-comment the following (and tweak the other settings below to suit)
    # to enable the default home directory shares. This will share each
    # user's home directory as \\server\username
    ;[homes]
    ; comment = Home Directories
    ; browseable = no

    # By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the
    # next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them.
    ; read only = yes

    # File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
    # create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
    ; create mask = 0700

    # Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
    # create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
    ; directory mask = 0700

    # By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone
    # with access to the samba server. Un-comment the following parameter
    # to make sure that only "username" can connect to \\server\username
    # This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes
    ; valid users = %S

    # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
    # (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
    ;[netlogon]
    ; comment = Network Logon Service
    ; path = /home/samba/netlogon
    ; guest ok = yes
    ; read only = yes
    ; share modes = no

    # Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store
    # users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)
    # (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
    # The path below should be writable by all users so that their
    # profile directory may be created the first time they log on
    ;[profiles]
    ; comment = Users profiles
    ; path = /home/samba/profiles
    ; guest ok = no
    ; browseable = no
    ; create mask = 0600
    ; directory mask = 0700

    [printers]
    comment = All Printers
    browseable = no
    path = /var/spool/samba
    printable = yes
    guest ok = no
    read only = yes
    create mask = 0700

    # Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable
    # printer drivers
    [print$]
    comment = Printer Drivers
    path = /var/lib/samba/printers
    browseable = yes
    read only = yes
    guest ok = no
    # Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
    # You may need to replace 'lpadmin' with the name of the group your
    # admin users are members of.
    # Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions
    # to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it
    ; write list = root, @lpadmin

    # A sample share for sharing your CD-ROM with others.
    ;[cdrom]
    ; comment = Samba server's CD-ROM
    ; read only = yes
    ; locking = no
    ; path = /cdrom
    ; guest ok = yes

    # The next two parameters show how to auto-mount a CD-ROM when the
    # cdrom share is accesed. For this to work /etc/fstab must contain
    # an entry like this:
    #
    # /dev/scd0 /cdrom iso9660 defaults,noauto,ro,user 0 0
    #
    # The CD-ROM gets unmounted automatically after the connection to the
    #
    # If you don't want to use auto-mounting/unmounting make sure the CD
    # is mounted on /cdrom
    #
    ; preexec = /bin/mount /cdrom
    ; postexec = /bin/umount /cdrom








    I am at a complete loss as to what to do. This isn't the first time I've had this problem, and always before today, Ive done the steps you've recommended and it has worked. If you have any idea whats happening I really need your help.

    Thanks,

    Viss

  2. #182
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    Re: Howto: Fix Windows share browsing issues

    I am getting "Failed to retrieve share list from server" errors running Ubuntu in VM Ware with a Windows 7 host. I have tried with Firewall and UAC off and still had no luck...

  3. #183
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    Re: Howto: Fix Windows share browsing issues

    In Karmic, with the firewall disabled, I have no problem browsing the samba shares on my network, but if I enable the firewall, I can't see any shares. I've opened the following ports to no avail: tcp 135, 139, 445 and udp 137-139.

    Interestingly, when I run findsmb with the firewall off, it spends about a minute and finds PCs on the network. When I run findsmb with the firewall on (even if the aforementioned ports are open), fndsmb immediately returns to a command prompt and doesn't find any computers.

    I know there are instructions for changes to other files (smb.conf), but if everything works with the firewall disabled, do I really need to mess with any of that other stuff? Are there any additional ports I need to allow?

  4. #184
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    Re: Howto: Fix Windows share browsing issues

    just corrected a massive issue of this nature .. the EASY WAY.
    Went into the Windows machines and launched network Lizzard .. and changed MSHOME to WORKGROUP and tah-dah!!!!! Everything works again!! (including the inter tie of 6 printers and the ability to move files across the network!)

  5. #185
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    Re: Howto: Fix Windows share browsing issues

    Quote Originally Posted by Mr_Bumpy View Post
    In Karmic, with the firewall disabled, I have no problem browsing the samba shares on my network, but if I enable the firewall, I can't see any shares. I've opened the following ports to no avail: tcp 135, 139, 445 and udp 137-139.

    Interestingly, when I run findsmb with the firewall off, it spends about a minute and finds PCs on the network. When I run findsmb with the firewall on (even if the aforementioned ports are open), fndsmb immediately returns to a command prompt and doesn't find any computers.

    I know there are instructions for changes to other files (smb.conf), but if everything works with the firewall disabled, do I really need to mess with any of that other stuff? Are there any additional ports I need to allow?
    How do you turn the firewall off in Ubuntu Karmic? I was talking about the one in Windows 7, maybe that's the problem...

    EDIT: "sudo ufw disable" did nothing
    Last edited by RealG187; November 3rd, 2009 at 11:01 PM.

  6. #186
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    Re: Howto: Fix Windows share browsing issues

    Install gufw, then you can find a GUI option in System -> Administration -> Firewall configuration. You can disable the firewall from there.

  7. #187
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    Re: Howto: Fix Windows share browsing issues

    I was able to connect using the mount command.

    Two problems:
    I specifiy my username and password and only get read only (I have NTFS permissons on the share so only I can access it) I wonder, should I get NTFS to full share share to read only instead of share to full and NTFS to read only?

    When I use the mount command I have to type my password in the command and if someone sees my screen they will know my password. Is there a way I can make the command prompt for my password?

  8. #188
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    Re: Howto: Fix Windows share browsing issues

    Here's how I mount my network shares, and it works quite well on my network.

    My example will use the following variables:
    • your username: fred
    • your password: fredRocks!
    • server to connect to: winbox
    • share on the server: myfiles


    1. Make sure the package smbfs is installed.

    2. (optional) Make it so you can mount shares using sudo without having to enter your password. Do this by running sudo visudo from a terminal, and adding the following lines at the end:
    Code:
    fred	ALL=NOPASSWD:/bin/mount
    fred	ALL=NOPASSWD:/bin/umount
    3. Make sure your mount point folder exists. If you want the network share to show up automatically as an icon on the desktop when you mount it, then create the mount point in /media. For example:
    Code:
    sudo mkdir /media/myfiles
    4. The way I handle network share passwords is to create an authentication file and point to it in the mount command.

    Create a hidden text file in your home directory named ".auth.winbox.fred". Inside that file, put the following:
    Code:
    username=fred
    password=fredRocks!
    Set the file's permissions so that nobody else can read it. You can do this in Nautilus, or by command if you prefer:
    Code:
    chmod 600 .auth.winbox.fred
    5. Finally, to mount your share, run the command as follows:
    Code:
    sudo mount -t cifs //winbox/myfiles /media/myfiles -o credentials=/home/fred/.auth.winbox.fred,noperm,uid=fred,gid=fred
    The share should show up as an icon on your desktop. To unmount, the command is simpler:
    Code:
    sudo umount /media/myfiles
    You may need to try different combinations of the options to get the best results. The noperm option ignores unix permissions on the shared files (which might help your read/write problem). The uid/gid options were necessary to solve a problem I had where OpenOffice was opening shared documents as read-only. Another option that might help you is nounix.

    This command works perfectly when connecting to a Samba server running on Linux, but I haven't tried it with shares from an actual Windows box yet.

    Once you've found a command that works well, you can easily make it into a script so you don't have to type all of that each time you want to mount your share (plus you can set it to connect on boot). Let me know if you need any help with that part.
    Last edited by Mr_Bumpy; November 4th, 2009 at 02:29 AM. Reason: fixed error

  9. #189
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    Re: Howto: Fix Windows share browsing issues

    mpg@mpg-desktop:~$ sudo mount -t cifs //192.168.239.1/Share /home/mpg/Desktop/Host -o credentials=/home/mpg/.auth.winbox.mpg,noperm,uid=mpg,gid=mpg
    mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on //192.168.239.1/Share,
    missing codepage or helper program, or other error
    (for several filesystems (e.g. nfs, cifs) you might
    need a /sbin/mount.<type> helper program)
    In some cases useful info is found in syslog - try
    dmesg | tail or so

    mpg@mpg-desktop:~$
    I get that error

    EDIT: Nevermind, I had to install the package in step 1. I was in a rush and forgot. Funny thing is it worked in Fedora natively, and in Fedora that's the only way I can view Samba shares...
    Last edited by RealG187; November 4th, 2009 at 10:34 PM.

  10. #190
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    Re: Howto: Fix Windows share browsing issues

    Great tutorial - worked for me on Karmic after completing the windbind step. Thanks!

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